THE MARINE MAMMAL COMMISSION COMPENDIUM
BILATERAL / TURKEY
Volume(s) 1-3; pages 3461-3463
Memorandum of Understanding Between the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States of America and the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Turkey Concerning Technical Cooperation in the Field of Environmental Protection, Ankara, 1991
Done at Ankara 10 December 1991
Entered into force 10 December 1991
Primary source citation: Copy of text provided by the U.S. Department of State
MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY CONCERNING TECHNICAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
ARTICLE I (BACKGROUND)
The Environmental Protection Agency of the United States of America (‘EPA’) and the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Turkey (the ‘Ministry’), hereafter referred to as ‘the parties,’ hereby agree to establish a program of technical cooperation for the protection of the environment. The purpose of this Memorandum of Understanding (the ‘Memorandum’) is to establish a framework to encourage and increase technical cooperative activities between EPA and the Ministry.
ARTICLE II (SCOPE OF WORK)
Technical cooperative activities by the parties under this Memorandum shall consist of training projects designed to help strengthen environmental management systems and institutions, assistance in developing management systems, and related technical cooperative projects in the Republic of Turkey. These activities may include: training of personnel of the Ministry in the areas of policy, enforcement, pollution prevention and environmental impact assessment; assistance to the Ministry in such areas as information management, solid and hazardous waste management, and improvement in administrative systems; exchange visits of technical personnel; and other such technical cooperative activities as are agreed upon.
The parties may use, where appropriate and mutually acceptable, the services of other government agencies, universities, organizations and institutions of both countries to develop and conduct activities under this Memorandum. Technical experts from international organizations may also be invited to participate, upon the prior written agreement of the parties.
ARTICLE III (FUNDING)
Activities under this Memorandum shall be subject to the availability of appropriated funds and personnel of each party, or the approval of other sources of funding. Funding for and resource allocation to each significant activity undertaken pursuant to this Memorandum shall be arranged in accordance with the written agreement of the parties, as described in Article IV. ARTICLE IV (MANAGEMENT)
Each party shall designate a coordinator to be responsible for the management of activities under this Memorandum. The parties may designate a replacement coordinator at any time upon written notice to the other party. The coordinators shall meet at least annually and at the request of either party, to discuss activities under the Memorandum or to review other matters concerning the Memorandum, such as future policy and programmatic direction.
The coordinators shall agree in writing on each significant activity to be undertaken pursuant to the Memorandum through an exchange of letters describing the activity, which shall be incorporated in an implementation document to this Memorandum. Each such significant activity should be described to include: the scope of work; the deliverables and delivery dates (if any); the products and outcomes; the period of performance; the level of funding and resources to be provided for each such activity by each party; and any other aspect of the activity that the coordinators may consider appropriate.
The coordinators shall seek to resolve any dispute concerning the Memorandum through good faith discussions.
ARTICLE V (APPLICABILITY OF NATIONAL LAWS)
All activities undertaken under this Memorandum shall be subject to the applicable laws and regulations of the parties.
ARTICLE VI (RELATIONSHIP TO OTHER AGREEMENTS)
Nothing in this Memorandum shall be construed either to prejudice other existing or future agreements concluded between the Governments of the United States of America and the Republic of Turkey.
ARTICLE VII (ENTRY AND EXIT)
To the extent feasible and permitted by their national laws, the parties shall facilitate the granting of visas and other clearances necessary for personnel and equipment to enter into and exit from their respective countries for purposes of undertaking activities agreed upon pursuant to this Memorandum.
ARTICLE VIII (AMENDMENT, ENTRY INTO FORCE AND TERMINATION)
This Memorandum shall enter into force upon signature and shall remain in force for five years. It may be extended or amended by written agreement of the parties at any time. The Memorandum may be terminated by either party upon three months' written notice to the other party. The termination of the Memorandum shall not affect the validity or duration of activities agreed upon pursuant to this Memorandum and initiated prior to such termination.
Done in duplicate at Ankara, Turkey in the English and Turkish languages, both texts being equally authentic. This tenth day of December, 1991. For the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Turkey [Signature] Minister
For the United States Environmental Protection Agency William K. Reilly Administrator