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Version 2014.3
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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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Membership Information for: Amendments To Appendices I and II To The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora (COP-12, 2002)

Signed: 2002-11-15; Entered into force: 2003-02-13
Source for membership data: 2002-11-15
Last downloaded: unknown; Last known update: unknown
This agreement's entry into force was based on the "tacit acceptance" procedure of its underlying agreement which is available here.
The amendment's specific text regarding entry into force was:
  • "CITES Agreement text: 'Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article. '"
NB: Some agreements allow all, or certain types of, amendments to enter into force "tacitly" for all countries that do not object to them by a given date (usually 90 days after passage of the amendment by the relevant institutional body).
In these cases, the IEA Database Project infers membership status in the amendment based on the entry into force date of the amendment, membership at that point in time for the agreement being amended, and the absence of any explicit objection by a state.
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the CITES Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information.If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director
Membership totals for each year are provided at the top and bottom of each column. For notes on membership coding rules, see the bottom of this page.
Country20022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Afghanistan01111111111111100
Albania01111111111111100
Algeria01111111111111100
Angola00000000000111100
Antigua and Barbuda01111111111111100
Argentina01111111111111100
Armenia00000001111111100
Australia01111111111111100
Austria01111111111111100
Azerbaijan01111111111111100
Bahamas01111111111111100
Bahrain00000000001111100
Bangladesh01111111111111100
Barbados01111111111111100
Belarus01111111111111100
Belgium01111111111111100
Belize01111111111111100
Benin01111111111111100
Bhutan01111111111111100
Bolivia01111111111111100
Bosnia and Herzegovina00000001111111100
Botswana01111111111111100
Brazil01111111111111100
Brunei Darussalam01111111111111100
Bulgaria01111111111111100
Burkina Faso01111111111111100
Burundi01111111111111100
Cambodia01111111111111100
Cameroon01111111111111100
Canada01111111111111100
Cape Verde00011111111111100
Central African Republic01111111111111100
Chad01111111111111100
Chile01111111111111100
China01111111111111100
Colombia01111111111111100
Comoros01111111111111100
Congo, Democratic Republic of01111111111111100
Congo, Republic of the01111111111111100
Costa Rica01111111111111100
Cote d'Ivoire01111111111111100
Croatia01111111111111100
Cuba01111111111111100
Cyprus01111111111111100
Czech Republic01111111111111100
Czechoslovakia00000000000000000
Denmark01111111111111100
Djibouti01111111111111100
Dominica01111111111111100
Dominican Republic01111111111111100
Ecuador01111111111111100
Egypt01111111111111100
El Salvador01111111111111100
Equatorial Guinea01111111111111100
Eritrea01111111111111100
Estonia01111111111111100
Ethiopia01111111111111100
European Union00000000000001100
Fiji01111111111111100
Finland01111111111111100
France01111111111111100
Gabon01111111111111100
Gambia01111111111111100
Georgia01111111111111100
Germany01111111111111100
Ghana01111111111111100
Greece01111111111111100
Grenada01111111111111100
Guatemala01111111111111100
Guinea01111111111111100
Guinea-Bissau01111111111111100
Guyana01111111111111100
Honduras01111111111111100
Hungary01111111111111100
Iceland01111111111111100
India01111111111111100
Indonesia01111111111111100
Iran01111111111111100
Iraq00000000000011100
Ireland01111111111111100
Israel01111111111111100
Italy01111111111111100
Jamaica01111111111111100
Japan01111111111111100
Jordan01111111111111100
Kazakhstan01111111111111100
Kenya01111111111111100
Korea, Republic of01111111111111100
Kuwait01111111111111100
Kyrgyzstan00000111111111100
Laos00111111111111100
Latvia01111111111111100
Lebanon00000000000111100
Lesotho01111111111111100
Liberia01111111111111100
Libya01111111111111100
Liechtenstein01111111111111100
Lithuania01111111111111100
Luxembourg01111111111111100
Macedonia01111111111111100
Madagascar01111111111111100
Malawi01111111111111100
Malaysia01111111111111100
Maldives00000000000111100
Mali01111111111111100
Malta01111111111111100
Mauritania01111111111111100
Mauritius01111111111111100
Mexico01111111111111100
Moldova01111111111111100
Monaco01111111111111100
Mongolia01111111111111100
Montenegro00001111111111100
Morocco01111111111111100
Mozambique01111111111111100
Myanmar01111111111111100
Namibia01111111111111100
Nepal01111111111111100
Netherlands01111111111111100
New Zealand01111111111111100
Nicaragua01111111111111100
Niger01111111111111100
Nigeria01111111111111100
Norway01111111111111100
Oman00000011111111100
Pakistan01111111111111100
Palau00111111111111100
Panama01111111111111100
Papua New Guinea01111111111111100
Paraguay01111111111111100
Peru01111111111111100
Philippines01111111111111100
Poland01111111111111100
Portugal01111111111111100
Qatar01111111111111100
Romania01111111111111100
Russian Federation01111111111111100
Rwanda01111111111111100
Saint Kitts and Nevis01111111111111100
Saint Lucia01111111111111100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines01111111111111100
Samoa00011111111111100
San Marino00011111111111100
Sao Tome and Principe01111111111111100
Saudi Arabia01111111111111100
Senegal01111111111111100
Serbia01111111111111100
Seychelles01111111111111100
Sierra Leone01111111111111100
Singapore01111111111111100
Slovakia01111111111111100
Slovenia01111111111111100
Solomon Islands00000111111111100
Somalia01111111111111100
South Africa01111111111111100
Spain01111111111111100
Sri Lanka01111111111111100
Sudan01111111111111100
Suriname01111111111111100
Swaziland01111111111111100
Sweden01111111111111100
Switzerland01111111111111100
Syria01111111111111100
Tanzania01111111111111100
Thailand01111111111111100
Togo01111111111111100
Trinidad and Tobago01111111111111100
Tunisia01111111111111100
Turkey01111111111111100
Uganda01111111111111100
Ukraine01111111111111100
United Arab Emirates01111111111111100
United Kingdom01111111111111100
United States01111111111111100
Uruguay01111111111111100
Uzbekistan01111111111111100
Vanuatu01111111111111100
Venezuela01111111111111100
Viet Nam01111111111111100
Yemen01111111111111100
Zambia01111111111111100
Zimbabwe01111111111111100
Country20022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Membership status is coded as follows:
  • Countries included are those that have signed and/or ratified the agreement in question. This means that countries that have signed but failed to ratify an agreement will appear in the table but with a status of "0" in all years, since the agreement would only enter into force for them if/once they ratify.
  • Where the membership data source provides it, membership status is based on the year of entry into force.
  • Where the membership data source does not provide entry into force data, membership is inferred from the year of a country's ratification, so long as that year occurs after the entry into force year of the agreement.
  • Because status reflects entry into force, status is "0" for ALL countries from the date of signature of the agreement until the date the agreement enters into force generally.
  • NB: Membership status can return to 0 from 1 if a country withdraws from an agreement (and they may, subsequently, become a member again).
  • For membership actions by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data (countries as rows, years as columns), Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data in Stata format (3 columns: Country, Year, Membership Status), Click Here.
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 13 November 2018