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Version 2014.3
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IEA Database International Environmental Agreements (IEA)
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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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Membership Information for: Amendments To Appendices I and II To The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora (COP-8, 1992)

Signed: 1992-03-13; Entered into force: 1992-06-11
Source for membership data: 1992-03-13
Last downloaded: unknown; Last known update: unknown
This agreement's entry into force was based on the "tacit acceptance" procedure of its underlying agreement which is available here.
The amendment's specific text regarding entry into force was:
  • "CITES Agreement text: 'Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article. '"
NB: Some agreements allow all, or certain types of, amendments to enter into force "tacitly" for all countries that do not object to them by a given date (usually 90 days after passage of the amendment by the relevant institutional body).
In these cases, the IEA Database Project infers membership status in the amendment based on the entry into force date of the amendment, membership at that point in time for the agreement being amended, and the absence of any explicit objection by a state.
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the CITES Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information.If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director
Membership totals for each year are provided at the top and bottom of each column. For notes on membership coding rules, see the bottom of this page.
Country199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members11512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Afghanistan111111111111111111111111100
Albania000000000001111111111111100
Algeria111111111111111111111111100
Angola000000000000000000000111100
Antigua and Barbuda000001111111111111111111100
Argentina111111111111111111111111100
Armenia000000000000000001111111100
Australia111111111111111111111111100
Austria111111111111111111111111100
Azerbaijan000000011111111111111111100
Bahamas111111111111111111111111100
Bahrain000000000000000000001111100
Bangladesh111111111111111111111111100
Barbados011111111111111111111111100
Belarus000111111111111111111111100
Belgium111111111111111111111111100
Belize111111111111111111111111100
Benin111111111111111111111111100
Bhutan000000000011111111111111100
Bolivia111111111111111111111111100
Bosnia and Herzegovina000000000000000001111111100
Botswana111111111111111111111111100
Brazil111111111111111111111111100
Brunei Darussalam111111111111111111111111100
Bulgaria111111111111111111111111100
Burkina Faso111111111111111111111111100
Burundi111111111111111111111111100
Cambodia000001111111111111111111100
Cameroon111111111111111111111111100
Canada111111111111111111111111100
Cape Verde000000000000011111111111100
Central African Republic111111111111111111111111100
Chad111111111111111111111111100
Chile111111111111111111111111100
China111111111111111111111111100
Colombia111111111111111111111111100
Comoros000111111111111111111111100
Congo, Democratic Republic of111111111111111111111111100
Congo, Republic of the111111111111111111111111100
Costa Rica111111111111111111111111100
Cote d'Ivoire000111111111111111111111100
Croatia000000001111111111111111100
Cuba111111111111111111111111100
Cyprus111111111111111111111111100
Czech Republic011111111111111111111111100
Czechoslovakia000000000000000000000000000
Denmark111111111111111111111111100
Djibouti111111111111111111111111100
Dominica000111111111111111111111100
Dominican Republic111111111111111111111111100
Ecuador111111111111111111111111100
Egypt111111111111111111111111100
El Salvador111111111111111111111111100
Equatorial Guinea111111111111111111111111100
Eritrea000111111111111111111111100
Estonia111111111111111111111111100
Ethiopia111111111111111111111111100
European Union000000000000000000000001100
Fiji000001111111111111111111100
Finland111111111111111111111111100
France111111111111111111111111100
Gabon111111111111111111111111100
Gambia111111111111111111111111100
Georgia000011111111111111111111100
Germany111111111111111111111111100
Ghana111111111111111111111111100
Greece011111111111111111111111100
Grenada000000011111111111111111100
Guatemala111111111111111111111111100
Guinea111111111111111111111111100
Guinea-Bissau111111111111111111111111100
Guyana111111111111111111111111100
Honduras111111111111111111111111100
Hungary111111111111111111111111100
Iceland000000001111111111111111100
India111111111111111111111111100
Indonesia111111111111111111111111100
Iran111111111111111111111111100
Iraq000000000000000000000011100
Ireland000000000011111111111111100
Israel111111111111111111111111100
Italy111111111111111111111111100
Jamaica000001111111111111111111100
Japan111111111111111111111111100
Jordan111111111111111111111111100
Kazakhstan000000001111111111111111100
Kenya111111111111111111111111100
Korea, Republic of011111111111111111111111100
Kuwait000000000011111111111111100
Kyrgyzstan000000000000000111111111100
Laos000000000000111111111111100
Latvia000001111111111111111111100
Lebanon000000000000000000000111100
Lesotho000000000001111111111111100
Liberia111111111111111111111111100
Libya000000000001111111111111100
Liechtenstein111111111111111111111111100
Lithuania000000000011111111111111100
Luxembourg111111111111111111111111100
Macedonia000000001111111111111111100
Madagascar111111111111111111111111100
Malawi111111111111111111111111100
Malaysia111111111111111111111111100
Maldives000000000000000000000111100
Mali001111111111111111111111100
Malta111111111111111111111111100
Mauritania000000111111111111111111100
Mauritius111111111111111111111111100
Mexico111111111111111111111111100
Moldova000000000111111111111111100
Monaco111111111111111111111111100
Mongolia000011111111111111111111100
Montenegro000000000000001111111111100
Morocco111111111111111111111111100
Mozambique111111111111111111111111100
Myanmar000001111111111111111111100
Namibia111111111111111111111111100
Nepal111111111111111111111111100
Netherlands111111111111111111111111100
New Zealand111111111111111111111111100
Nicaragua111111111111111111111111100
Niger111111111111111111111111100
Nigeria111111111111111111111111100
Norway111111111111111111111111100
Oman000000000000000011111111100
Pakistan111111111111111111111111100
Palau000000000000111111111111100
Panama111111111111111111111111100
Papua New Guinea111111111111111111111111100
Paraguay111111111111111111111111100
Peru111111111111111111111111100
Philippines111111111111111111111111100
Poland111111111111111111111111100
Portugal111111111111111111111111100
Qatar000000000111111111111111100
Romania001111111111111111111111100
Russian Federation111111111111111111111111100
Rwanda111111111111111111111111100
Saint Kitts and Nevis001111111111111111111111100
Saint Lucia111111111111111111111111100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines111111111111111111111111100
Samoa000000000000011111111111100
San Marino000000000000011111111111100
Sao Tome and Principe000000000111111111111111100
Saudi Arabia000011111111111111111111100
Senegal111111111111111111111111100
Serbia000000000011111111111111100
Seychelles111111111111111111111111100
Sierra Leone000111111111111111111111100
Singapore111111111111111111111111100
Slovakia011111111111111111111111100
Slovenia000000001111111111111111100
Solomon Islands000000000000000111111111100
Somalia111111111111111111111111100
South Africa111111111111111111111111100
Spain111111111111111111111111100
Sri Lanka111111111111111111111111100
Sudan111111111111111111111111100
Suriname111111111111111111111111100
Swaziland000001111111111111111111100
Sweden111111111111111111111111100
Switzerland111111111111111111111111100
Syria000000000001111111111111100
Tanzania111111111111111111111111100
Thailand111111111111111111111111100
Togo111111111111111111111111100
Trinidad and Tobago111111111111111111111111100
Tunisia111111111111111111111111100
Turkey000011111111111111111111100
Uganda111111111111111111111111100
Ukraine000000001111111111111111100
United Arab Emirates111111111111111111111111100
United Kingdom111111111111111111111111100
United States111111111111111111111111100
Uruguay111111111111111111111111100
Uzbekistan000001111111111111111111100
Vanuatu111111111111111111111111100
Venezuela111111111111111111111111100
Viet Nam001111111111111111111111100
Yemen000001111111111111111111100
Zambia111111111111111111111111100
Zimbabwe111111111111111111111111100
Country199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members11512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Membership status is coded as follows:
  • Countries included are those that have signed and/or ratified the agreement in question. This means that countries that have signed but failed to ratify an agreement will appear in the table but with a status of "0" in all years, since the agreement would only enter into force for them if/once they ratify.
  • Where the membership data source provides it, membership status is based on the year of entry into force.
  • Where the membership data source does not provide entry into force data, membership is inferred from the year of a country's ratification, so long as that year occurs after the entry into force year of the agreement.
  • Because status reflects entry into force, status is "0" for ALL countries from the date of signature of the agreement until the date the agreement enters into force generally.
  • NB: Membership status can return to 0 from 1 if a country withdraws from an agreement (and they may, subsequently, become a member again).
  • For membership actions by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data (countries as rows, years as columns), Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data in Stata format (3 columns: Country, Year, Membership Status), Click Here.
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 20 September 2018