IEA Database
Version 2014.3
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IEA Database International Environmental Agreements (IEA)
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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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Membership Information for: Amendments To Appendices I and II To The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora (COP-7, 1989)

Signed: 1989-10-20; Entered into force: 1990-01-18
Source for membership data: 1989-10-20
Last downloaded: unknown; Last known update: unknown
This agreement's entry into force was based on the "tacit acceptance" procedure of its underlying agreement which is available here.
The amendment's specific text regarding entry into force was:
  • "CITES Agreement text: 'Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article. '"
NB: Some agreements allow all, or certain types of, amendments to enter into force "tacitly" for all countries that do not object to them by a given date (usually 90 days after passage of the amendment by the relevant institutional body).
In these cases, the IEA Database Project infers membership status in the amendment based on the entry into force date of the amendment, membership at that point in time for the agreement being amended, and the absence of any explicit objection by a state.
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the CITES Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information.If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director
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Agreement Action Country Year Month Day
Signature Agreement 1989 10 20
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Afghanistan 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Agreement 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Albania 2003 9 25
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Algeria 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Angola 2013 12 31
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Antigua and Barbuda 1997 10 6
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Argentina 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Armenia 2009 1 21
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Australia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Austria 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Azerbaijan 1999 2 21
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bahamas 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bahrain 2012 11 17
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bangladesh 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Barbados 1993 3 9
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Belarus 1995 11 8
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Belgium 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Belize 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Benin 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bhutan 2002 11 13
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bolivia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bosnia and Herzegovina 2009 4 21
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Botswana 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Brazil 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Brunei Darussalam 1990 8 2
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Bulgaria 1991 4 16
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Burkina Faso 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Burundi 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cambodia 1997 10 2
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cameroon 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Canada 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cape Verde 2005 11 8
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Central African Republic 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Chad 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Chile 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) China 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Colombia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Comoros 1995 2 21
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Congo, Democratic Republic of 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Congo, Republic of the 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Costa Rica 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cote d'Ivoire 1995 2 19
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Croatia 2000 6 12
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cuba 1990 7 19
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Cyprus 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Czech Republic 1993 1 1
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Denmark 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Djibouti 1992 5 7
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Dominica 1995 11 2
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Dominican Republic 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Ecuador 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Egypt 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) El Salvador 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Equatorial Guinea 1992 6 8
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Eritrea 1995 1 22
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Estonia 1992 10 20
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Ethiopia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) European Union 2015 7 8
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Fiji 1997 12 29
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Finland 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) France 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Gabon 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Gambia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Georgia 1996 12 12
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Germany 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Ghana 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Greece 1993 1 6
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Grenada 1999 11 28
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Guatemala 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Guinea 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Guinea-Bissau 1990 8 14
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Guyana 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Honduras 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Hungary 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Iceland 2000 4 2
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) India 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Indonesia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Iran 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Iraq 2014 5 6
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Ireland 2002 4 8
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Israel 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Italy 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Jamaica 1997 7 22
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Japan 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Jordan 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Kazakhstan 2000 4 19
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Kenya 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Korea, Republic of 1993 10 7
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Kuwait 2002 11 10
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Kyrgyzstan 2007 9 2
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Laos 2004 5 30
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Latvia 1997 5 12
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Lebanon 2013 5 26
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Lesotho 2003 12 30
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Liberia 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Libya 2003 4 28
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Liechtenstein 1990 1 18
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Lithuania 2002 3 9
Entry Into Force (Tacit Acceptance) Luxembourg 1990 1 18
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Membership status is coded as follows:
  • Countries included are those that have signed and/or ratified the agreement in question. This means that countries that have signed but failed to ratify an agreement will appear in the table but with a status of "0" in all years, since the agreement would only enter into force for them if/once they ratify.
  • Where the membership data source provides it, membership status is based on the year of entry into force.
  • Where the membership data source does not provide entry into force data, membership is inferred from the year of a country's ratification, so long as that year occurs after the entry into force year of the agreement.
  • Because status reflects entry into force, status is "0" for ALL countries from the date of signature of the agreement until the date the agreement enters into force generally.
  • NB: Membership status can return to 0 from 1 if a country withdraws from an agreement (and they may, subsequently, become a member again).
  • For membership actions by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data (countries as rows, years as columns), Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data in Stata format (3 columns: Country, Year, Membership Status), Click Here.
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 18 December 2018