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Version 2014.3
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IEA Database International Environmental Agreements (IEA)
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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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Membership Information for: Amendments To Appendices I and II To The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora (COP-7, 1989)

Signed: 1989-10-20; Entered into force: 1990-01-18
Source for membership data: 1989-10-20
Last downloaded: unknown; Last known update: unknown
This agreement's entry into force was based on the "tacit acceptance" procedure of its underlying agreement which is available here.
The amendment's specific text regarding entry into force was:
  • "CITES Agreement text: 'Amendments adopted at a meeting shall enter into force 90 days after that meeting for all Parties except those which make a reservation in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article. '"
NB: Some agreements allow all, or certain types of, amendments to enter into force "tacitly" for all countries that do not object to them by a given date (usually 90 days after passage of the amendment by the relevant institutional body).
In these cases, the IEA Database Project infers membership status in the amendment based on the entry into force date of the amendment, membership at that point in time for the agreement being amended, and the absence of any explicit objection by a state.
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the CITES Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information.If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director
Membership totals for each year are provided at the top and bottom of each column. For notes on membership coding rules, see the bottom of this page.
Country198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members010811211512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Afghanistan011111111111111111111111111100
Albania000000000000001111111111111100
Algeria011111111111111111111111111100
Angola000000000000000000000000111100
Antigua and Barbuda000000001111111111111111111100
Argentina011111111111111111111111111100
Armenia000000000000000000001111111100
Australia011111111111111111111111111100
Austria011111111111111111111111111100
Azerbaijan000000000011111111111111111100
Bahamas011111111111111111111111111100
Bahrain000000000000000000000001111100
Bangladesh011111111111111111111111111100
Barbados000011111111111111111111111100
Belarus000000111111111111111111111100
Belgium011111111111111111111111111100
Belize011111111111111111111111111100
Benin011111111111111111111111111100
Bhutan000000000000011111111111111100
Bolivia011111111111111111111111111100
Bosnia and Herzegovina000000000000000000001111111100
Botswana011111111111111111111111111100
Brazil011111111111111111111111111100
Brunei Darussalam011111111111111111111111111100
Bulgaria001111111111111111111111111100
Burkina Faso011111111111111111111111111100
Burundi011111111111111111111111111100
Cambodia000000001111111111111111111100
Cameroon011111111111111111111111111100
Canada011111111111111111111111111100
Cape Verde000000000000000011111111111100
Central African Republic011111111111111111111111111100
Chad011111111111111111111111111100
Chile011111111111111111111111111100
China011111111111111111111111111100
Colombia011111111111111111111111111100
Comoros000000111111111111111111111100
Congo, Democratic Republic of011111111111111111111111111100
Congo, Republic of the011111111111111111111111111100
Costa Rica011111111111111111111111111100
Cote d'Ivoire000000111111111111111111111100
Croatia000000000001111111111111111100
Cuba011111111111111111111111111100
Cyprus011111111111111111111111111100
Czech Republic000011111111111111111111111100
Czechoslovakia000000000000000000000000000000
Denmark011111111111111111111111111100
Djibouti000111111111111111111111111100
Dominica000000111111111111111111111100
Dominican Republic011111111111111111111111111100
Ecuador011111111111111111111111111100
Egypt011111111111111111111111111100
El Salvador011111111111111111111111111100
Equatorial Guinea000111111111111111111111111100
Eritrea000000111111111111111111111100
Estonia000111111111111111111111111100
Ethiopia011111111111111111111111111100
European Union000000000000000000000000001100
Fiji000000001111111111111111111100
Finland011111111111111111111111111100
France011111111111111111111111111100
Gabon011111111111111111111111111100
Gambia011111111111111111111111111100
Georgia000000011111111111111111111100
Germany011111111111111111111111111100
Ghana011111111111111111111111111100
Greece000011111111111111111111111100
Grenada000000000011111111111111111100
Guatemala011111111111111111111111111100
Guinea011111111111111111111111111100
Guinea-Bissau011111111111111111111111111100
Guyana011111111111111111111111111100
Honduras011111111111111111111111111100
Hungary011111111111111111111111111100
Iceland000000000001111111111111111100
India011111111111111111111111111100
Indonesia011111111111111111111111111100
Iran011111111111111111111111111100
Iraq000000000000000000000000011100
Ireland000000000000011111111111111100
Israel011111111111111111111111111100
Italy011111111111111111111111111100
Jamaica000000001111111111111111111100
Japan011111111111111111111111111100
Jordan011111111111111111111111111100
Kazakhstan000000000001111111111111111100
Kenya011111111111111111111111111100
Korea, Republic of000011111111111111111111111100
Kuwait000000000000011111111111111100
Kyrgyzstan000000000000000000111111111100
Laos000000000000000111111111111100
Latvia000000001111111111111111111100
Lebanon000000000000000000000000111100
Lesotho000000000000001111111111111100
Liberia011111111111111111111111111100
Libya000000000000001111111111111100
Liechtenstein011111111111111111111111111100
Lithuania000000000000011111111111111100
Luxembourg011111111111111111111111111100
Macedonia000000000001111111111111111100
Madagascar011111111111111111111111111100
Malawi011111111111111111111111111100
Malaysia011111111111111111111111111100
Maldives000000000000000000000000111100
Mali000001111111111111111111111100
Malta011111111111111111111111111100
Mauritania000000000111111111111111111100
Mauritius011111111111111111111111111100
Mexico001111111111111111111111111100
Moldova000000000000111111111111111100
Monaco011111111111111111111111111100
Mongolia000000011111111111111111111100
Montenegro000000000000000001111111111100
Morocco011111111111111111111111111100
Mozambique011111111111111111111111111100
Myanmar000000001111111111111111111100
Namibia001111111111111111111111111100
Nepal011111111111111111111111111100
Netherlands011111111111111111111111111100
New Zealand011111111111111111111111111100
Nicaragua011111111111111111111111111100
Niger011111111111111111111111111100
Nigeria011111111111111111111111111100
Norway011111111111111111111111111100
Oman000000000000000000011111111100
Pakistan011111111111111111111111111100
Palau000000000000000111111111111100
Panama011111111111111111111111111100
Papua New Guinea011111111111111111111111111100
Paraguay011111111111111111111111111100
Peru011111111111111111111111111100
Philippines011111111111111111111111111100
Poland011111111111111111111111111100
Portugal011111111111111111111111111100
Qatar000000000000111111111111111100
Romania000001111111111111111111111100
Russian Federation011111111111111111111111111100
Rwanda011111111111111111111111111100
Saint Kitts and Nevis000001111111111111111111111100
Saint Lucia011111111111111111111111111100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines011111111111111111111111111100
Samoa000000000000000011111111111100
San Marino000000000000000011111111111100
Sao Tome and Principe000000000000111111111111111100
Saudi Arabia000000011111111111111111111100
Senegal011111111111111111111111111100
Serbia000000000000011111111111111100
Seychelles011111111111111111111111111100
Sierra Leone000000111111111111111111111100
Singapore011111111111111111111111111100
Slovakia000011111111111111111111111100
Slovenia000000000001111111111111111100
Solomon Islands000000000000000000111111111100
Somalia011111111111111111111111111100
South Africa011111111111111111111111111100
Spain011111111111111111111111111100
Sri Lanka011111111111111111111111111100
Sudan011111111111111111111111111100
Suriname011111111111111111111111111100
Swaziland000000001111111111111111111100
Sweden011111111111111111111111111100
Switzerland011111111111111111111111111100
Syria000000000000001111111111111100
Tanzania011111111111111111111111111100
Thailand011111111111111111111111111100
Togo011111111111111111111111111100
Trinidad and Tobago011111111111111111111111111100
Tunisia011111111111111111111111111100
Turkey000000011111111111111111111100
Uganda001111111111111111111111111100
Ukraine000000000001111111111111111100
United Arab Emirates011111111111111111111111111100
United Kingdom011111111111111111111111111100
United States011111111111111111111111111100
Uruguay011111111111111111111111111100
Uzbekistan000000001111111111111111111100
Vanuatu011111111111111111111111111100
Venezuela011111111111111111111111111100
Viet Nam000001111111111111111111111100
Yemen000000001111111111111111111100
Zambia011111111111111111111111111100
Zimbabwe011111111111111111111111111100
Country198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members010811211512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Membership status is coded as follows:
  • Countries included are those that have signed and/or ratified the agreement in question. This means that countries that have signed but failed to ratify an agreement will appear in the table but with a status of "0" in all years, since the agreement would only enter into force for them if/once they ratify.
  • Where the membership data source provides it, membership status is based on the year of entry into force.
  • Where the membership data source does not provide entry into force data, membership is inferred from the year of a country's ratification, so long as that year occurs after the entry into force year of the agreement.
  • Because status reflects entry into force, status is "0" for ALL countries from the date of signature of the agreement until the date the agreement enters into force generally.
  • NB: Membership status can return to 0 from 1 if a country withdraws from an agreement (and they may, subsequently, become a member again).
  • For membership actions by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data (countries as rows, years as columns), Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data in Stata format (3 columns: Country, Year, Membership Status), Click Here.
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 20 September 2018