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Version 2014.3
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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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Membership Information for: Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora

Signed: 1973-03-03; Entered into force: 1975-07-01
Source for membership data: 2015-07-08
Last downloaded: unknown; Last known update: 177
The following is data currently in the IEA database for agreement actions. Agreement actions (signature, ratification, entry into force) can change frequently. The IEA Database Project updates this data approximately once a year and tries to ensure it is current and accurate. You are encouraged to visit the CITES Secretariat website to look for the most accurate and up-to-date membership information.If you have questions about this data or notice inaccuracies, please contact the Project Director
Membership totals for each year are provided at the top and bottom of each column. For notes on membership coding rules, see the bottom of this page.
Country1973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members00183138455359737680868891949510210811211512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Afghanistan0000000000000111111111111111111111111111111100
Albania0000000000000000000000000000001111111111111100
Algeria0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
Angola0000000000000000000000000000000000000000111100
Antigua and Barbuda0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Argentina0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Armenia0000000000000000000000000000000000001111111100
Australia0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Austria0000000001111111111111111111111111111111111100
Azerbaijan0000000000000000000000000011111111111111111100
Bahamas0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Bahrain0000000000000000000000000000000000000001111100
Bangladesh0000000001111111111111111111111111111111111100
Barbados0000000000000000000011111111111111111111111100
Belarus0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Belgium0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
Belize0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Benin0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
Bhutan0000000000000000000000000000011111111111111100
Bolivia0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Bosnia and Herzegovina0000000000000000000000000000000000001111111100
Botswana0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Brazil0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Brunei Darussalam0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
Bulgaria0000000000000000001111111111111111111111111100
Burkina Faso0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
Burundi0000000000000001111111111111111111111111111100
Cambodia0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Cameroon0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Canada0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Cape Verde0000000000000000000000000000000011111111111100
Central African Republic0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Chad0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Chile0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
China0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Colombia0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Comoros0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Congo, Democratic Republic of0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Congo, Republic of the0000000000111111111111111111111111111111111100
Costa Rica0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Cote d'Ivoire0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Croatia0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
Cuba0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
Cyprus0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Czech Republic0000000000000000000011111111111111111111111100
Czechoslovakia0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Denmark0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Djibouti0000000000000000000111111111111111111111111100
Dominica0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Dominican Republic0000000000000011111111111111111111111111111100
Ecuador0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Egypt0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
El Salvador0000000000000011111111111111111111111111111100
Equatorial Guinea0000000000000000000111111111111111111111111100
Eritrea0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Estonia0000000000000000000111111111111111111111111100
Ethiopia0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
European Union0000000000000000000000000000000000000000001100
Fiji0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Finland0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
France0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Gabon0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Gambia0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Georgia0000000000000000000000011111111111111111111100
Germany0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Ghana0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Greece0000000000000000000011111111111111111111111100
Grenada0000000000000000000000000011111111111111111100
Guatemala0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Guinea0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Guinea-Bissau0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
Guyana0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Honduras0000000000001111111111111111111111111111111100
Hungary0000000000001111111111111111111111111111111100
Iceland0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
India0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Indonesia0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Iran0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Iraq0000000000000000000000000000000000000000011100
Ireland0000000000000000000000000000011111111111111100
Israel0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Italy0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Jamaica0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Japan0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Jordan0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Kazakhstan0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
Kenya0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Korea, Republic of0000000000000000000011111111111111111111111100
Kuwait0000000000000000000000000000011111111111111100
Kyrgyzstan0000000000000000000000000000000000111111111100
Laos0000000000000000000000000000000111111111111100
Latvia0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Lebanon0000000000000000000000000000000000000000111100
Lesotho0000000000000000000000000000001111111111111100
Liberia0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Libya0000000000000000000000000000001111111111111100
Liechtenstein0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Lithuania0000000000000000000000000000011111111111111100
Luxembourg0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
Macedonia0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
Madagascar0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Malawi0000000001111111111111111111111111111111111100
Malaysia0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Maldives0000000000000000000000000000000000000000111100
Mali0000000000000000000001111111111111111111111100
Malta0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Mauritania0000000000000000000000000111111111111111111100
Mauritius0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Mexico0000000000000000001111111111111111111111111100
Moldova0000000000000000000000000000111111111111111100
Monaco0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Mongolia0000000000000000000000011111111111111111111100
Montenegro0000000000000000000000000000000001111111111100
Morocco0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Mozambique0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Myanmar0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Namibia0000000000000000001111111111111111111111111100
Nepal0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Netherlands0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
New Zealand0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Nicaragua0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Niger0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Nigeria0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Norway0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Oman0000000000000000000000000000000000011111111100
Pakistan0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Palau0000000000000000000000000000000111111111111100
Panama0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Papua New Guinea0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Paraguay0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Peru0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Philippines0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Poland0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
Portugal0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Qatar0000000000000000000000000000111111111111111100
Romania0000000000000000000001111111111111111111111100
Russian Federation0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Rwanda0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Saint Kitts and Nevis0000000000000000000001111111111111111111111100
Saint Lucia0000000000111111111111111111111111111111111100
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Samoa0000000000000000000000000000000011111111111100
San Marino0000000000000000000000000000000011111111111100
Sao Tome and Principe0000000000000000000000000000111111111111111100
Saudi Arabia0000000000000000000000011111111111111111111100
Senegal0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Serbia0000000000000000000000000000011111111111111100
Seychelles0000111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Sierra Leone0000000000000000000000111111111111111111111100
Singapore0000000000000011111111111111111111111111111100
Slovakia0000000000000000000011111111111111111111111100
Slovenia0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
Solomon Islands0000000000000000000000000000000000111111111100
Somalia0000000000000111111111111111111111111111111100
South Africa0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Spain0000000000000111111111111111111111111111111100
Sri Lanka0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Sudan0000000000111111111111111111111111111111111100
Suriname0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Swaziland0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Sweden0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Switzerland0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Syria0000000000000000000000000000001111111111111100
Tanzania0000000111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Thailand0000000000111111111111111111111111111111111100
Togo0000001111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Trinidad and Tobago0000000000011111111111111111111111111111111100
Tunisia0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Turkey0000000000000000000000011111111111111111111100
Uganda0000000000000000001111111111111111111111111100
Ukraine0000000000000000000000000001111111111111111100
United Arab Emirates0000000000000000011111111111111111111111111100
United Kingdom0001111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
United States0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Uruguay0011111111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Uzbekistan0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Vanuatu0000000000000000111111111111111111111111111100
Venezuela0000011111111111111111111111111111111111111100
Viet Nam0000000000000000000001111111111111111111111100
Yemen0000000000000000000000001111111111111111111100
Zambia0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Zimbabwe0000000011111111111111111111111111111111111100
Country1973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Members00183138455359737680868891949510210811211512012413013414314414615215516016416616917017217317517517517617918018118100
Membership status is coded as follows:
  • Countries included are those that have signed and/or ratified the agreement in question. This means that countries that have signed but failed to ratify an agreement will appear in the table but with a status of "0" in all years, since the agreement would only enter into force for them if/once they ratify.
  • Where the membership data source provides it, membership status is based on the year of entry into force.
  • Where the membership data source does not provide entry into force data, membership is inferred from the year of a country's ratification, so long as that year occurs after the entry into force year of the agreement.
  • Because status reflects entry into force, status is "0" for ALL countries from the date of signature of the agreement until the date the agreement enters into force generally.
  • NB: Membership status can return to 0 from 1 if a country withdraws from an agreement (and they may, subsequently, become a member again).
  • For membership actions by Action, Country, Year, Month, Day Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data (countries as rows, years as columns), Click Here.
  • For year-by-year status data in Stata format (3 columns: Country, Year, Membership Status), Click Here.
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 20 September 2018