Agreements by Date
Agreements by Subject
Agreements by Lineage
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IEA Project Contents
- Environmental instruments currently in the database:
|1597 Bilateral Environmental Agreements
|1270 Multilateral Environmental Agreements
|249 Other (non-multi, non-bi) Environmental Agreements
|209 Bilateral Environmental Non-binding Instruments (non-agreements)
|218 Multilateral Environmental Non-binding Instruments (non-agreements)
|96 Other (non-multi, non-bi) Environmental Non-binding Instruments (non-agreements)
On the distinctions made in coding agreements as Bilateral/Multilateral/Other and Agreements/Non-agreements, see the Definitions page.
- Agreement Lists: IEAs sorted by type
(Multilateral, Bilateral, Other) and by Signature Year and
- IEA Lineages: IEAs in "lineages" of
legally-related IEAs, to document legal developments from
"original" agreements in an issue area through all subsequent
agreements, protocols, amendments, etc.
- Coded IEAs: Each provision of over 150
"original" multilateral IEAs (MEAs) has been
"coded" into one or more of 33 categories that foster
comparison of agreements based on the similarities and differences in
their specific provisions.
- Performance Data: The Database provides a
repository for and access to an unprecedented number of datasets on
environmentally-related behaviors or environmental quality indicators
that are directly "mapped" to IEAs that have targeted those
behaviors or environmental amenities.
- Secretariats: The Database provides up-to-date
links to those secretariats responsible for the IEAs in the Database.
- Search Capabilities: The Database allows searches
of information in the database and full text searches of all agreements
for which electronic texts are available, allowing the user to generate
agreement lists that meet their own research needs.
Data Quality Caveats
- The Dataset currently focuses on MEAs and MEA-related data is, in most
cases, quite reliable. Data is less reliable for BEAs and other
agreements (e.g., those between countries and international
organizations and non-legally binding instruments. For all data, however,
note that the IEA Project, makes no guarantees of data accuracy (though
we try our best).
- The Database seeks to provide a historical record of agreements signed.
It is NOT a list of agreements in force, since it includes agreements that never entered into force,
have been terminated, etc.
- Dates are presented in YYYYMMDD format. Avoid misinterpreting
dates: 19890705 represents 5 July 1989 NOT 7 May 1989!