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2001: Agreement On The Conservation Of Albatrosses And Petrels

Related Lineage is: Conservation Migratory Species
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Title.1  Agreement On The Conservation Of Albatrosses And Petrels  TITL   
Src.1  Source: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/other/dfat/treaties/notinforce/2001/8.html (15 April 2004)  SRC   
Pre.1  THE CONTRACTING PARTIES,  DESC   
Pre.2  RECALLING that the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 1979, (the Convention) encourages international cooperative action to conserve and manage migratory species, and that its Parties are encouraged to conclude Agreements on wild animals which periodically cross national jurisdictional boundaries;  RELA   
Pre.3  CONSIDERING that the fifth meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention, held in Geneva in April 1997, listed all Southern Hemisphere albatross species on either Appendix I or II;  RELA   
Pre.4  RECALLING that the sixth meeting of the Conference of Parties to the Convention, held in South Africa in November 1999, listed a number of petrel species on Appendix II, noted the threats posed by fisheries by-catch in general to a wide range of species, and in particular to albatrosses and petrels, and requested relevant Parties to develop an Agreement, under the Convention, for the conservation of Southern Hemisphere albatrosses;  RELA   
Pre.5  APPRECIATING the work of the Group of Temperate Southern Hemisphere Countries on the Environment (known as the Valdivia Group) in considering the need to address the threats posed to Southern Hemisphere albatross populations, and the work of Australia in taking forward this need in the context of the Convention;  RELA   
Pre.6  RECOGNISING that albatrosses and petrels are an integral part of marine ecosystems which must be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations, and that their conservation is a matter of common concern, particularly in the Southern Hemisphere;     
Pre.7  AWARE that the conservation status of albatrosses and petrels can be adversely affected by factors such as degradation and disturbance of their habitats, pollution, reduction of food resources, use and abandonment of non-selective fishing gear, and specifically by incidental mortality as a result of commercial fishing activities;     
Pre.8  CONVINCED that the vulnerability of Southern Hemisphere albatrosses and petrels to such threats warrants the implementation of specific conservation measures, where they do not already exist, by Range States;     
Pre.9  ACKNOWLEDGING that, notwithstanding past or ongoing scientific research, knowledge of the biology, ecology and population dynamics of albatrosses and petrels is limited, and that it is necessary to develop cooperative research and monitoring of these species in order to implement fully effective and efficient conservation measures;  SCIR   
Pre.10  CONSCIOUS of the cultural significance of albatrosses and petrels to some indigenous peoples;     
Pre.11  CONVINCED that the conclusion of a multilateral agreement and its implementation through coordinated, concerted actions will contribute significantly to the conservation of Southern Hemisphere albatrosses and petrels and their habitats in the most effective and efficient manner;     
Pre.12  NOTING that Northern Hemisphere albatrosses and petrels may in future benefit from incorporation into this Agreement with a view to promoting co-ordinated conservation actions between Range States;     
Pre.13  RECALLING the obligation in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, to protect and preserve the marine environment;  RELA   
Pre.14  RECOGNISING the significance of the Antarctic Treaty, 1959, and the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, 1980, whose Commission has adopted conservation measures to reduce incidental catch within the area of application of that Convention, particularly of albatrosses and petrels;  RELA   
Pre.15  RECOGNISING further that the Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, 1992, enables its Commission to adopt conservation measures to reduce the incidental catch of seabirds;  RELA   
Pre.16  ACKNOWLEDGING that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries was adopted in 1999, and that a number of conventions relating to the conservation and management of marine living resources have the capacity to contribute positively to the conservation of albatrosses and petrels;  RELA   
Pre.17  RECOGNISING the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992, Principle 15, that, in order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach should be widely applied;  RELA   
Pre.18  RECALLING further that the Convention on Biological Diversity, 1992, obliges its Parties to cooperate with each other or through competent international organisations to conserve biological diversity,  RELA   
Pre.19  HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:     
Art.1  ARTICLE I  SCOP DEFN MEMB   
Art.1.1  1. This Agreement shall apply to the species of albatrosses and petrels listed in Annex 1 to this Agreement, and their range as defined in paragraph 2(i) of this Article.  ATTACH   
Art.1.2  2. For the purpose of this Agreement:     
Art.1.2.a  a) "Albatross" and/or "petrel" means one of any species, subspecies or population of the albatrosses and/or, as the case may be, petrels listed in Annex 1 to this Agreement;     
Art.1.2.b  b) "Secretariat" means the body established under Article VIII of this Agreement;     
Art.1.2.c  c) "Convention" means the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 1979;     
Art.1.2.d  d) "UNCLOS" means the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982;     
Art.1.2.e  e) "CCAMLR" means the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, 1980;     
Art.1.2.f  f) "Convention Secretariat" means the body established under Article IX of the Convention;     
Art.1.2.g  g) "Advisory Committee" means the body established under Article IX of this Agreement;     
Art.1.2.h  h) "Party" means, unless the context otherwise indicates, a State or regional economic integration organisation that is a Party to this Agreement;     
Art.1.2.i  i) "Range" means all the areas of land or water that any albatross or petrel inhabits, stays in temporarily, crosses, or over-flies at any time on its normal migration routes;     
Art.1.2.j  j) "Habitat" means any area which contains suitable living conditions for albatrosses and/or petrels;     
Art.1.2.k  k) "Parties present and voting" means the Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote; those abstaining from voting shall not be counted amongst the Parties present and voting;     
Art.1.2.l  l) "Migratory species" means the entire population or any geographically separate part of the population of any species or lower taxon of wild animals, a significant proportion of whose members cyclically and predictably cross one or more national boundaries;     
Art.1.2.m  m) "Conservation status of a migratory species" means the sum of the influences acting on the migratory species that may affect its long-term distribution and abundance;     
Art.1.2.n  n) Conservation status will be taken as "favourable" when all of the following conditions are met:     
Art.1.2.n.i  i. population dynamics data indicate that the migratory species is maintaining itself on a long-term basis;     
Art.1.2.n.ii  ii. the range of the migratory species is neither currently being reduced, nor is likely to be reduced, on a long-term basis;     
Art.1.2.n.iii  iii. there is, and will be in the foreseeable future, sufficient habitat to maintain the population of the migratory species on a long-term basis; and     
Art.1.2.n.iv  iv. the distribution and abundance of the migratory species approach historic coverage and levels to the extent that potentially suitable ecosystems exist and to the extent consistent with wise wildlife management;     
Art.1.2.o  o) Conservation status will be taken as "unfavourable" if any of the conditions set out in sub-paragraph n) of this paragraph is not met;     
Art.1.2.p  p) "Range State" means any State that exercises jurisdiction over any part of the range of albatrosses or petrels, or a State, flag vessels of which are engaged outside its national jurisdictional limits in taking, or which have the potential to take, albatrosses and petrels;     
Art.1.2.q  q) "Taking" means taking, hunting, fishing, capturing, harassing, deliberate killing or attempting to engage in any such conduct; and     
Art.1.2.r  r) "Regional economic integration organisation" means an organisation constituted by sovereign States of a given region which has competence in respect of matters governed by this Agreement and has been duly authorised, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept approve or accede to this Agreement.     
Art.1.3  3. Any regional economic integration organisation which becomes a Party to the Agreement without any of its member States being a Party to the Agreement shall be bound by all the obligations under the Agreement. Where one or more member States of such an organisation are also Party to the Agreement, the organisation and its member States shall decide on their respective responsibilities for the performance of their obligations under the Agreement. In such cases, the organisation and the member States shall not be entitled to exercise rights under the Agreement concurrently.     
Art.1.4  4. In their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, regional economic integration organisations shall declare the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by the Agreement. They shall also promptly inform the Depository, who shall in turn inform the Parties, of any substantial modification in the extent of their competence.     
Art.1.5  5. This Agreement is an AGREEMENT within the meaning of Article IV (3) of the Convention.  RELA   
Art.1.6  6. The annexes to this Agreement form an integral part thereof. Any reference to the Agreement includes a reference to its annexes.  ATTACH   
Art.2  ARTICLE II  GOAL SUBS   
Art.2.1  1. The objective of this Agreement is to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for albatrosses and petrels.     
Art.2.2  2. The Parties shall take measures, both individually and together, to achieve this objective.     
Art.2.3  3. In implementing such measures the Parties shall widely apply the precautionary approach. In particular, where there are threats of serious or irreversible adverse impacts or damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing measures to enhance the conservation status of albatrosses and petrels.     
Art.3  ARTICLE III  SUBS   
Art.3.1  1. In furtherance of their obligation to take measures to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for albatrosses and petrels, the Parties, having regard to Article XIII, shall:     
Art.3.1.a  a) conserve and, where feasible and appropriate, restore those habitats which are of importance to albatrosses and petrels;     
Art.3.1.b  b) eliminate or control non-native species detrimental to albatrosses and petrels;     
Art.3.1.c  c) develop and implement measures to prevent, remove, minimize or mitigate the adverse effects of activities that may influence the conservation status of albatrosses and petrels;     
Art.3.1.d  d) initiate or support research into the effective conservation of albatrosses and petrels;  SCIR   
Art.3.1.e  e) ensure the existence and appropriateness of training for, inter alia, the implementation of conservation measures;  INFO   
Art.3.1.f  f) develop and maintain programmes to raise awareness and understanding of albatross and petrel conservation issues;     
Art.3.1.g  g) exchange information and results from albatross and petrel, and other relevant, conservation programmes; and  INFO   
Art.3.1.h  h) support the implementation of the actions elaborated in the FAO International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries which complement the objectives of this Agreement.  RELA   
Art.3.2  2. The Parties shall, subject to paragraphs 3 to 5 of this Article, prohibit the deliberate taking of, or harmful interference with, albatrosses and petrels, their eggs, or their breeding sites.     
Art.3.3  3. Parties may grant an exemption to the prohibitions in paragraph 2 of this Article, but only if there is no other satisfactory course of action and the exemption is made for one of the following purposes:     
Art.3.3.a  a) to enhance the propagation, re-establishment or survival of albatrosses or petrels;     
Art.3.3.b  b) on a selective basis and to a limited extent for scientific, educational or similar purposes;  SCIR   
Art.3.3.c  c) to accommodate the traditional needs and practices of indigenous peoples; or  SOVR   
Art.3.3.d  d) in other exceptional circumstances, in which case, unless an exceptional circumstance is of the nature of a short-term emergency, a prior environmental impact assessment shall be carried out and made publicly available in accordance with requirements in the Action Plan established by Article VI.  INFO   
Art.3.4  4. Any exemption under paragraph 3 of this Article, shall be precise, and limited in space and time, and shall not operate to the detriment of the conservation status of albatrosses or petrels. Any Parties granting such exemptions shall, as soon as possible, submit full details of them to the Secretariat.  INFO   
Art.3.5  5. Humane killing, by duly authorised persons, to end the suffering of seriously injured or moribund albatrosses or petrels shall not constitute deliberate taking or harmful interference.     
Art.3.6  6. In furtherance of their obligation to take measures to achieve and maintain a favourable conservation status for albatrosses or petrels, the Parties shall progressively implement the Action Plan.     
Art.4  ARTICLE IV  FINPR SBS   
Art.4.1  1. Effective implementation of this Agreement requires assistance to be provided to some Range States, including through research, training or monitoring for implementation of conservation measures for albatrosses and petrels and their habitats, for the management of those habitats as well as for the establishment or improvement of scientific and administrative institutions for the implementation of this Agreement.  SCIR INFO   
Art.4.2  2. The Parties shall give priority to capacity building, through funding, training, information and institutional support, for the implementation of the Agreement.  INFO   
Art.5  ARTICLE V  SUBS   
Art.5.1x  The Parties shall cooperate, having regard to the Action Plan, to:     
Art.5.1x.a  a) develop systems for collecting and analysing data, and exchanging information;  INFO   
Art.5.1x.b  b) exchange information regarding adoption and enforcement of legislative and other management approaches to conservation of albatrosses and petrels;  INFO   
Art.5.1x.c  c) implement education and awareness programmes for users of areas where albatrosses and petrels may be encountered;  INFO   
Art.5.1x.d  d) design and implement comprehensive programmes for public information in relation to the conservation of albatrosses and petrels;  INFO   
Art.5.1x.e  e) develop and implement training programmes on conservation techniques and measures to mitigate threats affecting albatrosses and petrels; and  INFO   
Art.5.1x.f  f) undertake exchange of expertise, techniques and knowledge.  INFO   
Art.6  ARTICLE VI  SUBS REVW HOBF AMND   
Art.6.1  1. Annex 2 of this Agreement shall have effect as an Action Plan for the achievement and maintenance of a favourable conservation status for albatrosses and petrels.  ATTACH   
Art.6.2  2. With due consideration to the capabilities of Parties to implement such actions, and with specific reference to Article IV, the Action Plan shall at all times set out the actions that the Parties shall progressively undertake in relation to albatrosses and petrels, consistent with the general conservation measures specified in Article III, including:     
Art.6.2.a  a) species conservation;     
Art.6.2.b  b) habitat conservation and restoration;     
Art.6.2.c  c) management of human activities;     
Art.6.2.d  d) research and monitoring;  SCIR   
Art.6.2.e  e) collation of information;     
Art.6.2.f  f) education and public awareness; and     
Art.6.2.g  g) implementation.     
Art.6.3  3. Progress in implementing the Action Plan shall be assessed at each ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties and the content of the Action Plan reviewed in light of that assessment.     
Art.6.4  4. The Meeting of Parties shall consider any proposed amendment to the Action Plan in the light of the provisions of Article III before deciding on its adoption in accordance with Article XII.     
Art.7  ARTICLE VII  SUBS IMPL NATBS FINAD HOBF FINPR   
Art.7.1  1. Each Party shall:     
Art.7.1.a  a) designate an Authority or Authorities to undertake, monitor and control all activities carried on with a view to the supervision, application and enforcement of this Agreement. Such Authority or Authorities shall, inter alia, monitor all activities that may have an impact on the conservation status of those albatross and petrel species for which the Party is a Range State;     
Art.7.1.b  b) designate a Contact Point and communicate without delay its name and address to the Secretariat to be circulated forthwith to the other Parties; and     
Art.7.1.c  c) in relation to each ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties, beginning with the second session, provide information through the Secretariat to the Advisory Committee so that it may prepare a synthesised report on the implementation of the Agreement, with particular reference to the conservation measures undertaken, in accordance with Article IX (6)     
Art.7.1.d  d). Such an Authority or Authorities and Contact Point shall be the central Government Ministry or agency, as the case may be, responsible for the administration of this Agreement.     
Art.7.2.a  2. a) Decisions relating to the budget and any scale of contributions shall be adopted by the Meeting of the Parties by consensus, having regard to the differing resources of the different Parties.     
Art.7.2.b  b) If consensus cannot be reached, the previously approved budget shall continue to apply until superseded by a new, agreed budget.     
Art.7.2.c  c) Following the accession of any new Party, the Meeting of the Parties shall, at its next session, review and replace the scale of contributions unless it agrees such review and replacement to be inappropriate.     
Art.7.3  3. The Meeting of the Parties may establish a fund from voluntary contributions of Parties or from any other source for the purpose of work relating to the conservation of albatrosses and petrels, including monitoring, research, technical development, training, education and habitat management. No surcharge shall be levied on such voluntary contributions or on such a fund to meet administrative overheads of the Secretariat or any organisation providing services to it.  SCIR   
Art.7.4  4. The Parties shall, in support of their obligations under Article IV, endeavour to provide training, technical and financial support to other Parties on a multilateral or bilateral basis to assist them in implementing the provisions of this Agreement. No surcharge shall be levied on the costs of such training, technical or financial support to meet administrative overheads of the Secretariat or any organisation providing services to it.     
Art.7.5  5. A fund may be used to meet expenses related to the participation of Party representatives in sessions of the Meeting of the Parties and the Advisory Committee. This shall not preclude such expenses being met by other arrangements, bilateral or otherwise.     
Art.8  ARTICLE VIII  HOBS SECF FINAD HOBF SBS SECS AMND   
Art.8.1  1. The Meeting of the Parties shall be the decision-making body of this Agreement.     
Art.8.2  2. The Depositary shall, in consultation with the Convention Secretariat, convene a session of the Meeting of the Parties not later than one year after the date of the entry into force of this Agreement. Ordinary sessions of the Meeting of the Parties shall be held at intervals of not more than three years, unless the Meeting of the Parties decides otherwise.     
Art.8.3  3. On the written request of at least one third of the Parties, the Secretariat shall convene an extraordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties.     
Art.8.4  4. The Meeting of the Parties shall make provision in its rules of procedure, adopted in accordance with paragraph 11 of this Article, for governing the attendance and participation of observers and to provide for transparency in the activities relating to the Agreement. Such rules shall not be unduly restrictive in this respect and shall provide for timely access to the records and reports relating to the Agreement. The Meeting of the Parties shall adopt such rules of procedure, taking account of potential costs, as soon as possible.     
Art.8.5  5. Any State not a Party to the Agreement, the United Nations, any specialised Agency of the United Nations, any regional economic integration organisation, and any secretariat of relevant international conventions, particularly those concerned with the conservation and management of marine living resources or the conservation of albatrosses and petrels, may participate as observers in sessions of the Meeting of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies. Such participation shall be subject to the rules of procedure.  RELA   
Art.8.6  6. Any relevant scientific, environmental, cultural or technical body concerned with the conservation and management of marine living resources or the conservation of albatrosses and petrels, may participate as an observer in sessions of the Meeting of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies. Such participation shall be subject to the rules of procedure. Rules of procedure in relation to this paragraph, including provision for the attendance of observers, may include provision for voting different from that in paragraph 9 of this Article.  SCIR   
Art.8.7  7. Each Party shall have one vote, but regional economic integration organisations which are Parties to this Agreement shall, in matters within their competence, exercise their right to vote with a number of votes equal to the number of their Member States which are Parties to the Agreement. A regional economic integration organisation shall not exercise its right to vote if its Member States exercise theirs, and vice versa.     
Art.8.8  8. The Meeting of the Parties shall establish and keep under review the financial regulations of this Agreement. The Meeting of the Parties shall, at each of its ordinary sessions, adopt a budget for the next financial period. Financial regulations, including the provisions of the budget and scale of contributions as well as their modifications, shall be adopted by consensus.     
Art.8.9  9. Unless provided otherwise in this Agreement, decisions of the Meeting of the Parties shall be adopted by consensus or, if consensus cannot be achieved, by a two-thirds majority of the Parties present and voting.     
Art.8.10  10. The Meeting of the Parties may require any information relevant to the effective functioning of this Agreement to be supplied to the Parties by way of the Secretariat, in addition to the information required by Article VII (1) c).  INFO   
Art.8.11  11. At its first session, the Meeting of the Parties shall:     
Art.8.11.a  a) adopt its rules of procedure by consensus;     
Art.8.11.b  b) determine the financial arrangements, a scale of contributions and a budget by consensus;     
Art.8.11.c  c) establish a Secretariat to perform the secretariat functions listed in Article X of this Agreement;     
Art.8.11.d  d) establish the Advisory Committee provided for in Article IX of this Agreement; and     
Art.8.11.e  e) adopt criteria to define emergency situations that require urgent conservation measures and determine the modalities for assigning responsibility for action to be taken.     
Art.8.12  12. At each of its ordinary sessions, the Meeting of the Parties shall:     
Art.8.12.a  a) consider reports, advice and information from any of its subsidiary bodies;     
Art.8.12.b  b) consider actual and potential changes in the conservation status of albatrosses and petrels, and the habitats important for their survival, as well as the factors that may affect them;     
Art.8.12.c  c) review any difficulty encountered in the implementation of this Agreement;     
Art.8.12.d  d) consider any matters relating to the financial arrangements for this Agreement and adopt a budget by consensus;     
Art.8.12.e  e) deal with any matter relating to the Secretariat, and membership and funding of the Advisory Committee;     
Art.8.12.f  f) adopt a report to be communicated to the Parties to this Agreement and to the Conference of the Parties of the Convention; and     
Art.8.12.g  g) determine the time and venue of its next session.     
Art.8.13  13. At any of its sessions, the Meeting of the Parties may:     
Art.8.13.a  a) amend the rules of procedure;     
Art.8.13.b  b) make such recommendations as it deems necessary or appropriate;     
Art.8.13.c  c) adopt measures to improve the effectiveness of this Agreement and, as the case may be, emergency measures as provided for in Article IX (7) of this Agreement;     
Art.8.13.d  d) consider and decide upon proposals to amend this Agreement;     
Art.8.13.e  e) amend Annex 1;  ATTACH   
Art.8.13.f  f) amend the Action Plan in accordance with Article VI (4) of this Agreement;     
Art.8.13.g  g) establish such subsidiary bodies as it deems necessary to assist in the implementation of this Agreement, in particular for coordination with bodies established under other relevant international treaties;     
Art.8.13.h  h) vary any time limits set in this Agreement for the submission of documents or otherwise; and     
Art.8.13.i  i) decide on any other matter relating to the implementation of this Agreement.     
Art.8.14  14. At every third session of the Meeting of the Parties, it shall review the effectiveness of the Secretariat in facilitating the achievement of the objectives of this Agreement. The previous session of the Meeting of the Parties shall agree the Terms of Reference for the review.     
Art.8.15  15. The Meeting of the Parties may adopt by consensus provisions for the relationship to this Agreement by any member economy of the Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation forum whose vessels fish within the range of albatrosses and petrels. Those provisions, once adopted, shall enable the member economy to participate in the work of the Meeting of the Parties and its subsidiary bodies, including decision-making, and to comply with all obligations under this Agreement. For this purpose, references under those provisions to those participating in the Meeting of the Parties or its subsidiary bodies shall include such a member economy as well as Parties.  RELA   
Art.9  ARTICLE IX  HOBF SBS SBF FINAD   
Art.9.1  1. The Meeting of the Parties shall establish an Advisory Committee ("the Committee") to provide expert advice and information to Parties, the Secretariat and others.     
Art.9.2  2. Each Party shall be entitled to appoint one member to the Committee. Each Committee member may be accompanied by one or more advisers.     
Art.9.3  3. The Committee may invite other experts to attend its meetings. It may establish working groups.     
Art.9.4  4. The Parties shall seek to support the expenses of experts attending meetings of the Committee so as to optimise the contributions of all Parties to achieving the objective of the Agreement.     
Art.9.5  5. The Committee shall elect a Chair and Vice-chair and establish its own rules of procedure.     
Art.9.6  6. The Committee shall:     
Art.9.6.a  a) provide scientific, technical and other advice and information to the Meeting of the Parties and, through the Secretariat, to the Parties;  SCIR INFO   
Art.9.6.b  b) endorse a standard reference text listing the taxonomy and maintain a listing of taxonomic synonyms for all species covered by the Agreement;     
Art.9.6.c  c) make recommendations to the Meeting of the Parties concerning the Action Plan, implementation of the Agreement and further research to be carried out;     
Art.9.6.d  d) prepare a report to each ordinary Meeting of the Parties after the first on the implementation of the Agreement, with particular reference to the Action Plan and the conservation measures undertaken. Each such report shall include a synthesis of such information as Parties are required to submit to the Committee through the Secretariat under Article VII (1) c), and an assessment of the status and trends of albatross and petrel populations, but:  INFO   
Art.9.6.d.i  i) the format of such reports from the Committee shall be determined by the first session of the Meeting of the Parties and reviewed as may be necessary at any subsequent session of the Meeting of the Parties; and the nature of the information to be provided by the Parties shall be determined by the Committee at its first meeting, subject to any direction from the Meeting of the Parties, and reviewed as may be necessary at any subsequent meeting; and     
Art.9.6.d.ii  ii) each such report from the Committee shall be submitted to the Secretariat not less than one hundred and twenty days before the ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties at which it is to be discussed; and, subject to any direction from the Meeting of the Parties, the Committee may set such prior time limits for the submission of information by Parties for this purpose as it may from time to time see fit;     
Art.9.6.e  e) submit to the Secretariat for circulation to the Parties, not less than one hundred and twenty days before each ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties, a report on its own activities;  INFO   
Art.9.6.f  f) develop a system of indicators to measure the collective success of the Parties to the Agreement in addressing the objective set out in Article II (1), and subsequently apply it in the reports made under paragraph 6(d) of this Article; and     
Art.9.6.g  g) carry out any other appropriate tasks referred to it by the Meeting of the Parties.     
Art.9.7  7. Where, in the opinion of the Committee, there has arisen an emergency that requires the adoption of immediate measures to avoid deterioration of the conservation status of one or more albatross or petrel species, the Committee may request the Secretariat to convene urgently a meeting of the Parties concerned. These Parties shall meet as soon as possible thereafter to establish a mechanism with a view to giving protection to the species identified as being subject to a threat. Where a recommendation has been adopted at such a meeting, the Parties concerned shall inform each other and the Secretariat of the measures they have taken to implement it, or of the reasons why the recommendation could not be implemented.     
Art.9.8  8. The Committee may incur such expenditure from the budget of the Agreement as may be authorised by the Meeting of the Parties under Article VIII (12) e).     
Art.10  ARTICLE X  SECF FINAD   
Art.10.1x  The functions of the Secretariat shall be:     
Art.10.1x.a  a) to arrange and service the sessions of the Meeting of the Parties as well as the meetings of the Advisory Committee;     
Art.10.1x.b  b) to execute the decisions addressed to it by the Meeting of the Parties;     
Art.10.1x.c  c) to promote and coordinate activities under the Agreement, including the Action Plan, in accordance with decisions of the Meeting of the Parties;     
Art.10.1x.d  d) to liaise with non-Party Range States and regional economic integration organisations and to facilitate coordination between Parties and non-Party Range States, and international and national organisations and institutions whose activities are directly or indirectly relevant to the conservation, including the protection and management, of albatrosses and petrels;     
Art.10.1x.e  e) to invite the attention of the Meeting of the Parties to matters pertaining to the objectives of this Agreement;     
Art.10.1x.f  f) to provide to each ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties a report on its work;  INFO   
Art.10.1x.g  g) to administer the budget for the Agreement and, if established, the fund provided for in Article VII (3);     
Art.10.1x.h  h) to provide information to the general public concerning the Agreement and its objectives, and promote the objectives of this Agreement;  INFO   
Art.10.1x.i  i) to develop a system of performance indicators to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of the Secretariat and report to each ordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties in terms of these;     
Art.10.1x.j  j) to collate as appropriate information provided by Parties through the Secretariat under Article VII (1) c) and Article VIII (10); and     
Art.10.1x.k  k) to perform such other functions as may be entrusted to it by or under the Agreement.     
Art.11  ARTICLE XI  SUBS SECF   
Art.11.1  1. The Parties shall promote the objectives of this Agreement and develop and maintain coordinated and complementary working relationships with all relevant international, regional and sub-regional bodies, including those concerned with the conservation and management of seabirds and their habitats and other marine living resources, particularly with the Commission of CCAMLR and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, particularly in the context of the International Plan of Action for Reducing Incidental Catch of Seabirds in Longline Fisheries.  RELA   
Art.11.2  2. The Secretariat shall consult and cooperate, where appropriate, with:     
Art.11.2.a  a) the Convention Secretariat, and the bodies responsible for secretariat functions under Agreements concluded pursuant to Article IV (3) and (4), of the Convention, that are relevant to albatrosses and petrels;  RELA   
Art.11.2.b  b) the secretariats of other relevant conventions and international instruments in respect of matters of common interest; and     
Art.11.2.c  c) other organisations or institutions with competence in the field of conservation of albatrosses and petrels and their habitats, as well as in the fields of research, education and awareness raising, including the Committee for Environmental Protection established under the Protocol for Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty.  SCIR RELA   
Art.11.3  3. The Secretariat may enter into arrangements, with the approval of the Meeting of Parties, with other organisations and institutions as may be appropriate.     
Art.11.4  4. The Secretariat shall consult and cooperate with these bodies in exchanging information and data, and may, with the consent of the Chair of the Advisory Committee, invite these bodies to send observers to relevant meetings.  INFO   
Art.12  ARTICLE XII  AMND SECF DEPO EIF RESV   
Art.12.1  1. This Agreement may be amended at any ordinary or extraordinary session of the Meeting of the Parties.     
Art.12.2  2. Any Party may make proposals for amendment.     
Art.12.3  3. The text of any proposed amendment and the reasons for it shall be communicated to the Secretariat not less than one hundred and fifty days before the opening of the session. The Secretariat shall transmit copies of any proposed amendment forthwith to the Parties. Any comments on a proposed amendment by the Parties shall be communicated to the Secretariat not less than sixty days before the opening of the session. The Secretariat shall, as soon as possible after the last day for submission of comments, communicate to the Parties all comments submitted by that day.     
Art.12.4  4. An amendment to the Agreement, other than an amendment to its annexes, shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the Parties present and voting. Parties accepting the amendment shall deposit their instruments of acceptance with the Depositary. Amendments enter into force for accepting Parties on the thirtieth day after the date on which two-thirds of the Parties to the Agreement on the date of the amendment's adoption have deposited their instruments of acceptance. For each Party that deposits an instrument of acceptance after the date on which two-thirds of the Parties have deposited their instruments of acceptance, the amendment shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which it deposits its instrument of acceptance.  ATTACH   
Art.12.5  5. Any additional annex or amendment to an annex shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the Parties present and voting and shall enter into force for all Parties on the ninetieth day after the date of its adoption by the Meeting of the Parties, except for Parties that have entered a reservation in accordance with paragraph 6 of this Article.  ATTACH   
Art.12.6  6. During the period of ninety days provided for in paragraph 5 of this Article, any Party may, by written notification to the Depositary, enter a reservation with respect to an additional annex or an amendment to an annex. Such reservation may be withdrawn at any time by written notification to the Depositary, and the additional annex or the amendment shall enter into force for that Party on the thirtieth day after the date of withdrawal of the reservation.  ATTACH   
Art.13  ARTICLE XIII     
Art.13.1  1. For the purposes of this Agreement:     
Art.13.1.a  a) nothing in this Agreement shall derogate from the rights and obligations of any Party deriving from existing international treaties, particularly in relation to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and also to the Antarctic Treaty and CCAMLR and especially Article IV in both instruments;  RELA SOVR   
Art.13.1.b  b) with respect to the Antarctic Treaty area, all Parties, whether or not they are Parties to the Antarctic Treaty, shall be bound by Articles IV and VI of the Antarctic Treaty in their relations with each other;  RELA SOVR   
Art.13.1.c  c) nothing in this Agreement and no acts or activities taking place while the present Agreement is in force shall:  SOVR   
Art.13.1.c.i  i) be interpreted as a renunciation or diminution by any Party of, or as prejudicing, any right or claim or basis of claim to territorial sovereignty or to the exercise of coastal state jurisdiction under international law within the area to which this Agreement applies; or  SOVR   
Art.13.1.c.ii  ii) be interpreted as prejudicing the position of any Party as regards its recognition or non-recognition of any such right, claim or basis of claim.  SOVR   
Art.13.2  2. In relation to fishing activities under the auspices of a regional fisheries organisation, or other organisations managing marine living resources more generally, such as the Commission of CCAMLR, the Parties shall consider information and evaluations from that organisation, and shall adopt, in its area of competence, the measures agreed by that organisation for reducing the incidental taking of albatrosses and petrels. Notwithstanding this, and in conformity with paragraph 3 of this Article, the Parties may implement measures that are more strict than those measures, when such measures are within their competency, taking account of the provisions of Article I (3).  RELA SOVR   
Art.13.3  3. The provisions of this Agreement shall in no way affect the right of any Party to maintain or adopt stricter measures for the conservation of albatrosses and petrels and their habitats.  SOVR   
Art.14  ARTICLE XIV  DISP SBS SBF HOBF   
Art.14.1  1. Parties shall co-operate in order to avoid disputes.     
Art.14.2  2. Where a dispute between two or more Parties is agreed to be of a technical nature, the Parties shall confer with each other and the Chair of the Advisory Committee with a view to resolving the dispute amicably. Where the Parties are unable to resolve the dispute within twelve months of the Chair having been informed in writing of the dispute by one of the parties, and prolongation of the dispute could, in the view of the Chair, have an adverse effect on the conservation status of albatrosses and petrels listed in this Agreement, they shall refer the dispute to a technical arbitration panel.     
Art.14.3  3. The technical arbitration panel shall be established by the Chair of the Advisory Committee, in consultation with the Parties in dispute, and shall be drawn from members of the Advisory Committee, and such other experts as necessary. The panel shall confer with the Parties in dispute and endeavour to reach a final decision within five months of establishment of the panel. That decision shall be binding on the Parties in dispute.     
Art.14.4  4. The procedures relating to technical arbitration panels and other procedures to resolve disputes shall be determined by the Meeting of the Parties.     
Art.14.5  5. Any other dispute, that may arise between two or more Parties with respect specifically to the interpretation or application of this Agreement, shall be subject to the provisions of Article XIII of the Convention, which shall apply whether or not the Parties to the dispute are also Parties to the Convention.  RELA   
Art.14.6  6. This Article does not preclude the application of the dispute settlement provisions of any other treaty in force between the Parties in dispute in relation to disputes covered by those provisions.  SOVR   
Art.15  ARTICLE XV  MEMB DEPO   
Art.15.1  1. This Agreement shall be open for signature by any Range State or regional economic integration organisation, whether or not areas under its jurisdiction lie within the area of this Agreement, by:     
Art.15.1.a  a) Signature without reservation in respect of ratification, acceptance or approval; or     
Art.15.1.b  b) Signature with reservation in respect of ratification, acceptance or approval, followed by ratification, acceptance or approval.     
Art.15.2  2. This Agreement shall remain open for signature at Canberra until the date of its entry into force.     
Art.15.3  3. This Agreement shall be open for accession by any Range State or regional economic integration organisation on and after the date of its entry into force.     
Art.15.4  4. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the Depositary.     
Art.16  ARTICLE XVI  EIF   
Art.16.1  1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the first day of the third month after at least five Range States or regional economic integration organisations have signed without reservation in respect of ratification, acceptance or approval, or have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval in accordance with Article XV.     
Art.16.2  2. For any Range State or regional economic integration organisation which has:     
Art.16.2.a  a) signed without reservation in respect of ratification, acceptance, or approval;     
Art.16.2.b  b) ratified, accepted, or approved; or     
Art.16.2.c  c) acceded to     
Art.16.2.dx  this Agreement after the date on which the number of Range States or regional economic integration organisations necessary to enable entry into force have signed it without reservation or have ratified, accepted or approved it, this Agreement shall enter into force on the first day of the third month following the signature without reservation, or deposit, by that State or regional economic integration organisation of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.     
Art.17  ARTICLE XVII  RESV   
Art.17.1  1. The provisions of this Agreement shall not be subject to general reservations.     
Art.17.2  2. However, a specific reservation in respect of any species covered by the Agreement or any specific provision of the Action Plan may be entered by any Range State or regional economic integration organisation on signature without qualification in respect of ratification, acceptance or approval or, as the case may be, on depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.     
Art.17.3  3. Such a reservation may be withdrawn at any time by the Range State or regional economic integration organisation which had entered it, by notification in writing to the Depositary. Such a State or regional economic integration organisation shall not be bound by the provisions that are the object of the reservation until thirty days after the date on which the reservation has been withdrawn.     
Art.17.4  4. The provisions contained in paragraph 1 of this Article do not preclude a Party to this Agreement that is not a Party to the Convention from making declarations or statements to the effect of clarifying its status vis-à-vis each instrument, provided that such declarations or statements do not purport to exclude or to modify the legal effect of the provisions of this Agreement in their application to that Party.  RELA   
Art.18  ARTICLE XVIII  RESV   
Art.18.1x  A Party may denounce this Agreement by written notification to the Depositary at any time. The denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the date on which the Depositary has received the notification.     
Art.19  ARTICLE XIX  TEXT DEPO   
Art.19.1  1. The original of this Agreement, in the English, French and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Government of Australia, which shall be the Depositary. The Depositary shall transmit certified copies of these versions to all Range States and regional economic integration organisations referred to in Article XV(1) of this Agreement, and to the Secretariat after it has been established.     
Art.19.2  2. As soon as this Agreement enters into force, a certified copy thereof shall be transmitted by the Depositary to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.  RELA   
Art.19.3  3. The Depositary shall inform all Range States and regional economic integration organisations that have signed or acceded to the Agreement, and the Secretariat, of:     
Art.19.3.a  a) any signature;     
Art.19.3.b  b) any deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession;     
Art.19.3.c  c) the date of entry into force of this Agreement as well as of any amendment to the Agreement;     
Art.19.3.d  d) any reservation with respect to the Agreement;     
Art.19.3.e  e) any notification of withdrawal of a reservation; and     
Art.19.3.f  f) any notification of denunciation of the Agreement.     
Art.19.4  4. The Depositary shall immediately transmit to all Range States and regional economic integration organisations that have signed or acceded to this Agreement, and to the Secretariat, the text of any reservation, any additional annex or amendment to the Agreement or to its annexes.  ATTACH   
Conc.1  In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised to that effect, have signed this Agreement.  CONC   
Conc.2  Done at Canberra this nineteenth day of June 2001.     
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 29 March 2017