IEA Database
Version 2014.3
Release Notes

IEA Database International Environmental Agreements (IEA)
Database Project

(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2017 .
Developed with support from:
NSF Logo UO Logo APS Logo
National Science Foundation
University of Oregon Envl Studies Program
University of Oregon Summer Research Award
Am. Phil. Society

IEA Homepage

Database Menu
Agreements by Date
Agreements by Subject
Agreements by Lineage
Country Memberships
Performance Data
Coded Agreements
Secretariats
Relevant literature
Advanced search
Simple search:

Problem or suggestion?
Project Menu
Overview
Goals
Personnel
Definitions
Release Notes
Contents/Caveats
Publications
Sources
Research Guide
Other Treaty Lists
Disclaimer
Acknowledgements
List of Text Files
Download IEA Dataset (Excel)

1999: Convention For The Establishment Of The European And Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization

Related Lineage is: European Plant Protection
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Titl.1  CONVENTION for the establishment of THE EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION  TITL  TITL 
Titl.1  INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION  TITL  TITL 
Src.1  SRC: http://www.eppo.org/ABOUT_EPPO/convention/EPPO_Convention.pdf  SRC  SRC 
Src.1  SRC: http://www.ippc.int/servlet/BinaryDownloaderServlet/1952_English.pdf?filename=/publications/13767.The_International_Plant_Protection_Convention.2001-3-26.pdf  SRC  SRC 
Art.1  Article I - Aims  HOBS  HOBS HOBF 
Pre.1  PREAMBLE  DESC GOAL  DESC GOAL 
Art.1.1x  There shall be established a European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (hereinafter referred to as the Organization), as a recognized regional plant protection organization under the International Plant Protection Convention, established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (FN: Article VIII of the International Plant Protection Convention of 1951-12-06; Article IX of the new revised text of the International Plant Protection Convention as approved by Resolution 12/ 97 of the Twenty-Ninth Session of the FAO Conference in 1997-11).  RELA  RELA 
Pre.2  The contracting Governments, recognizing the usefulness of international co-operation in controlling pests and diseases of plants and plant products and in preventing their introduction and spread across national boundaries, and desiring to ensure close co-ordination of measures directed to these ends, have agreed as follows:     
Art.1.2x  The aims of the Organization are:  HOBF   
Art.1  Article I PURPOSE AND RESPONSIBILITY  GOAL IMPL SUBS  SUBS IMPL 
Art.1.a  a. to support the Member Governments in their aim of assuring plant health, while preserving human and animal health and the environment;     
Art.1.1  1. With the purpose of securing common and effective action to prevent the introduction and spread of pests and diseases of plants and plant products and to promote measures for their control, the contracting Governments undertake to adopt the legislative, technical and administrative measures specified in this Convention and in supplementary agreements pursuant to Article III.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.1.b  b. to pursue and develop, by cooperation between the Member Governments, the protection of plants and plant products against pests and the prevention of their international spread and especially their introduction into endangered areas;  SCIR   
Art.1.2  2. Each contracting Government shall assume responsibility for the fulfillment within its territories of all requirements under this Convention.     
Art.1.c  c. to develop internationally harmonized phytosanitary and other official plant protection measures and, as appropriate, to elaborate standards to that effect;  SCIR   
Art.2  Article II SCOPE  DEFN SUBS  SCOP 
Art.1.d  d. to present the collective views of the Member Governments, as appropriate, to FAO, WTO, other regional plant protection organizations and any other bodies with related responsibilities.  INFO RELA  RELA 
Art.2.1  1. For the purposes of this Convention the term "plant" shall comprise living plants and parts thereof, including seeds in so far as the supervision of their importation under Article VI of the Convention or the issue of phytosanitary certificates in respect of them under Articles IV( 1), (a) (iv) and V of this Convention may be deemed necessary by contracting Governments; and the term "plant products" shall comprise unmanufactured and milled material of plant origin, including seeds in so far as they are not included in the term "plants".     
Art.2  Article II - Definitions  DEFN  DEFN 
Art.2.2  2. The provisions of this Convention may be deemed by contracting Governments to extend to storage places, containers, conveyances, packing material and accompanying media of all sorts including soil involved in the international transportation of plants and plant products.     
Art.2.1x  For the purposes of the present Convention, the following terms shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them:     
Art.2.3  3. This Convention shall have particular reference to pests and diseases of importance to international trade.     
Art.2.1x.ax  "Endangered area" -an area where ecological factors favour the establishment of a pest whose presence in the area will result in economically important loss;     
Art.3  Article III SUPPLEMENTARY AGREEMENTS  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.2.1x.bx  "International standards" -international standards established in accordance with the International Plant Protection Convention;     
Art.3.1  1. Supplementary agreements applicable to specific regions, to specific pests and diseases, to specific plants and plant products, to specific methods of international transportation of plants and plant products, or otherwise supplementing the provisions of this Convention, may be proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as "FAO") on the recommendation of a contracting Government or on its own initiative, to meet special problems of plant protection which need particular attention or action.  RELA  RELA 
Art.2.1x.cx  “Introduction" -the entry of a pest resulting in its establishment;     
Art.3.2  2. Any such supplementary agreements shall come into force for each contracting Government after acceptance in accordance with the provisions of the FAO Constitution and Rules of Procedure.  RELA  RELA 
Art.2.1x.dx  "Pest" -any species, strain or biotype of plant, animal or pathogenic agent injurious to plants or plant products;     
Art.4  Article IV NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR PLANT PROTECTION  NATBS NATBF  NATBS NATBF IMPL 
Art.2.1x.ex  "Pest risk analysis" -the process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic evidence to determine whether a pest should be regulated and the strength of any phytosanitary measures to be taken against it;     
Art.4.1  1. Each contracting Government shall make provision, as soon as possible and to the best of its ability, for     
Art.2.1x.fx  "Phytosanitary measure" -any legislation, regulation or official procedure having the purpose to prevent the introduction or spread of pests;     
Art.4.1.a  a) an official plant protection organization, with the following main functions:     
Art.2.1x.gx  "Plant products" -unmanufactured material of plant origin (including grain) and those manufactured products that, by their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the introduction or spread of pests;     
Art.4.1.a.i  (i) the inspection of growing plants, of areas under cultivation (including fields, plantations, nurseries, gardens and greenhouses), and of plants and plant products in storage and in transportation particularly with the object of reporting the existence, outbreak and spread of plant diseases and pests and of controlling those pests and diseases;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.hx  "Plants" -living plants and parts thereof, including seeds and germplasm;     
Art.4.1.a.ii  (ii) the inspection of consignments of plants and plant products moving in international traffic and, as far as practicable, the inspection of consignments of other articles or commodities moving in international traffic under conditions where they may act incidentally as carriers of pests and diseases of plants and plant products, and the inspection and supervision of storage and transportation facilities of all kinds involved in international traffic whether of plants and plant products or of other commodities, particularly with the object of preventing the dissemination across national boundaries of pests and diseases of plants and plant products;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.ix  "Quarantine pest" -a pest of potential economic importance to the area endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being officially controlled;     
Art.4.1.a.iii  (iii) the disinfestation or disinfection of consignments of plants and plant products moving in international traffic, and their containers, storage places, or transportation facilities of all kinds employed;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.jx  "Regional standards" -standards established by a regional plant protection organization for the guidance of the members of that organization;     
Art.4.1.a.iv  (iv) the issue of certificates relating to phytosanitary condition and origin of consignments of plants and plant products (hereinafter referred to as "phytosanitary certificates");     
Art.2.1x.kx  "Regulated non-quarantine pest" -a non-quarantine pest whose presence in plants for planting affects the intended use of those plants with an economically unacceptable impact and which is therefore regulated within the territory of the importing country;     
Art.4.1.b  b) the distribution of information within the country regarding the pests and diseases of plants and plant products and the means of their prevention and control;    INFO 
Art.2.1x.lx  "Regulated pest" -a quarantine pest or a regulated non-quarantine pest.     
Art.4.1.c  c) research and investigation in the field of plant protection.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.3  Article III. – Membership  HOBS  HOBS 
Art.4.2  2. Each contracting Government shall submit a description of the scope of its national organization for plant protection and of changes in such organization to the Director-General of FAO, who shall circulate such information to all contracting Governments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.3.a  a. Membership of the Organization shall be open to the following by adherence to the present Convention according to the provisions of Article XX:     
Art.5  Article V PHYTOSANITARY CERTIFICATES  IMPL SUBS  IMPL 
Art.3.a.1  1. the Governments of the countries in Schedule II;  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.5.1  1. Each contracting Government shall make arrangements for the issue of phytosanitary certificates to accord with the plant protection regulations of other contracting Governments, and in conformity with the following provisions:     
Art.3.a.2  2. the Government of any other country which the Council of the Organization may decide to invite to become a Member.     
Art.5.1.a  a) Inspection shall be carried out and certificate issued only by or under the authority of technically qualified and duly authorized officers and in such circumstances and with such knowledge and information available to those officers that the authorities of importing countries may accept such certificates with confidence as dependable documents.    SCIR 
Art.3.b  b. The Government of any territory about which a declaration has been made under the terms of Article XXI may be admitted to membership by the Council of the Organization, but only on the proposal of the Member who made the declaration. Any such decision shall require a two-thirds majority of the votes cast. Territories so admitted shall be such as can in the opinion of the Council make a definite and individual contribution to the work of the Organization.     
Art.5.1.b  b) Each certificate covering materials intended for planting or propagation shall be as worded in the Annex to this Convention and shall include such additional declarations as may be required by the importing country. The model certificate may also be used for other plants or plant products where appropriate and not inconsistent with the requirements of the importing country.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.4  Article IV. – Seat  HOBS  HOBS 
Art.5.1.c  c) The certificates shall bear no alterations or erasures.     
Art.4.a  a. The seat of the Organization shall be in Paris.     
Art.5.2  2. Each contracting Government undertakes not to require consignments of plants intended for planting or propagation imported into its territories to be accompanied by phytosanitary certificates inconsistent with the model set out in the Annex to this Convention.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.4.b  b. The administrative meetings of the Organization shall normally take place at its seat.     
Art.6  Article VI REQUIREMENTS IN RELATION TO IMPORTS  SUBS IMPL  SUBS IMPL 
Art.5  Article V. – Functions  HOBF  HOBF 
Art.6.1  1. With the aim of preventing the introduction of diseases and pests of plants into their territories, contracting Governments shall have full authority to regulate the entry of plants and plant products, and to this end, may:     
Art.5.0x  The functions of the Organization shall be:     
Art.6.1.a  a) prescribe restrictions or requirements concerning the importation of plants or plant products;     
Art.5.a  a. to develop     
Art.6.1.b  b) prohibit the importation of particular plants or plant products, or of particular consignments of plants or plant products;     
Art.5.a.1  1. principles of good practice in the application of phytosanitary measures and in plant protection generally;  SCIR   
Art.6.1.c  c) inspect or detain particular consignments of plants or plant products;     
Art.5.a.2  2. regional standards;  SCIR   
Art.6.1.d  d) treat, destroy or refuse entry to particular consignments of plants or plant products, or require such consignments to be treated or destroyed.     
Art.5.b  b. to promote     
Art.6.2  2. In order to minimize interference with international trade, each contracting Government undertakes to carry out the provisions referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article in conformity with the following:     
Art.5.b.1  1. the harmonization of phytosanitary and other official plant protection measures;  SCIR   
Art.6.2.a  a) Contracting Governments shall not, under this plant protection legislation, take any of the measures specified in paragraph 1 of this Article unless such measures are made necessary by phytosanitary considerations.  RELA INFO   
Art.5.b.2  2. the simplification and unification of phytosanitary regulations and certificates;     
Art.6.2.b  b) If a contracting Government prescribes any restrictions or requirements concerning the importation of plants and plant products into its territories, it shall publish the restrictions or requirements and communicate them immediately to the plant protection services of other contracting Governments and to FAO.  RELA INFO  INFO RELA 
Art.5.c  c. to advise Member Governments on     
Art.6.2.c  c) If a contracting Government prohibits, under the provisions of its plant protection legislation, the importation of any plants or plant products, it shall publish its decision with reasons and shall immediately inform the plant protection services of other contracting Governments and FAO.  RELA INFO  INFO RELA 
Art.5.c.1  1. technical measures necessary to prevent the introduction and spread of regulated pests, particularly measures for inspection and testing, certification, treatment, survey and eradication;  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.6.2.d  d) If a contracting Government requires consignment of particular products to be imported only through specified points of entry, such points shall be so selected as not unnecessarily to impede international commerce. The contracting Government shall publish a list of such points of entry and communicate it to the plant protection services of other contracting Governments and to FAO. Such restrictions on points of entry shall not be made unless the plants or plant products concerned are required to be accompanied by phytosanitary certificates or to be submitted to inspection or treatment.  INFO  INFO RELA 
Art.5.c.2  2. the administrative and legislative measures necessary to prevent the introduction and spread of regulated pests, including in particular pest risk analysis and the establishment and updating of lists of regulated pests;    SCIR 
Art.6.2.e  e) Any inspection by the plant protection service of a contracting Government of consignments of plants offered for importation shall take place as promptly as possible with due regard to the perishability of the plants concerned. If any consignment is found not to conform to the requirements of the plant protection legislation of the importing country, the plant protection service of the exporting country shall be informed. If the consignment is destroyed, in whole or in part, an official report shall be forwarded immediately to the plant protection service of the exporting country.    INFO 
Art.5.c.3  3. the measures necessary to register or authorize plant protection products, and to control their marketing and use on their territories, in compliance with the principles of good plant protection practice as well as, whenever possible, the principles of integrated control;  SCIR   
Art.6.2.f  f) Contracting Governments shall make provisions which, without endangering their own plant production, will reduce to a minimum the number of cases in which a phytosanitary certificate is required on the entry of plants or plant products not intended for planting, such as cereals, fruits, vegetables and cut flowers.     
Art.5.d  d. where practicable, to coordinate and stimulate international campaigns between Member Governments against pests;     
Art.6.2.g  g) Contracting Governments may make provision for the importation for purposes of scientific research of plants and plant products and of specimens of plant pests and disease-causing organisms under conditions affording ample precaution against the risk of spreading plant diseases and pests.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.5.e  e. to facilitate cooperation in research on pests and the methods of control and in the exchange of relevant scientific information;  SCIR  SCIR INFO 
Art.6.3  3. The measures specified in this Article shall not be applied to goods in transit throughout the territories of contracting Governments unless such measures are necessary for the protection of their own plants.    SOVR 
Art.5.f  f. to disseminate information by  INFO  INFO 
Art.7  Article VII INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION  SUBS  IMPL 
Art.5.f.1  1. obtaining information from Member Governments on the existence, outbreak or spread of pests, and conveying such information to Member Governments;  SCIR   
Art.7.1x  The contracting Governments shall co-operate with one another to the fullest practicable extent in achieving the aims of this Convention, in particular as follows:     
Art.5.f.2  2. providing for the exchange of information on national phytosanitary legislation, lists of regulated pests, or other measures affecting the free movement of plants and plant products;  SCIR   
Art.7.1x.a  a) Each contracting Government agrees to co-operate with FAO in the establishment of a world reporting service on plant diseases and pests, making full use of the facilities and services of existing organizations for this purpose, and, when this is established, to furnish to FAO periodically the following information:  RELA INFO  INFO RELA 
Art.5.f.3  3. establishing a documentation and information service and publishing in an appropriate form material for technical or scientific advancement;  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.7.1x.a.i  (i) reports on the occurrence, outbreak and spread of economically important pests and diseases of plants and plant products which may be of immediate or potential danger;    SCIR 
Art.5.g  g. generally to take all necessary and appropriate action to achieve the aims of the Organization.     
Art.7.1x.a.ii  (ii) information on means found to be effective in controlling the pests and diseases of plants and plant products.    SCIR 
Art.6  Article VI. -Obligations of Member Governments  IMPL  IMPL 
Art.7.1x.b  b) Each contracting Government shall, as far as is practicable, participate in any special campaigns for combating particular destructive pests or diseases which may seriously threaten crop production and need international action to meet the emergencies.     
Art.6.a  a. Member Governments shall furnish to the Organization so far as is practicable such information as the Organization may reasonably require in order to carry out its functions, including in particular the information referred to in Article V f1 and V f2.  INFO  INFO 
Art.8  Article VIII REGIONAL PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION  SBS SBF  SBS SBF 
Art.6.b  b. Member Governments shall endeavour to implement the recommendations made by the Council of the Organization, including in particular the regional standards.     
Art.8.1  1. The contracting Governments undertake to co-operate with one another in establishing regional plant protection organizations in appropriate areas.     
Art.7  Article VII. -Relationship with Other Organizations  HOBF  HOBF 
Art.8.2  2. The regional plant protection organizations shall function as the co-ordinating bodies in the areas covered and shall participate in various activities to achieve the objectives of this Convention.     
Art.7.ax  The Organization shall cooperate, in achieving the objectives of this Convention, with FAO and the other regional plant protection organizations, and may cooperate with WTO and other bodies with related responsibilities, in appropriate activities. These include the development of standards for phytosanitary and other official plant protection measures, and the consideration of regional standards of the Organization as candidates for international standards. It shall use its best endeavours to prevent overlapping of activities.  RELA SCIR  RELA 
Art.9  Article IX SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES  DISP SBS SBF FINAD  DISP SBS SECF 
Art.8  Article Vlll. -Structure of the Organization  HOBS SBS  HOBS 
Art.9.1  1. If there is any dispute regarding the interpretation or application of this Convention, or if a contracting Government considers that any action by another contracting Government is in conflict with the obligations of the latter under Articles V and VI of this Convention, especially regarding the basis of prohibiting or restricting the imports of plants or plant products coming from its territories, the Government or Governments concerned may request the Director-General of FAO to appoint a committee to consider the question in dispute.  RELA  RELA 
Art.8.1x  The Organization shall consist of:     
Art.9.2  2. The Director-General of FAO shall thereupon, after consultation with the Governments concerned, appoint a committee of experts which shall include representatives of those Governments. This committee shall consider the question in dispute, taking into account all documents and other forms of evidence submitted by the Governments concerned. This committee shall submit a report to the Director-General of FAO who shall transmit it to the Governments concerned, and to other contracting Governments.  RELA  INFO RELA 
Art.8.1x.a  a. the Council;     
Art.9.3  3. The contracting Governments agree that the recommendations of such a committee, while not binding in character, will become the basis for renewed consideration by the Governments concerned of the matter out of which the disagreement arose.     
Art.8.1x.b  b. the administration, comprising the Executive Committee, the Director-General and the staff;     
Art.9.4  4. The Governments concerned shall share equally the expenses of the experts.     
Art.8.1x.c  c. the Accounts Verification Panel;     
Art.10  Article X SUBSTITUTION OF PRIOR AGREEMENTS     
Art.8.1x.d  d. such bodies as Council may decide to set up under Article XIII a.     
Art.10.1x  This Convention shall terminate and replace, between contracting Governments, the International Convention respecting measures to be taken against the Phylloxera vastatrix of 3 November 1881, the additional Convention signed at Berne on 15 April 1889 and the International Convention for the Protection of Plants signed at Rome on 16 April 1929.  RELA SOVR  RELA 
Art.9  Article IX. -The Council  HOBS  HOBS 
Art.11  Article XI TERRITORIAL APPLICATION  MEMB SUBS  MEMB 
Art.9.a  a. The Council of the Organization shall consist of representatives of Member Governments. Each Member Government shall be entitled to appoint one representative to the Council and one alternate. Representatives and alternates appointed by Member Governments may be accompanied by associates and advisers.     
Art.11.1  1. Any Government may at the time of ratification or adherence or at any time thereafter communicate to the Director-General of FAO a declaration that this Convention shall extend to all or any of the territories for the international relations of which it is responsible, and this Convention shall be applicable to all territories specified in the declaration as from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.9.b  b. Each Member Government shall have one vote in the Council.     
Art.11.2  2. Any Government which has communicated to the Director-General of FAO a declaration in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article may at any time communicate a further declaration modifying the scope of any former declaration or terminating the application of the provisions of the present Convention in respect of any territory. Such modification or termination shall take effect as from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.10  Article X. -Sessions of the Council  HOBS  HOBS 
Art.11.3  3. The Director-General of FAO shall inform all signatory and adhering Governments of any declaration received under this Article.  RELA  RELA 
Art.10.a  a. The Council shall ordinarily meet in regular session once in each year.     
Art.12  Article XII RATIFICATION AND ADHERENCE  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.10.b  b. Extraordinary sessions of the Council shall be called at any time when the Chairman is so requested in writing by at least one third of the Member Governments.     
Art.12.1  1. This Convention shall be open for signature by all Governments until 1 May 1952 and shall be ratified at the earliest possible date. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Director-General of FAO, who shall give notice of the date of deposit to each of the signatory Governments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.11  Article XI. –Rules  HOBF FINAD  HOBS HOBF FINAD 
Art.12.2  2. As soon as this Convention has come into force in accordance with Article XIV, it shall be open for adherence by non-signatory Governments. Adherence shall be affected by the deposit of an instrument of adherence with the Director-General of FAO, who shall notify all signatory and adhering Governments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.11.ax  Council shall establish the Rules of Procedure of the Organization and the Financial Rules of the Organization.     
Art.13  Article XIII AMENDMENT  AMND EIF DEPO  AMND EIF DEPO 
Art.12  Article XII. –Observers  HOBS  HOBS 
Art.13.1  1. Any proposal by a contracting Government for the amendment of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of FAO.  RELA  RELA 
Art.12.ax  With the consent of the Council, any non-member Government and any intergovernmental body whose responsibilities are related to those of the Organization may be represented at any session of the Council by one or more observers without the right to vote.     
Art.13.2  2. Any proposal amendment of this Convention received by the Director-General of FAO from a contracting Government shall be presented to a regular or special session of the Conference of FAO for approval and, if the amendment involves important technical changes or imposes additional obligations on the contracting Governments, it shall be considered by an advisory committee of specialists convened by FAO prior to the Conference.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13  Article XIII. -Functions of Council  HOBF FINAD SBS SECS  HOBF FINAD REVW SBS SECS 
Art.13.3  3. Notice of any proposed amendment of this Convention shall be transmitted to the contracting Governments by the Director-General of FAO not later than the time when the agenda of the session of the Conference at which the matter is to be considered is dispatched.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13.0x  The Council shall:     
Art.13.4  4. Any such proposed amendment of this Convention shall require the approval of the Conference of FAO and shall come into force as from the thirtieth day after acceptance by two-thirds of the contracting Governments. Amendments involving new obligations for contracting Governments, however, shall come into force in respect of each contracting Government only on acceptance by it and as from the thirtieth day after such acceptance.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13.a  a. consider and decide upon:     
Art.13.5  5. The instruments of acceptance of amendments involving new obligations shall be deposited with the Director-General of FAO, who shall inform all contracting Governments of the receipt of acceptances and the entry into force of amendments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13.a.1  1. the progress report of the Director-General on the work of the Organization since the preceding regular session of the Council;     
Art.14  Article XV DENUNCIATION  RESV  RESV 
Art.13.a.2  2. the policies and programme of activity of the Organization;     
Art.14.1  1. Any contracting Government may at any time give notice of denunciation of this Convention by notification addressed to the Director-General of FAO. The Director-General shall at once inform all signatory and adhering Governments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13.a.3  3. the budget;     
Art.14.2  2. Denunciation shall take effect one year from the date of receipt of the notification by the Director-General of FAO.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13.a.4  4. the annual accounts and balance sheet;     
Conc.1  Done at Rome, Italy on the sixth day of December, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-one, in a single copy in the English, French and Spanish languages, each of which shall be of equal authenticity. The document shall be deposited in the archives of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Certified copies shall be transmitted by the Director-General of the Food and Agriculture to each signatory and adhering Government.  CONC TEXT DEPO RELA  CONC TEXT DEPO RELA 
Art.13.a.5  5. the setting up and dissolution of ad hoc or permanent bodies to pursue the work of the Organization;     
Conc.2  In Witness Whereof the undersigned duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention on behalf of their respective Governments on the dates appearing opposite their signatures.     
Art.13.a.6  6. the reports of such bodies;     
Art.13.a.7  7. any proposals submitted by the Executive Committee;     
Art.13.b  b. hold the statutory elections;     
Art.13.c  c. appoint the Director-General on such terms as it may determine.     
Art.14  Article XIV. -Chairman and Vice-Chairman  HOBF SBF  HOBS 
Art.14.a  a. The Council shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman from amongst representatives of Member Governments.     
Art.14.b  b. The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall be elected for a period of three years and be re-eligible for one further term of office.     
Art.14.c  c. The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall serve in the same capacity within both the Council and the Executive Committee.     
Art.14.d  d. The Chairman and Vice-Chairman shall cease to represent their countries on election.     
Art.15  Article XV. -The Executive Committee  SBS  SBS 
Art.15.a  a. The Executive Committee shall be composed of the Chairman and Vice-Chairman and of seven representatives of Member Governments elected by the Council.     
Art.15.b  b. Members of the Executive Committee shall normally hold office for three years and be eligible for re-election.     
Art.15.c  c. If a vacancy occurs in the Executive Committee before the expiration of the term of appointment, the Executive Committee shall ask a Member Government to appoint a representative to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the term.     
Art.15.d  d. The Executive Committee shall meet at least once a year.     
Art.16  Article XVI. -Functions of the Executive Committee  SBF FINAD  SBF FINAD SBS 
Art.16.0x  The Executive Committee shall:     
Art.16.a  a. submit proposals for the Organization's policies and programme of activity to the Council;     
Art.16.b  b. consider recommendations made by other Organizations as specified in Article VII and make appropriate proposals to the Council;     
Art.16.c  c. ensure that the activity of the Organization conforms with the decisions of the Council;     
Art.16.d  d. submit the draft budget and the annual accounts and balance sheet to the Council; the Executive Committee may approve a provisional budget pending its consideration by the Council;  INFO   
Art.16.e  e. undertake such other tasks as may be assigned to it under this Convention or entrusted to it by the Council;     
Art.16.f  f. adopt its own procedure.     
Art.17  Article XVII. -The Director-General  SECS SECF  SECS SECF FINAD 
Art.17.0x  The Director-General shall:     
Art.17.a  a. be the head of the secretariat of the Organization, which functions under his responsibility;     
Art.17.b  b. carry out the programme approved by the Council and such tasks as may be entrusted to him by the Executive Committee;     
Art.17.c  c. report at each regular session of the Council on the activity of the Organization and the financial position.    INFO 
Art.18  Article XVIII. –Finance  FINAD SBF FINPR SBS  FINAD HOBF SBF SBS 
Art.18.a  a. The expenditure of the Organization shall be met by annual contributions from Member Governments and by such other receipts as may be approved by the Council or the Executive Committee.     
Art.18.b  b. The amount of the annual contribution of each Member Government shall be based on the scale of contributions as specified in Schedule I.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.c  c. Governments newly adhering to the Convention, if members of FAO, enter the appropriate category on the scale in Schedule I and, if not members, the category decided by the Council. Schedule I, and the category of Member Governments on the scale in Schedule I, shall only be changed by decision of the Council, by a majority of two thirds of Member Governments.  RELA ATTACH  RELA ATTACH 
Art.18.d  d. On the recommendation of the Executive Committee, the Council may decide to apply a coefficient to the basic contribution laid down in Schedule I, in order to adjust it to the activities of the Organization or to the economic situation of the moment. The decision is taken by a two-thirds majority of the Member Governments present and voting.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.e  e. Annual contributions shall be payable at the beginning of the Organization's financial year.     
Art.18.f  f. The contributions of Member Governments shall be paid in currencies to be determined by the Executive Committee with the approval of the contributing Government concerned.     
Art.18.g  g. The first annual contribution of a Government newly adhering to the Convention shall be payable for the financial year of the Organization during which the provisions of Article XX are fulfilled.     
Art.18.h  h. Supplementary contributions may be paid by an individual Government or group of Governments towards special schemes or campaigns of control, which the Organization may carry out in the interest of that Government or group of Governments.     
Art.18.i  i. An Accounts Verification Panel composed of representatives of three Member Governments shall be elected by the Council. Members of the Panel shall be elected for three years and shall not be eligible for re-election during the next three years.     
Art.18.j  j. The Executive Committee shall, with the approval of the Council, appoint an auditor to audit the accounts of the Organization each year.     
Art.18.k  k. The Accounts Verification Panel shall each year examine, with the auditor, the accounts and management of the Organization and report to the Council.  INFO   
Art.19  Article XIX. –Amendments  AMND SECF EIF HOBF DEPO  AMND HOBF EIF DEPO 
Art.19.a  a. Texts of proposed amendments to the present Convention and to Schedule I thereto shall be communicated by the Director-General to Member Governments at least three months in advance of their consideration by the Council.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.19.b  b. Amendments to the Convention shall come into effect when adopted by a two-thirds majority of the members of the Council present and voting, provided that amendments involving new obligations for Member Governments -with the exception of the amendments to Schedule I referred to in paragraph c. below -shall come into force in respect of each such Government only on acceptance by it.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.19.c  c. Amendments to Schedule I shall be adopted by the Council by a majority of two-thirds of the Member Governments.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.19.d  d. Acceptance of amendments shall be deposited with the French Government who shall inform all Member Governments of the receipt of acceptances and the entry into force of amendments.     
Art.20  Article XX. -Signature and Acceptance  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.20.a  a. The present Convention shall remain open for signature or for accession, by those Governments which become parties to it, in accordance with the provisions of Article III, in the following circumstances:     
Art.20.a.1  1. by signature without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval;     
Art.20.a.2  2. by signature followed by ratification, acceptance or approval;     
Art.20.a.3  3. by accession.     
Art.20.b  b. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval, or of accession, shall be deposited with the French Government. The depositary shall inform all Member Governments of the date on which each has signed or deposited an instrument.     
Art.21  Article XXI. -Territorial Application    MEMB DEPO EIF 
Art.21.a  a. Any Government may at any time declare that its participation in the Convention includes all or any of the territories for whose international relations it is responsible. Such declaration shall be deposited with the French Government.     
Art.21.b  b. Any declaration made by a Member Government under the preceding paragraph shall take effect on the thirtieth day following its receipt by the French Government.     
Art.21.c  c. The French Government shall immediately inform all Governments parties to the Convention of declarations made under this Article.     
Art.22  Article XXII.-Withdrawal  RESV  RESV 
Art.22.a  a. Any Member Government may at any time after two years of membership withdraw from this Convention by giving written notice of withdrawal to the French Government. The withdrawal shall take effect one year from the date of receipt of the notification.     
Art.22.b  b. The non-payment of two consecutive annual contributions shall under normal conditions imply the withdrawal from the Convention of the defaulting Member Government.     
Art.22.c  c. The application of the Convention to a territory or territories under Article XXI may be terminated by written notification to the French Government by the participating Government responsible for the international relations of such territory or territories. The notification shall take effect one year from the date of its receipt.     
Art.22.d  d. The French Government shall immediately inform all participating Governments of notifications given under this Article.     
Art.23  Article XXIII. -Entry into Force  EIF DEPO  EIF DEPO 
Art.23.a  a. The present Convention shall enter into force on the date on which five Governments have become parties thereto in accordance with the provisions of Article XX.     
Art.23.b  b. The French Government shall immediately inform all Governments which have signed or accepted the Convention of the date of entry into force of the Convention.     
Art.23.c  c. For each Government which has deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval, or of accession, after the Convention has entered into force according to paragraph a. of the present Article, the Convention shall enter into force from the date on which this Government has deposited its instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval, or of accession.     
Conc.1  In faith whereof the undersigned, duly authorized by their Governments, have signed the present Convention and the Schedules thereto.  CONC  CONC ATTACH DEPO 
Conc.2  DONE IN PARIS this 18th day of April 1951 in a single copy, which will remain deposited in the Archives of the French Government.     
Conc.3  For Denmark Halvor Skov P. Bovien For Belgium Guillaume H. Van Orshoven For Spain Miguel Benlloch For France R. Protin For Ireland D. Delaney For Italy A. Melis For Luxembourg E. Wirion For the Netherlands C. J. Briejèr For Portugal Francisco Aranha For the Federal Republic of Germany H. Drees For the United Kingdom J. Hensley For Switzerland A. Chaponnier For the F. P. R. of Yugoslavia G. Nonveiller For Austria F. Beran For Greece D. Koulopoulos     
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 17 December 2017