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1995: Convention To Ban The Importation Into Forum Island Countries Of Hazardous And Radioactive Wastes And To Control The Transboundary Movement And Management Of Hazardous Wastes Within The South Pacific Region

Related Lineage is: South Pacific Hazardous Wastes
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Titl.1  CONVENTION TO BAN THE IMPORTATION INTO FORUM ISLAND COUNTRIES OF HAZARDOUS AND RADIOACTIVE WASTES AND TO CONTROL THE TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT AND MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES WITHIN THE SOUTH PACIFIC REGION  TITL  TITL 
Src.1  SRC:  SRC  SRC 
Pre.1  PREAMBLE  DESC GOAL  DESC 
Pre.2  THE PARTIES TO THIS CONVENTION:     
Pre.3  CONSCIOUS of their responsibility to protect, preserve and improve the environment of the South Pacific for the good health, benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations of the people of the South Pacific;     
Pre.4  CONCERNED about the growing threat to human health and the environment posed by the increasing generation of hazardous wastes and the disposal of such wastes by environmentally unsound methods;     
Pre.5  CONCERNED also about the dangers posed by radioactive wastes to the people and environment of the South Pacific;     
Pre.6  AWARE that their responsibilities to protect, preserve and improve the environment of the South Pacific can be met only by cooperative effort among all peoples of the South Pacific based on an understanding of the needs and capacities of all Parties;     
Pre.7  TAKING FULL ACCOUNT of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States adopted in Barbados on 6 May 1994;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.8  NOTING with concern that a number of approaches have been made to certain Island Countries of the South Pacific by unscrupulous foreign waste dealers for the importation into and the disposal within the South Pacific of hazardous wastes generated in other countries;     
Pre.9  CONCERNED by the slowness of progress towards a satisfactory resolution of the issues surrounding international trade in goods which have been banned, cancelled or refused registration in the country of manufacture for human health or environmental reasons;     
Pre.10  RECALLING their commitments under existing regional treaties and arrangements for the protection and preservation of the environment of the South Pacific, including the Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region, signed in Noumea on 24 November 1986, the Protocol concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution Emergencies in the South Pacific Region, adopted by Parties on 25 November 1986, and the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, signed in Rarotonga on 6 August 1985;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.11  FURTHER RECALLING the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal adopted by the Conference of the Plenipotentiaries on 22 March 1989, and noting decisions of its Conference of the Parties including Decision II 12 of 25 March 1994;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.12  DESIRING to conclude an agreement under Article 11 of the Basel Convention;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.13  MINDFUL of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Waste and recognising the need for its strict observance in the South Pacific Region;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.14  NOTING as well the preliminary negotiations on a Convention on the Safe Management of Nuclear Waste;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.15  FURTHER RECALLING the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972), the Cairo Guidelines and Principles for the Environmentally Sound Management of Hazardous Wastes adopted by the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) by Decision 14/30 of 17 June 1987 and the Recommendations of the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (formulated in 1957 and updated biennially);  RELA  RELA 
Pre.16  RECALLING also Agenda 21 adopted by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro on 14 June 1992, which reaffirms that effective control of the generation, storage, treatment, recycling and reuse, transport, recovery, and disposal of hazardous wastes is of paramount importance for proper health, environmental protection and natural resources management and sustainable development;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.17  RESOLVING to prohibit the importation of hazardous wastes into Pacific Island Developing Parties, and to regulate and facilitate the environmentally sound management of such wastes generated within the Convention Area; and     
Pre.18  RESOLVING also to prohibit the importation of all radioactive wastes into Pacific Island Developing Parties while at the same time recognising that the standards, procedures and the authorities responsible for the environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes will differ from those in respect of hazardous wastes.     
Pre.19  HAVE AGREED as follows:     
Art.1  Article 1  DEFN  DEFN 
Art.1.1x  For the purposes of this Convention:     
Art.1.1x.ax  "Approved site or facility" means a site or facility for the disposal of hazardous wastes which is authorised or permitted to operate for this purpose by a relevant authority of the Party where the site or facility is located;     
Art.1.1x.bx  "Area under the jurisdiction of a Party" means any land, marine area or airspace within which a Party exercises administrative and regulatory responsibility in accordance with international law in regard to the protection of human health or the environment;     
Art.1.1x.cx  "Authorised transboundary movement" means a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes to which the consent of the Parties concerned has been given in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.dx  "Basel Convention" means the Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, 1989;     
Art.1.1x.ex  "Carrier" means any person who carries out the transport of hazardous wastes;     
Art.1.1x.fx  "Cleaner production" means the conceptual and procedural approach to production that demands that all phases of the life-cycle of a product or process should be addressed, with the objective of prevention or minimisation of short and long-term risks to humans and to the environment;     
Art.1.1x.gx  "Competent authority" means any one governmental authority designated by a Party to be responsible within such geographical areas as the Party may think fit for receiving the notification of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and any information related to it, and for responding to such a notification, as provided in Article 6 of this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.hx  "Convention Area" shall comprise:     
Art.1.1x.hx.ix  (i) the land territory, internal waters, territorial sea, continental shelf, archipelagic waters and exclusive economic zones established in accordance with international law of:      
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Art.1.1x.hx.i.23x  - Western Samoa;     
Art.1.1x.hx.i.24x  #NAME?     
Art.1.1x.hx.ii  (ii) those areas of high seas which are enclosed from all sides by the exclusive economic zones referred to in sub-paragraph (i);     
Art.1.1x.hx.iii  (iii) areas of the Pacific Ocean which have been included in the Convention Area pursuant to Article 2.6;     
Art.1.1x.ix  "Countries concerned" means countries of export, import or transit whether or not Parties to this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.jx  "Days" means calendar days unless otherwise specified;     
Art.1.1x.kx  "Disposal" means any operation specified in Annex V to this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.l  "Disposer" means any person for whom hazardous wastes are destined and who carries out the actual disposal of such wastes;     
Art.1.1x.m  "Domestically prohibited goods" means substances or products which have been banned, cancelled or refused registration by government regulatory action, or voluntarily withdrawn from registration in the country of manufacture, for human health or environmental reasons;     
Art.1.1x.n  "Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes" means taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such wastes;     
Art.1.1x.o  "Exporter" means any person under the jurisdiction of the exporting Party who arranges for hazardous wastes to be exported;     
Art.1.1x.p  "Exporting Party" means a Party from which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is planned to be initiated or is initiated;     
Art.1.1x.q  "Focal point" means the entity of a Party referred to in Article 5 of this Convention responsible for receiving and submitting information as provided for in Articles 7 and 14;     
Art.1.1x.r  "Forum Island Countries" means all Members of the South Pacific Forum with the exception of Australia and New Zealand;     
Art.1.1x.s  "Generator" means any person whose activity produces hazardous wastes or, if that person is not known, the person who is in possession and/or control of those wastes;     
Art.1.1x.t  "Hazardous wastes" means wastes as specified in Article 2 of this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.u  "IAEA" means the International Atomic Energy Agency;     
Art.1.1x.v  "Illegal traffic" means any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes as specified in Article 9 of this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.w  "Importer" means any person under the jurisdiction of the importing Party who arranges for hazardous wastes to be imported;     
Art.1.1x.x  "Importing Party" means a Party to which transboundary movement of hazardous wastes is planned or takes place for the purpose of disposal therein or for the purpose of loading prior to disposal in an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State;     
Art.1.1x.y  "London Convention" means the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972;     
Art.1.1x.z  "Management" means the prevention and reduction of hazardous wastes and the collection, transport, storage, and treatment or disposal, of hazardous wastes including after-care of disposal sites;     
Art.1.1x.aa  "Other Party" means a Party listed in Annex IV or any Party which is accepted by the Conference of the Parties to be an Other Party in accordance with the procedures established pursuant to Article 13.4(g);     
Art.1.1x.ab  "Pacific Island Developing Party" means a Party listed in Annex III or any Party which is accepted by the Conference of the Parties to be a Pacific Island Developing Party in accordance with the procedures established pursuant to Article 13.4(g);     
Art.1.1x.ac  "Party" means a Party to this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.ad  "Person" means any natural or legal person;     
Art.1.1x.ae  "Precautionary principle" means the principle that in order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by Parties according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation;     
Art.1.1x.af  "Radioactive wastes" means wastes which, as a result of being radioactive, are subject to other international control systems, including international instruments, applying specifically to radioactive materials;     
Art.1.1x.ag  "Secretariat" means the Secretariat established pursuant to Article 14 of this Convention;     
Art.1.1x.ah  "SPREP" means the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme;     
Art.1.1x.ai  "Transboundary movement" means any movement of hazardous wastes from an area under the jurisdiction of any Party, to or through an area under the jurisdiction of another Party, or to or through an area not under the jurisdiction of another Party, provided at least two Parties are involved in the movement;     
Art.1.1x.aj  "Transit Party" means any Party, other than the exporting Party or importing Party, through which a movement of hazardous wastes is planned or takes place;     
Art.1.1x.ak  "Vessels" and "Aircraft" mean waterborne or airborne craft of any type whatsoever. This expression includes air cushioned craft and floating craft, whether self-propelled or not;     
Art.1.1x.al  "Wastes" means substances or materials which are disposed of, or are intended to be disposed of, or are required to be disposed of, by provisions of national legislation.     
Art.2  Article 2  DEFN SCOP  SCOP MEMB DEPO 
Art.2.0x  Scope of the Convention     
Art.2.1  1. The following substances shall be "hazardous wastes" for the purposes of this Convention:     
Art.2.1.a  (a) wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I of this Convention, unless they do not possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex II of this Convention; and    ATTACH 
Art.2.1.b  (b) wastes that are not covered under sub-paragraph (a) above, but which are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous wastes by the national legislation of the exporting, importing or transit Party to, from or through which such wastes are to be sent.     
Art.2.2  2. Radioactive wastes are excluded from the scope of this Convention except as specifically provided for in Articles 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, and 4.5 of this Convention.     
Art.2.3  3. Wastes which derive from the normal operations of a vessel, the discharge of which is covered by another international instrument, shall not fall within the scope of this Convention.     
Art.2.4  4. Nothing in this Convention shall affect in any way the sovereignty of States over their territorial sea, the sovereign rights and jurisdiction that States have in their exclusive economic zones and continental shelves, and the exercise by vessels and aircraft of all States of navigational rights and freedoms, as provided for in international law and as reflected in the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and other relevant international instruments.  SOVR RELA  SOVR RELA 
Art.2.5  5. Nothing in this Convention shall affect in any way the rights and obligations of any Party under international law including under other international agreements in force. Such agreements include the London Convention as amended; the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, including in particular Articles 31, 210 and 236 thereof; the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, 1985, including in particular Article 7 thereof; and the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973.  SOVR RELA  SOVR RELA 
Art.2.5x  Area of coverage     
Art.2.6  6. A Party may add areas under its jurisdiction within the Pacific Ocean between the Tropic of Cancer and 60 degrees South latitude and between 130 degrees East longitude and 120 degrees West longitude to the Convention Area. Such addition shall be notified to the Depositary who shall promptly notify the other Parties and the Secretariat. Such areas shall be incorporated within the Convention Area ninety days after notification to the Parties by the Depositary, provided there has been no objection to the proposal to add new areas by any Party. If there is any such objection the Parties concerned will consult with a view to resolving the matter.     
Art.3  Article 3  SECF  SECF 
Art.3.1  1. Each Party shall, within six months of becoming a Party to this Convention, inform the Secretariat of the wastes, other than those listed in Annex I of this Convention, considered or defined as hazardous under its national legislation and of any requirements concerning transboundary movement procedures applicable to such wastes.  INFO ATTACH  ATTACH INFO 
Art.3.2  2. Each Party shall subsequently inform the Secretariat of any significant changes to the information it has provided pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article.  INFO  INFO 
Art.3.3  3. The Secretariat shall forthwith inform all Parties of the information it has received pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.  INFO  INFO 
Art.3.4  4. Parties shall be responsible for making the information transmitted to them by the Secretariat under paragraph 3 of this Article available to their exporters, importers and other appropriate bodies.  INFO  INFO 
Art.4  Article 4  IMPL SUBS  SUBS IMPL SECF 
Art.4.1  1. Hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes import and export ban     
Art.4.1.a  (a) Each Pacific Island Developing Party shall take appropriate legal, administrative and other measures within the area under its jurisdiction to ban the import of all hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes from outside the Convention Area. Such import shall be deemed an illegal and criminal act; and     
Art.4.1.b  (b) Each Other Party shall take appropriate legal, administrative and other measures within the area under its jurisdiction to ban the export of all hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes to all Forum Island Countries, or to territories located in the Convention Area with the exception of those that have the status of Other Parties in accordance with Annex IV. Such export shall be deemed an illegal and criminal act.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.4.2  2. To facilitate compliance with paragraph 1 of this Article, all Parties:     
Art.4.2.a  (a) shall forward in a timely manner all information relating to illegal hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes import activity within the area under its jurisdiction to the Secretariat who shall distribute the information as soon as possible to all Parties; and  INFO  INFO 
Art.4.2.b  (b) shall cooperate to ensure that no illegal import of hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes from a non-Party enters areas under the jurisdiction of a Party to this Convention.     
Art.4.3  3. Ban on dumping of hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes at sea     
Art.4.3.a  (a) Each Party which is a Party to the London Convention, the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, 1985, the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea or the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the South Pacific Region by Dumping, 1986, reaffirms the commitments under those instruments which require it to prohibit dumping of hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes at sea; and  RELA  RELA 
Art.4.3.b  (b) Each Party which is not a Party either to the London Convention or the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the South Pacific Region by Dumping, 1986, should consider becoming a Party to both of those instruments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.4.4  4. Wastes located in the Convention Area     
Art.4.4.0x  Each Party shall:     
Art.4.4.a  (a) ensure that within the area under its jurisdiction, the generation of hazardous wastes is reduced at its source to a minimum taking into account social, technological and economic needs;  SCIR   
Art.4.4.b  (b) take appropriate legal, administrative and other measures to ensure that within the area under its jurisdiction, all transboundary movements of hazardous wastes generated within the Convention Area are carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;     
Art.4.4.c  (c) ensure the availability of adequate treatment and disposal facilities for the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes, which shall be located, to the extent practicable, within areas under its jurisdiction, taking into account social, technological and economic considerations. However, where Parties are for geographic, social or economic reasons unable to dispose safely of hazardous wastes within those areas, cooperation should take place as provided for under Article 10 of this Convention;  SCIR   
Art.4.4.d  (d) in cooperation with SPREP, participate in the development of programmes to manage and simplify the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes which cannot be disposed of in an environmentally sound manner in the countries in which they are located. Provided that such programmes do not derogate from the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes as required by this Convention, they may be registered as arrangements under Article 11 of this Convention;  RELA  SCIR RELA 
Art.4.4.e  (e) develop a national hazardous wastes management strategy which is compatible with the SPREP South Pacific Regional Pollution Prevention, Waste Minimization and Management Programme;  RELA  RELA SCIR 
Art.4.4.f  (f) submit to the Secretariat such reports as the Conference of the Parties may require regarding the hazardous wastes generated in the area under its jurisdiction in order to enable the Secretariat to produce a regular hazardous wastes report;  INFO  INFO SCIR 
Art.4.4.g  (g) subject to Article 11 of this Convention, prohibit within the area under its jurisdiction hazardous wastes from being exported to or imported from non-Parties within the Convention Area; and     
Art.4.4.h  (h) take appropriate legal, administrative and other measures to prohibit vessels flying its flag or aircraft registered in its territory from carrying out activities in contravention of this Convention.     
Art.4.5  5. Radioactive wastes     
Art.4.5.a  (a) Parties shall give active consideration to the implementation of the IAEA Code of Practice on the International Transboundary Movement of Radioactive Wastes and such other international and national standards which are at least as stringent; and  RELA  RELA 
Art.4.5.b  (b) subject to available resources, Parties shall actively participate in the development of the Convention on the Safe Management of Nuclear Waste.  RELA  RELA 
Art.4.6  6. Domestically prohibited goods:     
Art.4.6.a  (a) subject to available resources, Parties shall endeavour to participate in relevant international fora to find an appropriate global solution to the problems associated with the international trade of domestically prohibited goods; and     
Art.4.6.b  (b) nothing in this Convention shall be interpreted as limiting the sovereign right of Parties to act individually or collectively, consistent with their international obligations, to ban the importation of domestically prohibited goods into areas under their jurisdiction.  SOVR   
Art.5  Article 5  NATBS NATBF SUBS  NATBS NATBF 
Art.5.1  1. To facilitate the implementation of this Convention, each Party shall designate or establish one competent authority and one focal point. A Party need not designate or establish new or separate authorities to perform the functions of the competent authority and the focal point.     
Art.5.2  2. The competent authority shall be responsible for the implementation of notification procedures for transboundary movement of hazardous wastes in accordance with the provisions of Article 6 of this Convention.     
Art.5.3  3 The focal point shall be responsible for transmitting and receiving information in accordance with the provisions of Article 7 of this Convention.  INFO  INFO 
Art.5.4  4. The Parties shall inform the Secretariat, within three months of the date of the entry into force of this Convention for them, which authorities they have designated or established as the competent authority and the focal point.     
Art.6  Article 6  SUBS  IMPL 
Art.6.1  1. The exporting Party shall notify, or shall require the generator or exporter to notify, in writing, through its competent authority, the competent authority of the countries concerned of any proposed transboundary movement of hazardous wastes. Such notification shall contain the declarations and information specified in Annex VIA of this Convention, written in a language acceptable to the importing Party. Only one notification needs to be sent to each country concerned.  ATTACH INFO  ATTACH INFO 
Art.6.2  2. The importing Party shall acknowledge within reasonable time, which in the case of Other Parties shall not exceed fourteen working days, the receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. The importing Party shall have sixty days after issuing the acknowledgement to inform the notifier that it is consenting to the movement, with or without conditions, denying permission for the movement or requesting additional information. In the event that additional information has been sought, a new period of twenty one days recommences from the time of receipt of the additional information.  INFO  INFO 
Art.6.3  3. The exporting Party shall not allow the transboundary movement until it has received:     
Art.6.3.a  (a) written consent of the importing Party;     
Art.6.3.b  (b) written consent from every transit Party;     
Art.6.3.c  (c) written consent of every non-Party country of transit;     
Art.6.3.d  (d) written confirmation from the importing Party of the existence of a contract between the exporter and the disposer specifying the environmentally sound management of the wastes in question; and     
Art.6.3.e  (e) written confirmation from the exporter of the existence of adequate insurance, bond or other guarantee satisfactory to the exporting Party.     
Art.6.4  4. Each transit Party shall acknowledge within reasonable time, which in the case of Other Parties shall not exceed fourteen working days, the receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. Each transit Party shall have sixty days after issuing the acknowledgement to inform the notifier that it is consenting to the movement, with or without conditions, denying permission for the movement or requesting additional information. In the event that additional information has been sought, a new period of twenty one days recommences from the time of receipt of the additional information.    INFO 
Art.6.5  5. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes, where the wastes are legally defined as or are considered to be hazardous wastes only:     
Art.6.5.a  (a) by the exporting Party, the requirement at paragraph 10 of this Article, that any transboundary movement shall be covered by insurance, bond or other guarantee shall be as required by the exporting Party; or     
Art.6.5.b  (b) by the importing Party, or the transit Party, the requirements of paragraphs 1, 3, 4, and 6 of this Article that apply to the exporter and exporting Party, shall apply mutatis mutandis to the importer or disposer and importing Party, respectively; or     
Art.6.5.c  (c) by any transit Party, the provisions of paragraph 4 of this Article shall apply to such Party.     
Art.6.6  6. The exporting Party may, subject to the written consent of the countries concerned, allow the generator or the exporter to use a general notification where hazardous wastes having the same physical and chemical characteristics are shipped regularly to the same disposer via the same customs office of exit of the exporting Party, via the same customs office of entry of the importing Party, and, in the case of transit, via the same customs office of entry and exit of the Party or Parties of transit.     
Art.6.7  7. The countries concerned may make their written consent to the use of the general notification referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article subject to the supply of certain information, such as the exact quantities or periodical lists of hazardous wastes to be shipped.     
Art.6.8  8. The general notification and written consent referred to in paragraphs 6 and 7 of this Article may cover multiple shipments of hazardous wastes during a maximum period of twelve months.     
Art.6.9  9. Each transboundary movement of hazardous wastes shall be accompanied by a movement document which includes the information listed in Annex VIB. The Parties to this Convention shall require that each person who takes charge of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes sign the movement document either upon delivery or receipt of the wastes in question. They shall also require the disposer to inform both the exporter and the competent authority of the exporting Party of receipt by the disposer of the wastes in question and, in due course, of the completion of disposal as specified in the notification. If no such information is received by the exporting Party, the competent authority of the exporting Party or the exporter shall so notify the importing Party.  ATTACH INFO  INFO ATTACH 
Art.6.10  10. Any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes shall be covered by insurance, bond or other guarantee as may be required or agreed to by the importing Party or any transit Party.     
Art.7  Article 7     
Art.7.1  1. The Parties shall ensure that in the case of an accident occurring during the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or their disposal which is likely to present risks to human health and the environment in other States and Parties, those States and Parties and the Secretariat are immediately informed.  INFO  INFO 
Art.7.2  2. The Parties shall inform one another, through the Secretariat, of:  INFO  INFO 
Art.7.2.a  (a) changes regarding the designation of competent authorities and/or focal points, pursuant to Article 5 of this Convention; and     
Art.7.2.b  (b) changes in their national definition of hazardous wastes, pursuant to Article 3 of this Convention.     
Art.7.3  3. The Parties, consistent with national laws and regulations, shall set up information collection and dissemination mechanisms on hazardous wastes to enable the Secretariat to fulfil the functions listed in Article 14.  INFO  INFO 
Art.8  Article 8  IMPL SUBS  IMPL 
Art.8.1  1. The exporting Party shall adopt appropriate administrative and legal measures to ensure that when an authorised transboundary movement of hazardous wastes cannot be completed in accordance with the terms of the contract or of this Convention, the wastes in question are returned to it by the exporter. To this end, the importing Party and the transit Party or Parties shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the exporting Party.     
Art.8.2  2. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article, where an authorised transboundary movement of hazardous wastes cannot be completed within the terms of the contract or the terms of this Convention, the exporting Party need not re-import those wastes provided that alternative arrangements are made for the disposal of the wastes in a manner which is compatible with the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes as required by this Convention and other international legal obligations. Such disposal shall take place within ninety days from the time that the importing Party informed the exporting Party and the Secretariat, or such other period of time as the Parties concerned agree.    SCIR 
Art.9  Article 9  SUBS IMPL SECF  DEFN IMPL SECF 
Art.9.1  1. For the purpose of this Convention, any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes shall be deemed to be illegal traffic if:     
Art.9.1.a  (a) carried out without notification, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, to all countries concerned;     
Art.9.1.b  (b) carried out without the consent, pursuant to the provisions of this Convention, of a country concerned;     
Art.9.1.c  (c) consent is obtained from countries concerned through falsification, misrepresentation or fraud;     
Art.9.1.d  (d) the contents do not conform in a material way with the supporting documentation;     
Art.9.1.e  (e) it results in deliberate disposal of hazardous wastes in contravention of this Convention, other relevant international instruments and of general principles of international law; or     
Art.9.1.f  (f) it is in contravention of the import or export bans established by Article 4.1.     
Art.9.2  2. Each Party shall introduce or adopt appropriate national legislation to prevent and punish illegal traffic. The Parties shall cooperate with a view to achieving the objects of this Article.     
Art.9.3.a  3. (a) In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the exporter or generator, the exporting Party shall ensure that, within thirty days from the time the exporting Party has been informed about the illegal traffic or such other period of time the countries concerned may agree, the wastes in question are either:     
Art.9.3.a.i  (i) taken back by the exporter or generator or if necessary by itself into the exporting Party; or, if impracticable,     
Art.9.3.a.ii  (ii) otherwise disposed of in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;     
Art.9.3.b  (b) in the case of paragraph 3(a)(i) of this Article, the Parties concerned shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the exporting Party.     
Art.9.4  4. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as a result of conduct on the part of the importer or disposer, the importing Party shall ensure that the wastes in question are disposed of in an environmentally sound manner by the importer or disposer or, if necessary, by itself within thirty days from the time the illegal traffic has come to the attention of the importing Party or such time as the countries concerned may agree. To this end, the importing Party and the exporting Party shall cooperate, as necessary, in the disposal of the wastes in an environmentally sound manner.     
Art.9.5  5. In cases where the responsibility for the illegal traffic cannot be assigned either to the exporter or generator or to the importer or disposer, the Parties concerned or any other Parties, as appropriate, shall ensure through cooperation that the wastes in question are disposed of as soon as possible in an environmentally sound manner either in the exporting Party or the importing Party or elsewhere as appropriate.     
Art.9.6  6. The Secretariat shall undertake the necessary coordination with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention in relation to the effective prevention and monitoring of illegal traffic in hazardous wastes. Such coordination shall include:  RELA  RELA SCIR 
Art.9.6.a  (a) exchanging information on incidents or alleged incidents of illegal traffic in the Convention Area and on the appropriate steps to remedy such incidents; and  INFO  INFO SCIR 
Art.9.6.b  (b) providing assistance in the field of capacity building including development of national legislation and of appropriate infrastructure in the Pacific Island Developing Parties with a view to the prevention and penalization of illegal traffic of hazardous wastes.    SCIR 
Art.10  Article 10  SUBS  SECF 
Art.10.1  1. The Parties to this Convention shall cooperate with one another, non-Parties and relevant regional and international organisations, to facilitate the availability of adequate treatment and disposal facilities and to improve and achieve the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes. Such facilities shall be located within the Convention Area to the extent practicable taking into account social, technological and economic considerations.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.10.2  2. To this end, the Parties shall:     
Art.10.2.a  (a) upon request, make information available, whether on a bilateral or regional basis, with a view to promoting the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes, including harmonisation of relevant technical standards and practices;  INFO SCIR  INFO SCIR 
Art.10.2.b  (b) cooperate in monitoring the effects of hazardous wastes and their management on human health and the environment;    SCIR 
Art.10.2.c  (c) cooperate, subject to their national laws and policies, in the development and implementation of new environmentally sound and cleaner production technologies and the improvement of existing technologies. Such cooperation shall be with a view to eliminating, as far as practicable, the generation of hazardous wastes and achieving more effective and efficient methods of ensuring their management in an environmentally sound manner, including the study of the economic, social and environmental impacts of the adoption of such new and improved technologies;  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.10.2.d  (d) cooperate, subject to their national laws and policies, actively in the transfer of technology and management systems related to the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes. They shall also cooperate in developing the technical capacity and infrastructure of Parties, especially those which may need and request technical assistance in this field; and  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.10.2.e  (e) cooperate in developing appropriate technical guidelines and/or codes of practice.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.10.3  3. The Secretariat shall encourage Other Parties and other concerned developed countries to take all practicable steps to promote, facilitate and finance, as appropriate, the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies and know-how to Pacific Island Developing Parties, to enable them to implement the provisions of this Convention. Other Parties undertake to cooperate with the Secretariat in this regard.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.10.4  4. Taking into account the needs of developing countries, Parties shall encourage cooperation with international organisations in order to promote, among other things, public awareness, the development of rational management of hazardous wastes, and the adoption of new technologies which are environmentally sound, including cleaner production technologies.  SCIR  INFO SCIR 
Art.11  Article 11  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.11.1  1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 4.4(g), Parties to this Convention may enter into bilateral, regional or multilateral agreements or arrangements with non-Parties regarding the transboundary movement and management of hazardous wastes provided that such agreements or arrangements do not derogate from the provisions of Article 4.1 or from the environmentally sound management of such wastes as required by this Convention.     
Art.11.2  2. The Parties shall notify the Secretariat of any bilateral, regional or multilateral agreements or arrangements referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article and those which they have entered into prior to the entry into force of this Convention for them, for the purpose of controlling transboundary movements of hazardous wastes which take place entirely among the parties to such agreements or arrangements.  INFO   
Art.11.3  3. The provisions of this Convention shall not affect transboundary movements of hazardous wastes which take place pursuant to such agreements or arrangements provided that such agreements or arrangements are compatible with the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes as required by this Convention.  SOVR   
Art.12  Article 12  HOBF  HOBF 
Art.12.1x  The Conference of the Parties shall consider the preparation and adoption of appropriate arrangements in the field of liability and compensation arising from transboundary movements of hazardous wastes in the Convention Area without prejudice to the application and further development of relevant rules of international law.     
Art.13  Article 13  HOBS FINAD HOBF REVW AMND SBS  HOBS HOBF FINAD REVW AMND SBS 
Art.13.1  1. A Conference of the Parties to this Convention is hereby established. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened not later than one year after the entry into force of this Convention. Thereafter, ordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties shall be held at regular intervals to be determined by the Conference at its first meeting. The quorum for meetings of the Conference of the Parties shall be two-thirds of the Parties.     
Art.13.2  2. The Conference of the Parties shall adopt by consensus at its first ordinary meeting, or as soon as practicable thereafter, Rules of Procedure. It shall also adopt by consensus financial rules, including the scale of contributions of the Parties to this Convention to the regular budget.     
Art.13.3  3. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall consider the adoption of any additional measures in accordance with the Precautionary principle relating to the implementation of this Convention.     
Art.13.4  4. The Conference of the Parties shall keep under continuous review and evaluation the effective implementation of this Convention, and in particular, shall:     
Art.13.4.a  (a) promote the harmonisation, at high levels of protection, of appropriate legislation, policies, strategies and measures for minimising harm to human health and the environment;     
Art.13.4.b  (b) consider and adopt, where necessary, amendments to this Convention, and its annexes, taking into consideration, inter alia , available scientific, technical, economic and environmental information;  ATTACH SCIR  SCIR ATTACH 
Art.13.4.c  (c) examine and approve the regular budget prepared by the Secretariat in accordance with Article 14;     
Art.13.4.d  (d) consider and undertake any additional action that may be necessary for the achievement of the purposes of this Convention in the light of experience gained in the operation of the Convention and developments elsewhere;     
Art.13.4.e  (e) consider and adopt protocols as necessary;     
Art.13.4.f  (f) establish and/or designate such subsidiary bodies or agencies as are deemed necessary for the implementation of this Convention; and     
Art.13.4.g  (g) determine and adopt appropriate rules and procedures for the acceptance of new Parties to this Convention in accordance with Article 23 and Annexes III and IV.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.13.5  5. Any State which is eligible to become a Party to this Convention may be represented as an observer at meetings of the Conference of the Parties. Any other State or any body or agency, whether national, regional or international, governmental or non-governmental, with an interest in the subject matter of this Convention which has informed the Secretariat of its wish to be represented as an observer at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties, may be admitted unless at least one-third of the Parties present object. The admission and participation of observers shall be subject to the rules of procedure adopted by the Conference of the Parties.     
Art.14  Article 14  SECS SECF FINAD  SECS SECF FINAD 
Art.14.1  1. A Secretariat for this Convention is hereby established. The functions of the Secretariat shall be to:     
Art.14.1.a  (a) arrange and service meetings of the Parties to this Convention;     
Art.14.1.b  (b) prepare the regular budget of the Conference of the Parties, as required by this Convention;     
Art.14.1.c  (c) prepare and transmit reports based upon information received in accordance with Articles 3, 4, 7, and 11 of this Convention;  INFO  INFO 
Art.14.1.d  (d) prepare and transmit information derived from meetings of subsidiary bodies and agencies established under Article 13 of this Convention or provided by relevant inter-governmental and non-governmental entities;  INFO  INFO 
Art.14.1.e  (e) ensure coordination with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention and other relevant international and regional bodies, and in particular to enter into such administrative arrangements as may be required for the effective discharge of its functions;  RELA  RELA 
Art.14.1.f  (f) communicate with the competent authorities and focal points established by the Parties in accordance with Article 5 of this Convention as well as appropriate inter-governmental and non-governmental organisations which may provide financial and/or technical assistance in the implementation of this Convention;  SCIR INFO   
Art.14.1.g  (g) compile information concerning approved sites and facilities available for the disposal of hazardous wastes and means of transport to these sites and facilities and to circulate this information;  INFO  SCIR 
Art.14.1.h  (h) receive and convey on request to Parties information on available sources of technical and scientific expertise;  SCIR INFO  INFO SCIR 
Art.14.1.i  (i) receive and convey on request to Parties information on consultants or consulting firms having the necessary technical competence in the field which can assist them with examining a notification for a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes, the concurrence of a shipment of hazardous wastes with the relevant notification, and/or whether the proposed disposal facilities for hazardous wastes are environmentally sound, when they have reason to believe that the wastes in question will not be managed in an environmentally sound manner;  SCIR INFO  INFO SCIR 
Art.14.1.j  (j) assist Parties to this Convention in their identification of cases of illegal traffic and to circulate immediately to the Parties concerned any information it has received regarding illegal traffic, and to undertake the necessary coordination with the Secretariat of the Basel Convention as provided for in Article 9.6;  INFO RELA  INFO RELA 
Art.14.1.k  (k) to cooperate with countries concerned and with relevant and competent international organisations and agencies in the provision of experts and equipment for the purpose of rapid assistance in the event of an emergency situation in the Convention Area;     
Art.14.1.l  (l) to report the information prescribed in paragraph 2 of this Article, to the Parties to this Convention, before the end of each calendar year; and  INFO  INFO 
Art.14.1.m  (m) to perform such other functions relevant to the purposes of this Convention as may be determined by the Conference of the Parties.     
Art.14.2  2. The Secretariat shall transmit to the Parties, before the end of each calendar year, a report taking into account material provided by Parties under Articles 4.4(f) and 7.3 on the previous calendar year, containing the following:  INFO  INFO 
Art.14.2.a  (a) information regarding transboundary movement of hazardous wastes in which Parties have been involved, including:    SCIR 
Art.14.2.a.i  (i) the quantity of hazardous wastes exported, their category, characteristics, destination, any transit country and disposal method as stated in the notification;    SCIR 
Art.14.2.a.ii  (ii) the amount of hazardous wastes imported, their category, characteristics, origin, and disposal methods;    SCIR 
Art.14.2.a.iii  (iii) disposals which did not proceed as intended; and    SCIR 
Art.14.2.a.iv  (iv) efforts to achieve a reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes subject to transboundary movement.    SCIR 
Art.14.2.b  (b) information on measures adopted by Parties in the implementation of this Convention;     
Art.14.2.c  (c) information where it is available on the effects on human health and the environment from the generation, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes in the Convention Area. The information may take the form of statistical data;  SCIR   
Art.14.2.d  (d) information on accidents occurring during transboundary movements, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes and on measures undertaken to deal with them;    SCIR 
Art.14.2.e  (e) information on environmentally sound treatment and disposal options operated by Parties; and    SCIR 
Art.14.2.f  (f) information on measures undertaken by Parties for the development of cleaner production technologies for the reduction and/or elimination of the production of hazardous wastes.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.14.3  3. The Secretariat's functions shall be carried out by SPREP.  RELA  RELA 
Art.15  Article 15  HOBF FINPR  FINPR 
Art.15.1x  The Conference of the Parties shall consider the establishment of a revolving fund to assist on an interim basis in case of emergency situations to minimise damage from disasters or accidents arising from transboundary movement or disposal of hazardous wastes within the Convention Area.     
Art.16  Article 16  AMND HOBF SECF DEPO EIF DEFN  AMND HOBF SECF DEPO EIF 
Art.16.1  1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention.     
Art.16.2  2. Amendments to this Convention may be adopted only at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties at which at least two-thirds of the Parties are represented. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the Signatories to this Convention and to the Depositary for their information.     
Art.16.3  3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of Parties present and voting, each Party having one vote, and shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, approval or acceptance.     
Art.16.4  4. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of amendments shall be deposited with the Depositary. Amendments shall enter into force between Parties having accepted such amendments on the ninetieth day following the date of receipt by the Depositary of the instruments of at least three-fourths of the Parties to this Convention. Thereafter the amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after the date on which that Party deposits its instrument.     
Art.16.5  5. For the purpose of this Article, "Parties present and voting" means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.     
Art.17  Article 17  HOBF SUBS  AMND SECF HOBF EIF 
Art.17.1  1. The Conference of the Parties may, at any ordinary meeting, adopt protocols to this Convention.     
Art.17.2  2. The text of any proposed protocol shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption.     
Art.17.3  3. The procedure specified in Article 16.3 shall apply to the adoption of, and any amendments to, any protocol.     
Art.17.4  4. The requirements for the entry into force of any protocol or subsequent amendments to such protocol shall be established by that protocol.     
Art.17.5  5. Decisions under any protocol shall be taken only by the Parties to that protocol.     
Art.18  Article 18  AMND EIF DEPO  DEPO EIF 
Art.18.1  1. The annexes to this Convention shall form an integral part of this Convention and, unless expressly provided otherwise, a reference to this Convention constitutes, at the same time a reference to any annexes thereto. Such annexes shall be restricted to scientific, technical and administrative matters.  ATTACH SCIR  ATTACH SCIR 
Art.18.2  2. The following procedures shall apply to the proposal, adoption and entry into force of additional annexes, or amendments to annexes, to this Convention:  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.2.a  (a) such additional annexes or amendments to annexes shall be proposed and adopted according to the procedure laid down in Articles 16.1, 16.2 and 16.3 of this Convention;  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.2.b  (b) any Party that is unable to accept such additional annexes or amendments to annexes, shall so notify the Depositary, in writing, within six months from the date of the communication of the adoption by the Depositary. The Depositary shall without delay notify all Parties of any such notification received. A Party may at any time substitute an acceptance for a previous declaration of objection and the annexes or amendments to annexes shall thereupon enter into force for that Party; and  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.2.c  (c) upon the expiration of six months from the date of the circulation of the communication by the Depositary, the annexes or amendments to annexes shall enter into force for all Parties to this Convention, which have not submitted a notification in accordance with the provisions of sub-paragraph (b) above.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.18.3  3. If an additional annex or an amendment to an annex involves an amendment to this Convention or to any protocol, the additional annex or amended annex shall not enter into force until such time as the amendment to this Convention or to the protocol enters into force.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.19  Article 19  DISP HOBF  DISP HOBF 
Art.19.1  1. Any Party which has reason to believe that another Party is acting or has acted in breach of its obligations under this Convention may inform the Secretariat thereof, and in such an event, shall simultaneously and immediately inform, directly or through the Secretariat, the Party against whom the allegations are made. All relevant information should be submitted by the Secretariat to the Parties.     
Art.19.2  2. The Conference of the Parties shall consider the adoption of a protocol dealing with detailed procedures and arrangements for the verification of alleged breaches of obligations under this Convention.     
Art.20  Article 20  DISP  DISP SECF 
Art.20.1  1. In case of a dispute between Parties as to the interpretation or application of, or compliance with, this Convention or any protocol thereto, the Parties concerned shall seek a settlement of the dispute through negotiation, mediation or any other peaceful means of their own choice.     
Art.20.2  2. If the Parties concerned cannot settle their dispute through the means mentioned in paragraph 1 of this Article, the dispute, if the Parties to the dispute agree, shall be submitted to arbitration under the conditions set out in Annex VII of this Convention or to the International Court of Justice. However, failure to reach common agreement on submission of the dispute to arbitration or to the International Court of Justice shall not absolve the Parties from the responsibility of continuing to seek to resolve it by the means referred to in paragraph 1.  ATTACH RELA  RELA ATTACH 
Art.20.3  3. When ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to this Convention, or at any time thereafter, a Party may declare that it recognises as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation:     
Art.20.3.a  (a) arbitration in accordance with the procedures set out in Annex VII; and/or  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.20.3.b  (b) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice.  RELA  RELA 
Art.20.4x  Such declaration shall be notified in writing to the Secretariat which shall communicate it to the Parties.     
Art.21  Article 21  MEMB  MEMB 
Art.21.1  1. This Convention shall be open for signature by the Members of the South Pacific Forum at Waigani, Papua New Guinea, on 16 September 1995.  RELA   
Art.21.2  2. This Convention shall remain open for signature by the Members of the South Pacific Forum from 22 September 1995 until 21 March 1996 at the South Pacific Forum Secretariat, Suva.  RELA   
Art.22  Article 22  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.22.1x  This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by Members of the South Pacific Forum. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Depositary.  RELA   
Art.23  Article 23  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.23.1  1. This Convention shall be open for accession by Members of the South Pacific Forum from the day after the date on which the Convention is closed for signature. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary.  RELA   
Art.23.2  2. Other States not members of the South Pacific Forum which have territories in the Convention Area may accede to the Convention. In addition, other States which do not have territories in the Convention Area may also accede to the Convention pursuant to a decision of the Conference of the Parties under Article 13.4(g).  RELA   
Art.24  Article 24  EIF  EIF 
Art.24.1x  This Convention shall enter into force thirty days from the date of deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession and thereafter for each State thirty days after the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.     
Art.25  Article 25  RESV  RESV 
Art.25.1  1. No reservations or exceptions shall be made to this Convention.     
Art.25.2  2. Paragraph 1 of this Article does not preclude a signatory or Party when signing, ratifying or acceding to this Convention, from making declarations or statements, however phrased or named, with a view, inter alia , to the harmonisation of its laws and regulations with the provisions of this Convention, provided that such declarations or statements do not purport to exclude or to modify the legal effect of the provisions of this Convention in their application to that Party.     
Art.26  Article 26  RESV  RESV 
Art.26.1  1. At any time after three years from the date on which this Convention has entered into force for a Party, that Party may withdraw by giving written notification to the Depositary.     
Art.26.2  2. Withdrawal shall be effective one year after receipt of notification by the Depositary, or on such later date as may be specified in the notification.     
Art.26.3  3. Withdrawal shall not exempt any withdrawing Party from fulfilling any obligations it might have incurred under this Convention, whilst a Party to this Convention.     
Art.27  Article 27  DEPO  DEPO 
Art.27.1x  The Secretary General of the South Pacific Forum Secretariat shall be the Depositary of this Convention and of any protocols thereto.  RELA  RELA 
Art.28  Article 28  DEPO  DEPO 
Art.28.1x  This Convention, as soon as it enters into force, shall be registered by the Depositary with the Secretary-General of the United Nations in conformity with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.  RELA  RELA 
Conc.1  IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorised to that effect, have signed this Convention:  CONC  CONC TEXT 
Conc.2  [Signatures not reproduced here.]     
Conc.3  For the Government of Australia:     
Conc.4  For the Government of the Cook Islands:     
Conc.5  For the Government of the Federated States of Micronesia:     
Conc.6  For the Government of the Republic of Fiji:     
Conc.7  For the Government of the Republic of Kiribati:     
Conc.8  For the Government of the Republic of Nauru:     
Conc.9  For the Government of New Zealand:     
Conc.10  For the Government of Niue:     
Conc.11  For the Government of the Republic of Palau:     
Conc.12  For the Government of Papua New Guinea:     
Conc.13  For the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands:     
Conc.14  For the Government of Solomon Islands:     
Conc.15  For the Government of Tonga:     
Conc.16  For the Government of Tuvalu:     
Conc.17  For the Government of Vanuatu:     
Conc.18  For the Government of Western Samoa:     
Conc.19  DONE at Waigani, Papua New Guinea, on the sixteenth day of September in the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety five, in a single original in the English language.     
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 22 November 2017