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1986: European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimenttal And Other Scientific Purposes

Related Lineage is:
Provisions coded as containing the code: SCIR
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Pre.5  Accepting nevertheless that man in his quest for knowledge, health and safety has a need to use animals where there is a reasonable expectation that the result will be to extend knowledge or be to the overall benefit of man or animal, just as he uses them for food, clothing and as beasts of burden;    SCIR 
Pre.6  Resolved to limit the use of animals for experimental and other scientific purposes, with the aim of replacing such use wherever practical, in particular by seeking alternative measures and encouraging the use of these alternative measures;  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.2.1x  A procedure may be performed for one or more of the following purposes only and subject to the restrictions laid down in this Convention:  SCIR   
Art.2.1x.a.i  i avoidance or prevention of disease, ill-health or other abnormality, or their effects, in man, vertebrate or invertebrate animals or plants, including the production and the quality, efficacy and safety testing of drugs, substances or products;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.a.ii  ii diagnosis or treatment of disease, ill-health or other abnormality, or their effects, in man, vertebrate or invertebrate animals or plants;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.b  b detection, assessment, regulation or modification of physiological conditions in man, vertebrate and invertebrate animals or plants;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.c  c protection of the environment;     
Art.2.1x.d  d scientific research;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.e  e education and training;    INFO 
Art.2.1x.f  f forensic inquiries.    SCIR 
Art.5.1  1. Any animal used or intended for use in a procedure shall be provided with accommodation, an environment, at least a minimum degree of freedom of movement, food, water and care, appropriate to its health and well-being. Any restriction on the extent to which an animal can satisfy its physiological and ethological needs shall be limited as far as practicable. In the implementation of this provision, regard should be paid to the guidelines for accommodation and care of animals set out in Appendix A to this Convention.  SCIR ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.5.2  2. The environmental conditions in which animals are bred, kept or used shall be checked daily.  SCIR   
Art.5.3  3. The well-being and state of health of animals shall be observed sufficiently closely and frequently to prevent pain or avoidable suffering, distress or lasting harm.  SCIR   
Art.5.4  4. Each Party shall determine arrangements to ensure that any defect or suffering discovered is corrected as quickly as possible.  SCIR   
Art.6.1  1. A procedure shall not be performed for any of the purposes referred to in Article 2, if another scientifically satisfactory method, not entailing the use of an animal, is reasonably and practicably available.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.6.2  2. Each Party should encourage scientific research into the development of methods which could provide the same information as that obtained in procedures.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.7.1x  When a procedure has to be performed, the choice of species shall be carefully considered and, where required, be explained to the responsible authority; in a choice between procedures, those should be selected which use the minimum number of animals, cause the least pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm and which are most likely to provide satisfactory results.  SCIR  SCIR INFO 
Art.8.1x  A procedure shall be performed under general or local anaesthesia or analgesia or by other methods designed to eliminate as far as practicable pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm applied throughout the procedure unless:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.8.1x.a  a the pain caused by the procedure is less than the impairment of the animal's well-being caused by the use of anaesthesia or analgesia, or     
Art.8.1x.b  b the use of anaesthesia or analgesia is incompatible with the aim of the procedure. In such cases, appropriate legislative and/or administrative measures shall be taken to ensure that no such procedure is carried out unnecessarily.     
Art.9.1  1. Where it is planned to subject an animal to a procedure in which it will or may experience severe pain which is likely to endure, that procedure must be specifically declared and justified to, or specifically authorised by, the responsible authority.  SCIR  SCIR INFO 
Art.10.1x  During a procedure, an animal used shall remain subject to the provisions of Article 5 except where those provisions are incompatible with the objective of the procedure.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11.1  1. At the end of the procedure it shall be decided whether the animal shall be kept alive or killed by a humane method. An animal shall not be kept alive if, even though it has been restored to normal health in all other respects, it is likely to remain in lasting pain or distress.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11.2  2. The decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be taken by a competent person, in particular a veterinarian, or the person who, in accordance with Article 13, is responsible for, or has performed, the procedure.  SCIR   
Art.11.3  3. Where, at the end of the procedure:  SCIR   
Art.11.3.a  a an animal is to be kept alive, it shall receive the care appropriate to its state of health, be placed under the supervision of a veterinarian or other competent person and kept under conditions conforming to the requirements of Article 5. The conditions laid down in this sub-paragraph may, however, be waived where, in the opinion of a veterinarian, the animal would not suffer as a consequence of such exemption;     
Art.11.3.b  b an animal is not to be kept alive or cannot benefit from the provisions of Article 5 for its well-being, it shall be killed by a humane method as soon as possible.     
Art.11.4  4. No animal which has been used in a procedure entailing severe or enduring pain or suffering, irrespective of whether anaesthesia or analgesia was employed, shall be used in a further procedure unless it has returned to good health and well-being and either:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11.4.a  a the further procedure is one in which the animal is subject throughout to general anaesthesia which is to be maintained until the animal is killed; or     
Art.11.4.b  b the further procedure will involve minor interventions only.     
Art.12.1x  Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Convention, where it is necessary for the legitimate purposes of the procedure, the responsible authority may allow the animal concerned to be set free provided that it is satisfied that the maximum practicable care has been taken to safeguard the animal's well-being. Procedures that involve setting the animal free shall not be permitted solely for educational or training purposes.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.13.1x  A procedure for the purposes referred to in Article 2 may be carried out by persons authorised, or under the direct responsibility of a person authorised, or if the experimental or other scientific project concerned is authorised in accordance with the provisions of national legislation. Authorisation shall be granted only to persons deemed to be competent by the responsible authority.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.14.1x  Breeding and supplying establishments shall be registered with the responsible authority subject to the grant of an exemption under Article 21 or Article 22. Such registered establishments shall comply with the requirements of Article 5.  SCIR   
Art.15.1x  The registration provided for in Article 14 shall specifiy the person in charge of the establishment, who shall be competent to administer or arrange for suitable care for animals of the species bred or kept in the establishment.  SCIR   
Art.16.1  1. Arrangements shall be made at registered breeding establishments to record, in respect of the animals bred there, the number and species of such animals leaving, the dates they leave and the name and address of the recipient.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.16.2  2. Arrangements shall be made at registered supplying establishments to record the number and species of such animals entering and leaving, the dates of these movements, from whom the animals concerned were acquired and the name and address of the recipient.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.16.3  3. The responsible authority shall prescribe the records which are to be kept and made available to it by the person in charge of the establishments mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article. Such records shall be kept for a minimum of three years from the date of the last entry.  SCIR   
Art.17.1  1. Each dog and cat in an establishment shall be individually and permanently marked in the least painful manner possible before it is weaned.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.2  2. Where an unmarked dog or cat is taken into an establishment for the first time after it has been weaned, it shall be marked as soon as possible.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.3  3. Where a dog or cat is transferred from one establishment to another before it is weaned and it is not practical to mark it beforehand, a full documentary record, specifying in particular its mother, shall be kept until it can be marked.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.4  4. Particulars of the identity and origin of each dog or cat shall be entered in the records of the establishment.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.18.1x  User establishments shall be registered with or otherwise approved by the responsible authority and shall comply with the conditions laid down in Article 5.  SCIR   
Art.19.1x  Provisions shall be made at user establishments for installations and equipment appropriate for the species of animals used and the performance of the procedures conducted there. The design, construction and functioning of such installations and equipment shall be such as to ensure that the procedures are performed as effectively as possible, with the object of obtaining consistent results with the minimum number of animals and the minimum degree of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm.  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.a  a the person or persons who are administratively responsible for the care of the animals and the functioning of the equipment shall be identified;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.b  b sufficient trained staff shall be provided;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.c  c adequate arrangements shall be made for the provision of veterinary advice and treatment;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.d  d a veterinarian or other competent person should be charged with advisory duties in relation to the well-being of the animals.  SCIR   
Art.21.1  1. Animals of the species listed below which are for use in procedures shall be acquired directly from or originate from registered breeding establishments, unless a general or special exemption has been obtained under arrangements to be determined by the Party:   SCIR   
Art.21.2  2. Each Party undertakes to extend the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article to other species, in particular of the order of primates, as soon as there is a reasonable prospect of a sufficient supply of purpose-bred animals of the species concerned.  SCIR   
Art.21.3  3. Straying animals of a domesticated species shall not be used in procedures. A general exemption made under the conditions of paragraph 1 of this article may not extend to stray dogs and cats.  SCIR   
Art.22.1x  In user establishments, only animals supplied from registered breeding or supplying establishments shall be used, unless a general or special exemption has been obtained under arrangements to be determined by the Party.  SCIR   
Art.23.1x  Procedures may, where authorised by the responsible authority, be conducted outside user establishments.  SCIR   
Art.24.1x  Arrangements shall be made at user establishments to maintain records and make them available as required by the responsible authority. In particular, these records shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of Article 27 and, in addition, show the number and species of all animals acquired, from whom they were acquired and their date of arrival.  SCIR   
Art.25.1  1. Procedures carried out for the purpose of education, training or further training for professions or other occupations, including the care of animals being used or intended for use in procedures, must be notified to the responsible authority and shall be carried out by or under the supervision of a competent person, who will be resposible for ensuring that the procedures comply with national legislation under the terms of this Convention.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.25.2  2. Procedures within the scope of education, training, or further training for purposes other than those referred to in paragraph 1 above shall not be permitted.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.25.3  3. Procedures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be restricted to those absolutely necessary for the purpose of the education or training concerned and be permitted only if their objective cannot be achieved by comparably effective audio-visual or any other suitable methods.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.26.1x  Persons who carry out procedures, or take part in procedures, or take care of animals used in procedures, including supervision, shall have had appropriate education and training.  SCIR  INFO SCIR 
Art.27.1  1. Each Party shall collect statistical information on the use of animals in procedures and this information shall where lawful be made available to the public.  SCIR INFO  SCIR INFO 
Art.27.2  2. Information shall be collected in respect of:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.27.2.a  a the numbers and kinds of animals used in procedures;     
Art.27.2.b  b the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures directly concerned with medicine and in education and training;     
Art.27.2.c  c the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures for the protection of man and the environment;     
Art.27.2.d  d the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures required by law.     
Art.28.1  1. Subject to requirements of national legislation relating to secrecy and confidentiality, each Party shall communicate every year to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe information in respect of the items mentioned in paragraph 2 of Article 27, presented in the form set out in Appendix B to this Convention.  SOVR INFO RELA ATTACH  SCIR INFO RELA ATTACH 
Art.29.1  1. In order to avoid unnecessary repetition of procedures required by law on health and safety, each Party shall, where practicable, recognise the results of procedures carried out in the territory of another Party.  SCIR   
Art.29.2  2. To that end the Parties undertake, where practicable and lawful, to render each other mutual assistance, in particular by furnishing information on their legislation and administrative practice relating to the requirements for procedures to be carried out in support of submissions for registration of products, as well as factual information on procedures carried out in their territory and on authorisation or any other administrative particulars pertaining to these procedures.  SCIR INFO  INFO 
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at:
Date accessed: 18 December 2018