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1986: European Convention For The Protection Of Vertebrate Animals Used For Experimenttal And Other Scientific Purposes

Related Lineage is: European Experimental Animals
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Titl.1  European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals used for Experimenttal and Other Scientific Purposes  TITL  TITL 
Src.1  SRC: http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Treaties/Html/123.htm, 20040823  SRC  SRC 
Pre.1  Preamble  DESC  DESC GOAL 
Pre.2  The member States of the Council of Europe, signatory hereto,  RELA  RELA 
Pre.3  Recalling that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its members and that it wishes to co-operate with other States in the protection of live animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.4  Recognising that man has a moral obligation to respect all animals and to have due consideration for their capacity for suffering and memory;     
Pre.5  Accepting nevertheless that man in his quest for knowledge, health and safety has a need to use animals where there is a reasonable expectation that the result will be to extend knowledge or be to the overall benefit of man or animal, just as he uses them for food, clothing and as beasts of burden;    SCIR 
Pre.6  Resolved to limit the use of animals for experimental and other scientific purposes, with the aim of replacing such use wherever practical, in particular by seeking alternative measures and encouraging the use of these alternative measures;  SCIR  SCIR 
Pre.7  Desirous to adopt common provisions in order to protect animals used in those procedures which may possibly cause pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm and to ensure that where unavoidable they shall be kept to a minimum,     
Pre.8  Have agreed as follows:     
Sect.1  Part I - General principles     
Art.1  Article 1  SCOP DEFN  SCOP DEFN 
Art.1.1  1. This Convention applies to any animal used or intended for use in any experimental or other scientific procedure where that procedure may cause pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm. It does not apply to any non-experimental agricultural or clinical veterinary practice.     
Art.1.2  2. In this Convention:     
Art.1.2.a  a "animal", unless otherwise qualified, means any live non-human vertebrate, including free-living and/or reproducing larval forms, but excluding other foetal or embryonic forms;     
Art.1.2.b  b "intended for use" means bred or kept for the purpose of sale, disposal or use in any experimental or other scientific procedure;     
Art.1.2.c  c "procedure" means any experimental or other scientific use of an animal which may cause it pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm, including any course of action intended to, or liable to, result in the birth of an animal in any such conditions, but excluding the least painful methods accepted in modern practice (that is "humane" methods) of killing or marking an animal.     
Art.1.2.c.ix  A procedure starts when an animal is first prepared for use and ends when no further observations are made for that procedure; the elimination of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm by the successful use of anaesthesia or analgesia or other methods does not place the use of an animal outside the scope of this definition;     
Art.1.2.d  d "competent person" means any person who is considered by a Party to be competent in its territory to perform the relevant function described in this Convention;     
Art.1.2.e  e "responsible authority" means, in the territory of a given Party, any authority, body or person designated for the relevant purpose;     
Art.1.2.f  f "establishment" means any stable or mobile facility, any building, group of buildings or other premises, including a place which is not wholly enclosed or covered;     
Art.1.2.g  g "breeding establishment" means any establishment where animals are bred with a view to their use in procedures;     
Art.1.2.h  h "supplying establishment" means any establishment, other than a breeding establishment, from which animals are supplied with a view to their use in procedures;     
Art.1.2.i  i "user establishment" means any establishment where animals are used in procedures;     
Art.1.2.j  j "humane method of killing" means the killing of an animal with a minimum of physical and mental suffering appropriate to the species.     
Art.2  Article 2  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.2.1x  A procedure may be performed for one or more of the following purposes only and subject to the restrictions laid down in this Convention:  SCIR   
Art.2.1x.a     
Art.2.1x.a.i  i avoidance or prevention of disease, ill-health or other abnormality, or their effects, in man, vertebrate or invertebrate animals or plants, including the production and the quality, efficacy and safety testing of drugs, substances or products;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.a.ii  ii diagnosis or treatment of disease, ill-health or other abnormality, or their effects, in man, vertebrate or invertebrate animals or plants;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.b  b detection, assessment, regulation or modification of physiological conditions in man, vertebrate and invertebrate animals or plants;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.c  c protection of the environment;     
Art.2.1x.d  d scientific research;    SCIR 
Art.2.1x.e  e education and training;    INFO 
Art.2.1x.f  f forensic inquiries.    SCIR 
Art.3  Article 3  IMPL  IMPL 
Art.3.1x  Each Party undertakes to take all the necessary steps to give effect to the provisions of this Convention and to ensure an effective system of control and supervision as soon as possible and in any case within a period of five years from the date of entry into force of the present Convention in respect of that Party.     
Art.4  Article 4     
Art.4.1x  No provision in this Convention shall affect the liberty of the Parties to adopt stricter measures for the protection of animals used in procedures or for the control and restriction of the use of animals in procedures.  SOVR  SOVR 
Sect.2  Part II - General care and accommodation     
Art.5  Article 5  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.5.1  1. Any animal used or intended for use in a procedure shall be provided with accommodation, an environment, at least a minimum degree of freedom of movement, food, water and care, appropriate to its health and well-being. Any restriction on the extent to which an animal can satisfy its physiological and ethological needs shall be limited as far as practicable. In the implementation of this provision, regard should be paid to the guidelines for accommodation and care of animals set out in Appendix A to this Convention.  SCIR ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.5.2  2. The environmental conditions in which animals are bred, kept or used shall be checked daily.  SCIR   
Art.5.3  3. The well-being and state of health of animals shall be observed sufficiently closely and frequently to prevent pain or avoidable suffering, distress or lasting harm.  SCIR   
Art.5.4  4. Each Party shall determine arrangements to ensure that any defect or suffering discovered is corrected as quickly as possible.  SCIR   
Sect.3  Part III - Conduct of procedure     
Art.6  Article 6     
Art.6.1  1. A procedure shall not be performed for any of the purposes referred to in Article 2, if another scientifically satisfactory method, not entailing the use of an animal, is reasonably and practicably available.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.6.2  2. Each Party should encourage scientific research into the development of methods which could provide the same information as that obtained in procedures.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.7  Article 7     
Art.7.1x  When a procedure has to be performed, the choice of species shall be carefully considered and, where required, be explained to the responsible authority; in a choice between procedures, those should be selected which use the minimum number of animals, cause the least pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm and which are most likely to provide satisfactory results.  SCIR  SCIR INFO 
Art.8  Article 8     
Art.8.1x  A procedure shall be performed under general or local anaesthesia or analgesia or by other methods designed to eliminate as far as practicable pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm applied throughout the procedure unless:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.8.1x.a  a the pain caused by the procedure is less than the impairment of the animal's well-being caused by the use of anaesthesia or analgesia, or     
Art.8.1x.b  b the use of anaesthesia or analgesia is incompatible with the aim of the procedure. In such cases, appropriate legislative and/or administrative measures shall be taken to ensure that no such procedure is carried out unnecessarily.     
Art.9  Article 9  NATBF IMPL  IMPL 
Art.9.1  1. Where it is planned to subject an animal to a procedure in which it will or may experience severe pain which is likely to endure, that procedure must be specifically declared and justified to, or specifically authorised by, the responsible authority.  SCIR  SCIR INFO 
Art.9.2  2. Appropriate legislative and/or administrative measures shall be taken to ensure that no such procedure is carried out unnecessarily. Such measures shall include:     
Art.9.2.ax  - either specific authorisation by the responsible authority;     
Art.9.2.bx  -¬†or specific declaration of such procedure to the responsible authority and judicial or administrative action by that authority if it is not satisfied that the procedure is of sufficient importance for meeting the essential needs of man or animal, includ    INFO 
Art.10  Article 10     
Art.10.1x  During a procedure, an animal used shall remain subject to the provisions of Article 5 except where those provisions are incompatible with the objective of the procedure.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11  Article 11    IMPL 
Art.11.1  1. At the end of the procedure it shall be decided whether the animal shall be kept alive or killed by a humane method. An animal shall not be kept alive if, even though it has been restored to normal health in all other respects, it is likely to remain in lasting pain or distress.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11.2  2. The decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be taken by a competent person, in particular a veterinarian, or the person who, in accordance with Article 13, is responsible for, or has performed, the procedure.  SCIR   
Art.11.3  3. Where, at the end of the procedure:  SCIR   
Art.11.3.a  a an animal is to be kept alive, it shall receive the care appropriate to its state of health, be placed under the supervision of a veterinarian or other competent person and kept under conditions conforming to the requirements of Article 5. The conditions laid down in this sub-paragraph may, however, be waived where, in the opinion of a veterinarian, the animal would not suffer as a consequence of such exemption;     
Art.11.3.b  b an animal is not to be kept alive or cannot benefit from the provisions of Article 5 for its well-being, it shall be killed by a humane method as soon as possible.     
Art.11.4  4. No animal which has been used in a procedure entailing severe or enduring pain or suffering, irrespective of whether anaesthesia or analgesia was employed, shall be used in a further procedure unless it has returned to good health and well-being and either:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.11.4.a  a the further procedure is one in which the animal is subject throughout to general anaesthesia which is to be maintained until the animal is killed; or     
Art.11.4.b  b the further procedure will involve minor interventions only.     
Art.12  Article 12  NATBF  IMPL 
Art.12.1x  Notwithstanding the other provisions of this Convention, where it is necessary for the legitimate purposes of the procedure, the responsible authority may allow the animal concerned to be set free provided that it is satisfied that the maximum practicable care has been taken to safeguard the animal's well-being. Procedures that involve setting the animal free shall not be permitted solely for educational or training purposes.  SCIR  INFO 
Sect.4  Part IV - Authorisation     
Art.13  Article 13  NATBF IMPL  IMPL 
Art.13.1x  A procedure for the purposes referred to in Article 2 may be carried out by persons authorised, or under the direct responsibility of a person authorised, or if the experimental or other scientific project concerned is authorised in accordance with the provisions of national legislation. Authorisation shall be granted only to persons deemed to be competent by the responsible authority.  SCIR  SCIR 
Sect.5  Part V - Breeding or supplying establishments     
Art.14  Article 14  NATBF IMPL  IMPL 
Art.14.1x  Breeding and supplying establishments shall be registered with the responsible authority subject to the grant of an exemption under Article 21 or Article 22. Such registered establishments shall comply with the requirements of Article 5.  SCIR   
Art.15  Article 15  IMPL  IMPL 
Art.15.1x  The registration provided for in Article 14 shall specifiy the person in charge of the establishment, who shall be competent to administer or arrange for suitable care for animals of the species bred or kept in the establishment.  SCIR   
Art.16  Article 16  NATBF IMPL  IMPL 
Art.16.1  1. Arrangements shall be made at registered breeding establishments to record, in respect of the animals bred there, the number and species of such animals leaving, the dates they leave and the name and address of the recipient.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.16.2  2. Arrangements shall be made at registered supplying establishments to record the number and species of such animals entering and leaving, the dates of these movements, from whom the animals concerned were acquired and the name and address of the recipient.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.16.3  3. The responsible authority shall prescribe the records which are to be kept and made available to it by the person in charge of the establishments mentioned in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article. Such records shall be kept for a minimum of three years from the date of the last entry.  SCIR   
Art.17  Article 17  SUBS   
Art.17.1  1. Each dog and cat in an establishment shall be individually and permanently marked in the least painful manner possible before it is weaned.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.2  2. Where an unmarked dog or cat is taken into an establishment for the first time after it has been weaned, it shall be marked as soon as possible.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.3  3. Where a dog or cat is transferred from one establishment to another before it is weaned and it is not practical to mark it beforehand, a full documentary record, specifying in particular its mother, shall be kept until it can be marked.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.17.4  4. Particulars of the identity and origin of each dog or cat shall be entered in the records of the establishment.  SCIR  SCIR 
Sect.6  Part VI - User establishments     
Art.18  Article 18  NATBF IMPL  IMPL 
Art.18.1x  User establishments shall be registered with or otherwise approved by the responsible authority and shall comply with the conditions laid down in Article 5.  SCIR   
Art.19  Article 19    SUBS 
Art.19.1x  Provisions shall be made at user establishments for installations and equipment appropriate for the species of animals used and the performance of the procedures conducted there. The design, construction and functioning of such installations and equipment shall be such as to ensure that the procedures are performed as effectively as possible, with the object of obtaining consistent results with the minimum number of animals and the minimum degree of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm.  SCIR   
Art.20  Article 20  SUBS  IMPL 
Art.20.1x  In user establishments:     
Art.20.1x.a  a the person or persons who are administratively responsible for the care of the animals and the functioning of the equipment shall be identified;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.b  b sufficient trained staff shall be provided;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.c  c adequate arrangements shall be made for the provision of veterinary advice and treatment;  SCIR   
Art.20.1x.d  d a veterinarian or other competent person should be charged with advisory duties in relation to the well-being of the animals.  SCIR   
Art.21  Article 21    SUBS IMPL 
Art.21.1  1. Animals of the species listed below which are for use in procedures shall be acquired directly from or originate from registered breeding establishments, unless a general or special exemption has been obtained under arrangements to be determined by the Party:   SCIR   
Art.21.1.a  Mouse     
Art.21.1.b  Mus musculus     
Art.21.1.c  Rat     
Art.21.1.d  Rattus norvegicus     
Art.21.1.e  Guinea Pig     
Art.21.1.f  Cavia porcellus     
Art.21.1.g  Golden hamster     
Art.21.1.h  Mesocricetus auratus     
Art.21.1.i  Rabbit     
Art.21.1.j  Oryctolagus cuniculus     
Art.21.1.k  Dog     
Art.21.1.l  Canis familiaris     
Art.21.1.m  Cat     
Art.21.1.n  Felis catus     
Art.21.1.o  Quail     
Art.21.1.p  Coturnix coturnix     
Art.21.2  2. Each Party undertakes to extend the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article to other species, in particular of the order of primates, as soon as there is a reasonable prospect of a sufficient supply of purpose-bred animals of the species concerned.  SCIR   
Art.21.3  3. Straying animals of a domesticated species shall not be used in procedures. A general exemption made under the conditions of paragraph 1 of this article may not extend to stray dogs and cats.  SCIR   
Art.22  Article 22    SUBS 
Art.22.1x  In user establishments, only animals supplied from registered breeding or supplying establishments shall be used, unless a general or special exemption has been obtained under arrangements to be determined by the Party.  SCIR   
Art.23  Article 23  NATBF  SUBS 
Art.23.1x  Procedures may, where authorised by the responsible authority, be conducted outside user establishments.  SCIR   
Art.24  Article 24  NATBF  IMPL 
Art.24.1x  Arrangements shall be made at user establishments to maintain records and make them available as required by the responsible authority. In particular, these records shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of Article 27 and, in addition, show the number and species of all animals acquired, from whom they were acquired and their date of arrival.  SCIR   
Sect.7  Part VII - Education and training     
Art.25  Article 25  NATBF   
Art.25.1  1. Procedures carried out for the purpose of education, training or further training for professions or other occupations, including the care of animals being used or intended for use in procedures, must be notified to the responsible authority and shall be carried out by or under the supervision of a competent person, who will be resposible for ensuring that the procedures comply with national legislation under the terms of this Convention.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.25.2  2. Procedures within the scope of education, training, or further training for purposes other than those referred to in paragraph 1 above shall not be permitted.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.25.3  3. Procedures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be restricted to those absolutely necessary for the purpose of the education or training concerned and be permitted only if their objective cannot be achieved by comparably effective audio-visual or any other suitable methods.  SCIR  INFO 
Art.26  Article 26     
Art.26.1x  Persons who carry out procedures, or take part in procedures, or take care of animals used in procedures, including supervision, shall have had appropriate education and training.  SCIR  INFO SCIR 
Sect.8  Part VIII - Statistical information     
Art.27  Article 27     
Art.27.1  1. Each Party shall collect statistical information on the use of animals in procedures and this information shall where lawful be made available to the public.  SCIR INFO  SCIR INFO 
Art.27.2  2. Information shall be collected in respect of:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.27.2.a  a the numbers and kinds of animals used in procedures;     
Art.27.2.b  b the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures directly concerned with medicine and in education and training;     
Art.27.2.c  c the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures for the protection of man and the environment;     
Art.27.2.d  d the numbers of animals in selected categories used in procedures required by law.     
Art.28  Article 28    SECF 
Art.28.1  1. Subject to requirements of national legislation relating to secrecy and confidentiality, each Party shall communicate every year to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe information in respect of the items mentioned in paragraph 2 of Article 27, presented in the form set out in Appendix B to this Convention.  SOVR INFO RELA ATTACH  SCIR INFO RELA ATTACH 
Art.28.2  2. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall publish the statistical information received from the Parties in respect of the items mentioned in paragraph 2 of Article 27.  RELA INFO  RELA INFO 
Art.28.3  3. Each Party is invited to communicate to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe the address of its national authority from which information about more comprehensive national statistics may be obtained on request. Such addresses will be contained in the publications of statistics made by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.  RELA INFO  INFO RELA 
Sect.9  Part IX - Recognition of procedures carried out in the territory of another Party     
Art.29  Article 29    SUBS IMPL 
Art.29.1  1. In order to avoid unnecessary repetition of procedures required by law on health and safety, each Party shall, where practicable, recognise the results of procedures carried out in the territory of another Party.  SCIR   
Art.29.2  2. To that end the Parties undertake, where practicable and lawful, to render each other mutual assistance, in particular by furnishing information on their legislation and administrative practice relating to the requirements for procedures to be carried out in support of submissions for registration of products, as well as factual information on procedures carried out in their territory and on authorisation or any other administrative particulars pertaining to these procedures.  SCIR INFO  INFO 
Sect.10  Part X - Multilateral consultations     
Art.30  Article 30  REVW HOBF SECF  HOBS REVW SECF 
Art.30.1x  The Parties shall, within five years from the entry into force of this Convention and every five years thereafter, or more frequently if a majority of the Parties should so request, hold multilateral consultations within the Council of Europe to examine the application of this Convention, and the advisability of revising it or extending any of its provisions. These consultations shall take place at meetings convened by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe. The Parties shall communicate the name of their representative to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe at least two months before meetings.  RELA INFO  RELA 
Sect.11  Part XI - Final Provisions     
Art.31  Article 31  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.31.1x  This Convention shall be open for signature by the member States of the Council of Europe and by the European Communities. It is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.  RELA  RELA 
Art.32  Article 32  EIF  EIF 
Art.32.1  1. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date on which four member States of the Council of Europe have expressed their consent to be bound by the Convention in accordance with the provisions of Article 31.  RELA   
Art.32.2  2. In respect of a Signatory which subsequently expresses its consent to be bound by it, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of the deposit of the instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval.     
Art.33  Article 33  MEMB EIF  MEMB EIF DEPO 
Art.33.1  1. After the entry into force of this Convention, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may invite any State not a member of the Council to accede to this Convention, by a decision taken by the majority provided for in Article 20.d of the Statute of the Council of Europe and by the unanimous vote of the representatives of the Contracting States entitled to sit on the Committee.  RELA  RELA 
Art.33.2  2. In respect of any acceding State, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of deposit of the instrument of accession with the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.  RELA  RELA 
Art.34  Article 34  RESV  RESV 
Art.34.1  1. Any Signatory may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, make one or more reservations. No reservations may, however, be made in respect of Articles 1 to 14 or Articles 18 to 20.     
Art.34.2  2. Any Party which has made a reservation under the preceding paragraph may wholly or partly withdraw it by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe. The withdrawal shall take effect on the date of receipt of such notification by the Secretary General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.34.3  3. A Party which has made a reservation in respect of a provision of this Convention may not claim the application of that provision by any other Party; it may, however, if its reservation is partial or conditional, claim the application of that provision insofar as it has itself accepted it.     
Art.35  Article 35  RESV SCOP  MEMB 
Art.35.1  1. Any Signatory may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, specify the territory or territories to which this Convention shall apply.     
Art.35.2  2. Any Party may at any later date, by a declaration addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe, extend the application of this Convention to any other territory specified in the declaration. In respect of such territory, the Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of receipt of such declaration by the Secretary General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.35.3  3. Any declaration made under the two preceding paragraphs may, in respect of any territory specified in such declaration, be withdrawn by a notification addressed to the Secretary General. The withdrawal shall become effective on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of receipt of such notification by the Secretary General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.36  Article 36  RESV  RESV 
Art.36.1  1. Any Party may at any time denounce this Convention by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.  RELA  RELA 
Art.36.2  2. Such denunciation shall become effective on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of six months after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.37  Article 37  DEPO  DEPO 
Art.37.1x  The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member States of the Council of Europe, the European Communities and any State which has acceded to this Convention of:  RELA  RELA 
Art.37.1x.a  a any signature;     
Art.37.1x.b  b the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession;     
Art.37.1x.c  c any date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with Articles 32, 33 and 35;     
Art.37.1x.d  d any other act, notification or communication relating to this Convention;     
Conc.1  In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this Convention.  CONC TEXT DEPO  CONC TEXT DEPO 
Conc.2  Done at Strasbourg, this 18th day of March 1986, in English and French, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the Council of Europe shall transmit certified copies to each member State of the Council of Europe, to the European Communities and to any State invited to accede to this Convention.  RELA  RELA 
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 20 August 2017