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1979: International Plant Protection Convention

Related Lineage is: International Plant Protection
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Titl.1  INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION  TITL  TITL 
Src.1  SRC: http://www.ippc.int/servlet/BinaryDownloaderServlet/1979_English.pdf?filename=1034340455937_IPPC79.pdf. 20040813  SRC  SRC 
Pre.1  PREAMBLE The contracting parties, recognizing the usefulness of international cooperation in controlling pests of plants and plant products and in preventing their spread, and especially their introduction across national boundaries, and desiring to ensure close coordination of measures directed to these ends, have agreed as follows:  DESC  DESC GOAL 
Art.1  ARTICLE I Purpose and responsibility  SUBS IMPL  IMPL SUBS 
Art.1.1  1. With the purpose of securing common and effective action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products and to promote measures for their control, the contracting parties undertake to adopt the legislative, technical and administrative measures specific in this Convention and in supplementary agreements pursuant to Article III.     SCIR 
Art.1.2  2. Each contracting party shall assume responsibility for the fulfillment within its territories of all requirements under this Convention.     
Art.2  ARTICLE II Scope  DEFN SCOP  DEFN SCOP 
Art.2.1  1. For the purpose of this Convention the term "plants" shall comprise living plants and parts thereof, including seeds in so far as the supervision of their importation under Article VI of the Convention or the issue of phytosanitary certificates in respect of them under Articles IV (1) (a) (iv) and V of this Convention may be deemed necessary by contracting parties; and the term "plant products" shall comprise unmanufactured material of plant origin (including seeds in so far as they are not included in the term "plants") and those manufactured products which, by their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the spread of pests.      
Art.2.2  2. For the purpose of this Convention, the term "pest" means any form of plant or animal life, or any pathogenic agent, injurious or potentially injurious to plants or plant products; and the term "quarantine pest" means a pest of potential national economic importance to the country endangered thereby and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being actively controlled.      
Art.2.3  3. Where appropriate, the provisions of this Convention may be deemed by contracting parties to extend to storage places, conveyances, containers and any other object or material 1 capable of harbouring or spreading plant pests, particularly where international transportation is involved.      
Art.2.4  4. This Convention applies mainly to quarantine pests involved with international trade.     
Art.2.5  5. The definitions set forth in this Article, being limited to the application of this Convention, shall not be deemed to affect definitions established under domestic laws or regulations of contracting parties.  SOVR  SOVR 
Art.3  ARTICLE III Supplementary agreements  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.3.1  1. Supplementary agreements applicable to specific regions, to specific pests, to specific plants and plant products, to specific methods of international transportation of plants and plant products, or otherwise supplementing the provisions of this Convention, may be proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as FAO) on the recommendation of a contracting party or on its own initiative, to meet special problems of plant protection which need particular attention or action.  RELA  RELA 
Art.3.2  2. Any such supplementary agreements shall come into force for each contracting party after acceptance in accordance with the provisions of the FAO Constitution and General Rules of the Organization.  RELA  RELA 
Art.4  ARTICLE IV National organization for plant protection  NATBS NATBF  NATBS NATBF 
Art.4.1  1. Each contracting party shall make provision, as soon as possible and to the best of its ability, for      
Art.4.1.a  (a) an official plant protection organization with the following main functions:     
Art.4.1.a.i  (i) the inspection of growing plants, of areas under cultivation (including fields, plantations, nurseries, gardens and greenhouses), and of plants and plant products in storage or in transportation, particularly with the object of reporting the existence, outbreak and spread of plant pests and of controlling those pests;      
Art.4.1.a.ii  (ii) the inspection of consignments of plants and plant products moving in international traffic, and, where appropriate, the inspection of consignments of other articles or commodities moving in international traffic under conditions where they may act incidentally as carriers of pests of plants and plant products, and the inspection and supervision of storage and transportation facilities of all kinds involved in international traffic whether of plants and plant products or of other commodities, particularly with the object of preventing the dissemination across national boundaries of pests of plants and plant products;      
Art.4.1.a.iii  (iii) the disinfestation or disinfection of consignments of plants and plant products moving in international traffic, and their containers (including packing material or matter of any kind accompanying plants or plant products), storage places, or transportation facilities of all kinds employed;      
Art.4.1.a.iv  (iv) the issuance of certificates relating to phytosanitary condition and origin of consignments of plants and plant products (hereinafter referred to as "phytosanitary certificates");     
Art.4.1.b  (b) the distribution of information within the country regarding the pests of plants and plant products and the means of their prevention and control;     
Art.4.1.c  (c) research and investigation in the field of plant protection.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.4.2  2. Each contracting party shall submit a description of the scope of its national organization for plant protection and of changes in such organization to the Director-General of FAO, who shall circulate such information to all contracting parties.  RELA INFO  RELA INFO 
Art.5  ARTICLE V Phytosanitary certificates  IMPL  SUBS 
Art.5.1  1. Each contracting party shall make arrangements for the issuance of phytosanitary certificates to accord with the plant protection regulations of other contracting parties, and in conformity with the following provisions:      
Art.5.1.a  (a) Inspection shall be carried out and certificates issued only by or under the authority of technically qualified and duly authorized officers and in such circumstances and with such knowledge and information available to those officers that the authorities of importing countries may accept such certificates with confidence as dependable documents.    SCIR 
Art.5.1.b  (b) Each certificate for the export or re-export of plants or plant products shall be as worded in the Annex to this Convention.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.5.1.c  (c) Uncertified alterations or erasures shall invalidate the certificates.     
Art.5.2  2. Each contracting party undertakes not to require consignments of plants or plant products imported into its territories to be accompanied by phytosanitary certificates inconsistent with the models set out in the Annex to this Convention. Any requirement for additional declarations shall be kept to a minimum.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.6  ARTICLE VI Requirements in relation to imports  SUBS IMPL  SUBS NATBF 
Art.6.1  1. With the aim of preventing the introduction of pests of plants and plant products into their territories, contracting parties shall have full authority to regulate the entry of plants and plant products and to this end, may:      
Art.6.1.a  (a) prescribe restrictions or requirements concerning the importation of plants or plant products;     
Art.6.1.b  (b) prohibit the importation of particular plants or plant products, or of particular consignments of plants or plant products;      
Art.6.1.c  (c) inspect or detain particular consignments of plants or plant products;     
Art.6.1.d  (d) treat, destroy or refuse entry to particular consignments of plants or plant products that do not comply with the requirements prescribed under subparagraph (a) or (b) of this paragraph, or require such consignments to be treated or destroyed or removed from the country;      
Art.6.1.e  (e) list pests the introduction of which is prohibited or restricted because they are of potential economic importance to the country concerned.     
Art.6.2  2. In order to minimize interference with international trade, each contracting party undertakes to carry out the provisions referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article in conformity with the following:      
Art.6.2.a  (a.) Contracting parties shall not, under their plant protection legislation, take any of the measures specified in paragraph 1 of this Article unless such measures are made necessary by phytosanitary considerations.      
Art.6.2.b  (b) If a contracting party prescribes any restrictions or requirements concerning the importation of plants and plant products into its territories, it shall publish the restrictions or requirements and communicate them immediately to FAO, any regional plant protection organization of which the contracting party is a member and all other contracting parties directly concerned. (c) If a contracting party prohibits, under the provisions of its plant protection legislation, the importation of any plants or plant products, it shall publish its decision with reasons and shall immediately inform FAO, any regional plant protection organization of which the contracting party is a member and all other contracting parties directly concerned.   RELA  RELA INFO 
Art.6.2.d  (d) If a contracting party requires consignments of particular plants or plant products to be imported only through specified points of entry, such points shall be so selected as not unnecessarily to impede international commerce. The contracting party shall publish a list of such points of entry and communicate it to FAO, any regional plant protection organization of which the contracting party is a member and all other contracting parties directly concerned. Such restrictions on points of entry shall not be made unless the plants or plant products concerned are required to be accompanied by phytosanitary certificates or to be submitted to inspection or treatment.   INFO RELA  RELA INFO 
Art.6.2.e  (e) Any inspection by the plant protection organization of a contracting party of consignments of plants or plant products offered for importation shall take place as promptly as possible with due regard to the perishability of the plants or plant products concerned. If any commercial or certified consignment of plants or plant products is found not to conform to the requirements of the plant protection legislation of the importing country, the plant protection organization of the importing country must ensure that the plant protection organization of the exporting country is properly and adequately informed. If the consignment is destroyed, in whole or in part, an official report shall be forwarded immediately to the plant protection organization of the exporting country.   INFO  RELA INFO 
Art.6.2.f  (f) Contracting parties shall make provisions which, without endangering their own plant production, will keep certification requirements to a minimum, particularly for plants or plant products not intended for planting, such as cereals, fruits, vegetables and cut flowers.     INFO 
Art.6.2.g  (g) Contracting parties may make provisions, with adequate safeguards, for the importation for purposes of scientific research or education, of plants and plant products and of specimens of plant pests. Adequate safeguards likewise need to be taken when introducing biological control agents and organisms claimed to be beneficial.  SCIR   
Art.6.3  3. The measures specified in this Article shall not be applied to goods in transit throughout the territories of contracting parties unless such measures are necessary for the protection of their own plants.    SCIR 
Art.6.4  4. FAO shall disseminate information received on importation restrictions, requirements, prohibitions and regulations (as specified in paragraph 2( b), (c) and (d) of this Article) at frequent intervals to all contracting parties and regional plant protection organizations.  INFO RELA   
Art.7  ARTICLE VII International cooperation  SUBS  RELA INFO 
Art.7.1x  The contracting parties shall cooperate with one another to the fullest practicable extent in achieving the aims of this Convention, in particular as follows:     SUBS 
Art.7.1x.a  (a) Each contracting party agrees to cooperate with FAO in the establishment of a world reporting service on plant pests, making full use of the facilities and services of existing organizations for this purpose and, when this is established, to furnish FAO periodically, for distribution by FAO to the contracting parties, with the following information:   INFO RELA   
Art.7.1x.a.i  (i) reports on the existence, outbreak and spread of economically important pests of plants and plant products which may be of immediate or potential danger;     RELA INFO 
Art.7.1x.a.ii  (ii) information on means found to be effective in controlling the pests of plants and plant products.     
Art.7.1x.b  (b) Each contracting party shall, as far as is practicable, participate in any special campaigns for combating particular destructive pests that may seriously threaten crop production and need international action to meet the emergencies.     
Art.8  ARTICLE VIII Regional plant protection organizations  SBS SBF   
Art.8.1  1. The contracting parties undertake to cooperate with one another in establishing regional plant protection organizations in appropriate areas.    SBS SBF 
Art.8.2  2. The regional plant protection organizations shall function as the coordinating bodies in the areas covered, shall participate in various activities to achieve the objectives of this Convention and, where appropriate, shall gather and disseminate information.  INFO   
Art.9  ARTICLE IX Settlement of disputes  DISP SBF SBS  INFO 
Art.9.1  1. If there is any dispute regarding the interpretation or application of this Convention, or if a contracting party considers that any action by another contracting party is in conflict with the obligations of the latter under Articles V and VI of this Convention, especially regarding the basis of prohibiting or restricting the imports of plants or plant products coming from its territories, the government or governments concerned may request the Director-General of FAO to appoint a committee to consider the question in dispute.  RELA  DISP SBS SBF 
Art.9.2  2. The Director-General of FAO shall thereupon, after consultation with the governments concerned, appoint a committee of experts which shall include representatives of those governments. This committee shall consider the question in dispute, taking into account all documents and other forms of evidence submitted by the governments concerned. This committee shall submit a report to the Director-General of FAO, who shall transmit it to the governments concerned and to the governments of other contracting parties.   RELA  RELA 
Art.9.3  3. The contracting parties agree that the recommendations of such a committee, while not binding in character, will become the basis for renewed consideration by the governments concerned of the matter out of which the disagreement arose.     RELA 
Art.9.4  4. The governments concerned shall share equally the expenses of the experts.     
Art.10  ARTICLE X Substitution of prior agreements     
Art.10.1x  This Convention shall terminate and replace, between contracting parties, the International Convention respecting measures to be taken against the Phylloxera vastatrix of 3 November 1881, the additional Convention signed at Berne on 15 April 1889 and the International Convention for the Protection of Plants signed at Rome on 16 April 1929.  RELA   
Art.11  ARTICLE XI Territorial application  RESV  RELA 
Art.11.1  1. Any state may at the time of ratification or adherence or at any time thereafter communicate to the Director-General of FAO a declaration that this Convention shall extend to all or any of the territories for the international relations of which it is responsible and this Convention shall be applicable to all territories specified in the declaration as from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.  RELA  MEMB DEPO 
Art.11.2  2. Any state which has communicated to the Director-General of FAO a declaration in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article may at any time communicate a further declaration modifying the scope of any former declaration or terminating the application of the provisions of the present Convention in respect of any territory. Such modification or termination shall take effect as from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.  RELA  RELA 
Art.11.3  3. The Director-General of FAO shall inform all signatory and adhering states of any declaration received under this Article.  RELA  RELA 
Art.12  ARTICLE XI Ratification and adherence  MEMB DEPO  RELA 
Art.12.1  1. This Convention shall be open for signature by all states until 1 May 1952 and shall be ratified at the earliest possible date. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Director-General of FAO, who shall give notice of the date of deposit to each of the signatory states.  RELA  MEMB DEPO 
Art.12.2  2. As soon as this Convention has come into force in accordance with Article XIV, it shall be open for adherence by non-signatory states. Adherence shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of adherence with the Director-General of FAO, who shall notify all signatory and adhering states.  RELA  RELA 
Art.13  ARTICLE XII Amendment  EIF DEPO  RELA 
Art.13.1  1. Any proposal by a contracting party for the amendment of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-General of FAO.  RELA  AMND DEPO EIF 
Art.13.2  2. Any proposed amendment of this Convention received by the Director-General of FAO from a contracting party shall be presented to a regular or special session of the Conference of FAO for approval and, if the amendment involves important technical changes or imposes additional obligations on the contracting parties, it shall be considered by an advisory committee of specialists convened by FAO prior to the Conference.   RELA  RELA 
Art.13.3  3. Notice of any proposed amendment of this Convention shall be transmitted to the contracting parties by the Director-General of FAO not later than the time when the agenda of the session of the Conference at which the matter is to be considered is dispatched.  RELA  RELA SCIR 
Art.13.4  4. Any such proposed amendment of this Convention shall require the approval of the Conference of FAO and shall come into force as from the thirtieth day after acceptance by two-thirds of the contracting parties. Amendments involving new obligations for contracting parties, however, shall come into force in respect of each contracting party only on acceptance by it and as from the thirtieth day after such acceptance.   RELA  RELA 
Art.13.5  5. The instruments of acceptance of amendments involving new obligations shall be deposited with the Director-General of FAO, who shall inform all contracting parties of the receipt of acceptance and the entry into force of amendments.  RELA  RELA 
Art.14  ARTICLE XIV Entry into force  EIF  RELA 
Art.14.1x  As soon as this Convention has been ratified by three signatory states it shall come into force between them. It shall come into force for each state ratifying or adhering thereafter from the date of deposit of its instrument of ratification or adherence.    EIF 
Art.15  ARTICLE XV Denunciation  RESV   
Art.15.1  1. Any contracting party may at any time give notice of denunciation of this Convention by notification addressed to the Director-General of FAO. The Director-General shall at once inform all signatory and adhering states.  RELA  RESV 
Art.15.2  2. Denunciation shall take effect one year from the date of receipt of the notification by the Director-General of FAO.  RELA  RELA 
      RELA 
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 29 March 2017