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1972: Convention For The Conservation Of Antarctic Seals

Related Lineage is: Antarctic
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Titl.1  CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC SEALS  TITL  TITL 
Src.1  Source: Unofficial http://www.oceanlaw.net/texts/seals.htm  SRC  SRC 
Pre.1  The Contracting Parties  DESC GOAL  DESC GOAL 
Pre.2  RECALLING the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, adopted under the Antarctic Treaty signed at Washington on 1 December 1959;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.3  RECOGNIZING the general concern about the vulnerability of Antarctic seals to commercial exploitation and the consequent need for effective conservation measures;     
Pre.4  RECOGNIZING that the stocks of Antarctic seals are an important living resource in the marine environment which requires an international agreement for its effective conservation;     
Pre.5  RECOGNIZING that this resource should not be depleted by over-exploitation, and hence that any harvesting should be regulated so as not to exceed the levels of the optimum sustainable yield;     
Pre.6  RECOGNIZING that in order to improve scientific knowledge and so place exploitation on a rational basis, every effort should be made both to encourage biological and other research on Antarctic seal populations and to gain information from such research and from the statistics of future sealing operations, so that further suitable regulations may be formulated;  SCIR  SCIR 
Pre.7  NOTING that the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research of the International Council of Scientific Unions (SCAR) is willing to carry out the tasks requested of it in this Convention;  RELA  RELA 
Pre.8  DESIRING to promote and achieve the objectives of protection, scientific study and rational use of Antarctic seals, and to maintain a satisfactory balance with the ecological system,  SCIR  SCIR 
Pre.9  HAVE AGREED as follows:     
Art.1  Article 1 Scope  SCOP  SCOP 
Art.1.1  1. This Convention applies to the seas south of 60o South Latitude, in respect of which the Contracting Parties affirm the provisions of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty.  RELA  RELA 
Art.1.2  2. This Convention may be applicable to any or all of the following species:     
Art.1.2.ax  Southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina,     
Art.1.2.bx  Leopard seal Hydrurga leptonyx,     
Art.1.2.cx  Weddell seal Leptonychotes weddelli,     
Art.1.2.dx  Crabeater seal Lobodon carcinophagus,     
Art.1.2.ex  Ross seal Ommatophoca rossi,     
Art.1.2.fx  Southern fur seals Arctocephalus sp.     
Art.1.3  3. The Annex to this Convention forms an integral part thereof.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.2  Article 2 Implementation  SUBS IMPL  SUBS IMPL 
Art.2.1  1. The Contracting Parties agree that the species of seals enumerated in Article 1 shall not be killed or captured within the Convention area by their nationals or vessels under their respective flags except in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.     
Art.2.2  2. Each Contracting Party shall adopt for its nationals and for vessels under its flag such laws, regulations and other measures, including a permit system as appropriate, as may be necessary to implement this Convention.     
Art.3  Article 3 Annexed measures  SUBS AMND  SUBS AMND 
Art.3.1  1. This Convention includes an Annex specifying measures which the Contracting Parties hereby adopt. Contracting Parties may from time to time in the future adopt other measures with respect to the conservation, scientific study and rational and humane use of seal resources, prescribing inter alia:  ATTACH SCIR  ATTACH SCIR 
Art.3.1.a  a) permissible catch;     
Art.3.1.b  b) protected and unprotected species;     
Art.3.1.c  c) open and closed seasons;     
Art.3.1.d  d) open and closed areas, including the designation of reserves;     
Art.3.1.e  e) the designation of special areas where there shall be no disturbance of seals;     
Art.3.1.f  f) limits relating to sex, size, or age for each species;     
Art.3.1.g  g) restrictions relating to time of day and duration, limitations of effort and methods of sealing;     
Art.3.1.h  h) types and specifications of gear and apparatus and appliances which may be used;     
Art.3.1.i  i) catch returns and other statistical and biological records;  SCIR   
Art.3.1.j  j) procedures for facilitating the review and assessment of scientific information;  SCIR   
Art.3.1.k  k) other regulatory measures including an effective system of inspection.     
Art.3.2  2. The measures adopted under paragraph (1) of this Article shall be based upon the best scientific and technical evidence available.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.3.3  3. The Annex may from time to time be amended in accordance with the procedures provided for in Article 9.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.4  Article 4 Special permits  IMPL  IMPL 
Art.4.1  1. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Convention, any Contracting Party may issue permits to kill or capture seals in limited quantities and in conformity with the objectives and principles of this Convention for the following purposes:     
Art.4.1.a  a) to provide indispensable food for men or dogs;     
Art.4.1.b  b) to provide for scientific research; or  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.4.1.c  c) to provide specimens for museums, educational or cultural institutions.  INFO   
Art.4.2  2. Each Contracting Party shall, as soon as possible, inform the other Contracting Parties and SCAR of the purpose and content of all permits issued under paragraph (1) of this Article and subsequently of the numbers of seals killed or captured under these permits.  INFO RELA  INFO RELA 
Art.5  Article 5 Exchange of information and scientific advice  SUBS  SUBS 
Art.5.1  1. Each Contracting Party shall provide to the other Contracting Parties and to SCAR the information specified in the Annex within the period indicated therein.  RELA INFO ATTACH  RELA ATTACH INFO 
Art.5.2  2. Each Contracting Party shall also provide to the other Contracting Parties and to SCAR before 31 October each year information on any steps it has taken in accordance with Article 2 of this Convention during the preceding period 1 July to 30 June.  RELA INFO  RELA INFO 
Art.5.3  3. Contracting Parties which have no information to report under the two preceding paragraphs shall indicate this formally before 31 October each year.  INFO   
Art.5.4  4. SCAR is invited:  RELA  RELA 
Art.5.4.a  a) to assess information received pursuant to this Article; encourage exchange of scientific data and information among the Contracting Parties; recommended programmes for scientific research; recommended statistical and biological data to be collected by sealing expeditions within the Convention area; and suggest amendments to the Annex; and  SCIR INFO ATTACH  SCIR ATTACH 
Art.5.4.b  b) to report on the basis of the statistical, biological and other evidence available when the harvest of any species of seal in the Convention area is having a significantly harmful effect on the total stocks of such species or on the ecological system in any particular locality.  INFO SCIR  INFO SCIR 
Art.5.5  5. SCAR is invited to notify the Depositary which shall report to the Contracting Parties when SCAR estimates in any sealing season that the permissible catch limits for any species are likely to be exceeded and, in that case, to provide an estimate of the date upon which the permissible catch limits will be reached. Each Contracting Party shall then take appropriate measures to prevent its nationals and vessels under its flag from killing or capturing seals of that species after the estimated date until the Contracting Parties decided otherwise.  RELA  RELA 
Art.5.6  6. SCAR may if necessary seek the technical assistance of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in making its assessment.  RELA SCIR  RELA SCIR 
Art.5.7  7. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1) of Article 1 the Contracting Parties shall, in accordance with their internal law, report to each other and to SCAR, for consideration, statistics relating to the Antarctic seals listed in paragraph (2) of Article 1 which have been killed or captured by their nationals and vessels under their respective flags in the area of floating sea ice north of 60o South Latitude.  INFO RELA  RELA INFO SCIR 
Art.6  Article 6 Consultation between Contracting Parties  HOBS HOBF SBS SBF  HOBS HOBF SBS 
Art.6.1  1. At any time after commercial sealing has begun a Contracting Party may propose through the Depositary that a meeting of Contracting Parties be convened with a view to:     
Art.6.1.a  a) establishing by a two-thirds majority of the Contracting Parties, including the concurring votes of all States signatory to this Convention present at the meeting, an effective system of control, including inspection, over the implementation of the provisions of this Convention;     
Art.6.1.b  b) establishing a commission to perform such functions under this Convention as the Contracting Parties may deem necessary; or     
Art.6.1.c  c) considering other proposals, including:     
Art.6.1.c.i  (i) the provision of independent scientific advice;  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.6.1.c.ii  (ii) the establishment, by a two-thirds majority, of a scientific advisory committee which may be assigned some or all of the functions requested of SCAR under this Convention, if commercial sealing reaches significant proportions;  RELA  RELA 
Art.6.1.c.iii  (iii) the carrying out of scientific programmes with the participation of the Contracting Parties; and  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.6.1.c.iv  (iv) the provision of further regulatory measures, including moratoria.     
Art.6.2  2. If one-third of the Contracting Parties indicate agreement the Depositary shall convene such a meeting, as soon as possible.     
Art.6.3  3. A meeting shall be held at the request of any Contracting Party, if SCAR reports that the harvest of any species of Antarctic seal in the area to which this Convention applies is having a significantly harmful effect on the total stocks or the ecological system in any particular locality.  RELA  RELA 
Art.7  Article 7 Review of operations  HOBS HOBF REVW  REVW 
Art.7.1x  The Contracting Parties shall meet within five years after the entry into force of this Convention and at least every five years thereafter to review the operation of the Convention.     
Art.8  Article 8 Amendments to the Convention  AMND DEPO EIF  AMND DEPO EIF 
Art.8.1  1. This Convention may be amended at any time. The text of any amendment proposed by a Contracting Party shall be submitted to the Depositary, which shall transmit it to all the Contracting Parties.     
Art.8.2  2. If one-third of the Contracting Parties request a meeting to discuss the proposed amendment the Depositary shall call such a meeting.     
Art.8.3  3. An amendment shall enter into force when the Depositary has received instruments of ratification or acceptance thereof from all the Contracting Parties.     
Art.9  Article 9 Amendments to the Annex  AMND DEPO EIF RESV  AMND DEPO EIF 
Art.9.1  1. Any Contracting Party may propose amendments to the Annex to this Convention. The text of any such proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Depositary which shall transmit it to all Contracting Parties.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.9.2  2. Each such proposed amendment shall become effective for all Contracting Parties six months after the date appearing on the notification from the Depositary to the Contracting Parties, if within 120 days of the notification date, no objection has been received and two-thirds of the Contracting Parties have notified the Depositary in writing of their approval.     
Art.9.3  3. If an objection is received from any Contracting Party within 120 days of the notification date, the matter shall be considered by the Contracting Parties at their next meeting. If unanimity on the matter is not reached at the meeting, the Contracting Parties shall notify the Depositary within 120 days from the date of closure of the meeting of their approval or rejection of the original amendment or of any new amendment proposed by the meeting. If, by the end of this period, two-thirds of the Contracting Parties have approved such amendment, it shall become effective six months from the date of the closure of the meeting for those Contracting Parties which have by then notified their approval.     
Art.9.4  4. Any Contracting Party which has objected to a proposed amendment may at any time withdraw that objection, and the proposed amendment shall become effective with respect to such Party immediately if the amendment is already in effect, or at such time as it becomes effective under the terms of this Article.     
Art.9.5  5. The Depositary shall notify each Contracting Party immediately upon receipt of each approval or objection, of each withdrawal of objection, and of the entry into force of any amendment.     
Art.9.6  6. Any State which becomes a party to this Convention after an amendment to the Annex has entered into force shall be bound by the Annex as so amended. Any State which become a Party to this Convention during the period when a proposed amendment is pending may approve or object to such amendment within the time limits applicable to other Contracting Parties.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.10  Article 10 Signature  MEMB  MEMB 
Art.10.1x  This Convention shall be open for signature at London from 1 June to 31 December 1972 by States participating in the Conference on the Conservation of Antarctic Seals held at London from 3 to 11 February 1972.  RELA  RELA 
Art.11  Article 11 Ratification  MEMB DEPO  MEMB DEPO 
Art.11.1x  This Convention is subject to ratification or acceptance. Instruments of ratification or acceptance shall be deposited with the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, hereby designated as the Depositary.     
Art.12  Article 12 Accession  MEMB  MEMB 
Art.12.1x  This Convention shall be open for accession by any State which may be invited to accede to this Convention with the consent of all the Contracting Parties.     
Art.13  Article 13 Entry into force  EIF DEPO  EIF 
Art.13.1  1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit of the seventh instrument of ratification or acceptance.     
Art.13.2  2. Thereafter this Convention shall enter into force for each ratifying, accepting or acceding State on the thirtieth day after deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or accession.     
Art.14  Article 14 Withdrawal  RESV  RESV 
Art.14.1x  Any Contracting Party may withdraw from this Convention on 30 June of any year by giving notice on or before 1 January of the same year to the Depositary, which upon receipt of such a notice shall at once communicate it to the other Contracting Parties. Any other Contracting Party may, in like manner, within one month of the receipt of a copy of such a notice from the Depositary, give notice of withdrawal, so that the Convention shall cease to be in force on 30 June of the same year with respect to the Contracting Party giving such notice.     
Art.15  Article 15 Notifications by the Depositary  DEPO  DEPO 
Art.15.1x  The Depositary shall notify all signatory and acceding States of the following:     
Art.15.1x.a  a) signatures of this Convention, the deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance or accession and notices of withdrawal;     
Art.15.1x.b  b) the date of entry into force of this Convention and of any amendments to it or its Annex.  ATTACH  ATTACH 
Art.16  Article 16 Certified copies and registration  TEXT DEPO  TEXT DEPO 
Art.16.1  1. This Convention, done in the English, French, Russian and Spanish languages, each version being equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which shall transmit duly certified copies thereof to all signatory and acceding States.     
Art.16.2  2. This Convention shall be registered by the Depositary pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.  RELA  RELA 
Conc.1  IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, duly authorized, have signed this Convention.  CONC  CONC 
Conc.2  DONE at London this first day of June 1972.     
Conc.3  [Signatures not reproduced here.]     
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2017. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/
Date accessed: 17 December 2017