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(c) Ronald B. Mitchell and the IEA Database Project, 2002-2018 .
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1959: The Antarctic Treaty

Related Lineage is:
Provisions coded as containing the code: SCIR
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Pre.3  Acknowledging the substantial contributions to scientific knowledge resulting from international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica;  SCIR  SCIR 
Pre.4  Convinced that the establishment of a firm foundation for the continuation and development of such cooperation on the basis of freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica as applied during the International Geophysical Year accords with the interests of science and the progress of all mankind;    SCIR 
Art.1.2  2. The present Treaty shall not prevent the use of military personnel or equipment for scientific research or for any other peaceful purpose.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.2.1x  Freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica and cooperation toward that end, as applied during the International Geophysical Year, shall continue, subject to the provisions of the present Treaty.  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.3.1  1. In order to promote international cooperation in scientific investigation in Antarctica, as provided for in Article II of the present Treaty, the Contracting Parties agree that, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable:  SCIR  SCIR 
Art.3.1.a  a. information regarding plans for scientific programs in Antarctica shall be exchanged to permit maximum economy of and efficiency of operations;  INFO  INFO 
Art.3.1.b  b. scientific personnel shall be exchanged in Antarctica between expeditions and stations;    INFO 
Art.3.1.c  c. scientific observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available.  INFO  INFO 
Art.3.2  2. In implementing this Article, every encouragement shall be given to the establishment of cooperative working relations with those Specialized Agencies of the United Nations and other technical organizations having a scientific or technical interest in Antarctica.  RELA SCIR  RELA SCIR 
Art.8.1  1. In order to facilitate the exercise of their functions under the present Treaty, and without prejudice to the respective positions of the Contracting Parties relating to jurisdiction over all other persons in Antarctica, observers designated under paragraph 1 of Article VII and scientific personnel exchanged under sub-paragraph 1(b) of Article III of the Treaty, and members of the staffs accompanying any such persons, shall be subject only to the jurisdiction of the Contracting Party of which they are nationals in respect of all acts or omissions occurring while they are in Antarctica for the purpose of exercising their functions.  SOVR  SCIR 
Art.9.1.b  b. facilitation of scientific research in Antarctica;    SCIR 
Art.9.1.c  c. facilitation of international scientific cooperation in Antarctica;    SCIR 
Art.9.2  2. Each Contracting Party which has become a party to the present Treaty by accession under Article XIII shall be entitled to appoint representatives to participate in the meetings referred to in paragraph 1 of the present Article, during such times as that Contracting Party demonstrates its interest in Antarctica by conducting substantial research activity there, such as the establishment of a scientific station or the dispatch of a scientific expedition.  SCIR  SCIR 
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at:
Date accessed: 18 December 2018