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1957: Interim Convention On Conservation Of North Pacific Fur Seals

Related Lineage is:
Provisions coded as containing the code: SCIR
  Provision  First Coders Codes  Second Coders Codes 
Pre.3  RECOGNIZING that in order to determine such measures it is necessary to conduct adequate scientific research on the said resources, and  SCIR   
Art.2.1  1. In order to realize the objectives of this Convention, the Parties agree to co-ordinate necessary scientific research programs and to cooperate in investigating the fur seal resources of the North Pacific Ocean to determine:  SCIR   
Art.2.1.a  a) what measures may be necessary to make possible the maximum sustainable productivity of the fur seal resources so that the fur seal populations can be brought to and maintained at the levels which will provide the greatest harvest year after year; and     
Art.2.1.b  b) what the relationship is between fur seals and other living marine resources and whether fur seals have detrimental effects on other living marine resources substantially exploited by any of the Parties and, if so, to what extent.     
Art.2.2  2. The research referred to in the preceding paragraph shall include studies of the following subjects:  SCIR   
Art.2.2.a  a) size of each fur seal herd and its age and sex composition;     
Art.2.2.b  b) natural mortality of the different age groups and recruitment of young to each age or size class at present and subsequent population levels;     
Art.2.2.c  c) with regard to each of the herds, the effect upon the magnitude of recruitment of variations in the size and the age and sex composition of the annual kill;     
Art.2.2.d  d) migration routes of fur seals and their wintering areas;     
Art.2.2.e  e) numbers of seals from each herd found on the migration routes and in wintering areas and their ages and sexes;     
Art.2.2.f  f) relationship between fur seals and other living marine resources, including the extent to which fur seals affect commercial fish catches, the damage fur seals inflict on fishing gear, and the effect of commercial fisheries on the fur seals;     
Art.2.2.g  g) effectiveness of each method of sealing from the viewpoint of management and rational utilization of fur seal resources for conservation purposes;     
Art.2.2.h  h) quality of sealskins by sex, age, and time and method of sealing;     
Art.2.2.i  i) effect of man-caused environmental changes on the fur seal populations; and     
Art.2.2.j  j) other subjects involved in achieving the objectives of the Convention, as determined by the Commission established under Article V, paragraph 1.     
Art.2.3  3. In furtherance of the research referred to in this Article, the Parties agree:  SCIR   
Art.2.3.a  a) to continue to mark adequate numbers of pups;     
Art.2.3.b  b) to devote to pelagic research an effort which, to the greatest extent possible, should be similar in extent to that expended in recent years, provided that this shall not involve the annual taking by all the Parties combined of more than 2,500 seals in the Eastern and more than 2,200 seals in the Western Pacific Oceans, unless the Commission, pursuant to Article V, paragraph 3, shall decide otherwise, and     
Art.2.3.c  c) to carry out the determinations made by the Commission pursuant to Article V, paragraph 3.     
Art.2.4.dx  And, so far as is practicable, other information pertinent to scientific research which the Commission may request.  SCIR   
Art.2.5  5. The Parties further agree to provide for the exchange of scientific personnel; each such exchange shall be subject to mutual consent of the Parties directly concerned.  SCIR   
Art.2.6  6. The Parties agree to use for the scientific pelagic research provided for in this Article only government-owned or government-chartered vessels operating under strict control of their respective authorities. Each Party shall communicate to the other Parties the names and descriptions of vessels which are to be used for pelagic research.  SCIR INFO   
Art.3.1x  In order to realize the purposes of the Convention, including the carrying out of the co-ordinated and co-operative research, each Party agrees to prohibit pelagic sealing, except as provided in Article II, paragraph 3 in the Pacific Ocean north of the 30th parallel of north latitude including the seas of Bering, Okhotsk, and Japan by any person or vessel subject to its jurisdiction.  SCIR   
Art.4.1x  Each Party shall bear the expense of its own research. Title to seal-skins taken during the research shall vest in the Party conducting such research.  SCIR   
Art.5.2.a  a) formulate and co-ordinate research programs designed to achieve the objectives set forth in Article II, paragraph 1;  SCIR   
Art.5.2.b  b) recommend these co-ordinated research programs to the respective Parties for implementation;  SCIR   
Art.5.2.c  c) study the data obtained from the implementation of such co-ordinated research programs;  SCIR   
Art.5.2.d  d) recommend appropriate measures to the Parties on the basis of the findings obtained from the implementation of such coordinated research programmes, including measures regarding the size and the sex and age composition of the seasonal commercial kill from a herd and regarding a reduction or suspension of the harvest of seals on any island or group of islands in case the total number of seals on that island or group of islands falls below the level of maximum sustainable productivity; provided, however, that due consideration be given to the subsistence needs of Indians, Ainos, Aleuts, or Eskimos who live on the islands where fur seals breed, when it is not possible to provide sufficient seal meat for such persons from the seasonal commercial harvest or research activities; and  SCIR SOVR   
Art.5.3  3. In addition to the duties specified in paragraph 2 of this Article, the Commission shall, subject to Article II, paragraph 3, determine from time to time the number of seals to be marked on the rookery islands, and the total number of seals which shall be taken at sea for research purposes, the times at which such seals shall be taken and the areas in which they shall be taken, as well as the number to be taken by each Party, taking into account any recommendations made pursuant to Article V, paragraph 2(d).  SCIR   
Art.8.2  2. Each Party also agrees to prohibit the importation and delivery into and the traffic within its territories of skins of fur seals taken in the area of the North Pacific Ocean mentioned in Article III, except only those taken by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the United States of America on rookeries, those taken at sea for research purposes in accordance with Article II, paragraph 3, those taken under the provisions of Article VII, those confiscated under the provisions of Article VI, paragraphs 5, and those inadvertently captured which are taken possession of by a Party; provided however, that all such excepted skins shall be officially marked and duly certified by the authorities of the Party concerned.  SCIR   
Please cite as:
Data from Ronald B. Mitchell. 2002-2018. International Environmental Agreements Database Project (Version 2014.3).
Available at:
Date accessed: 18 December 2018